IndexAbe Shintarō435, 445, 446, 450, 462, 467Abe Shinzō521, 523, 544, 598AccordsHelsinki Accords411, 560Acheson Line561, 574Adenauer Formula389, 571, 591AgreementsAgreement Between the Governments of Japan and of Russian Federation Concerning the Promotion and Protection of Investments (R: Soglashenie mezhdu Pravitel’stvom Rossiĭskoĭ Federatsii i Pravitel’stvom Yaponii o pooshchrenii i zashchite kapitalovlozheniĭ; J: Ronichi tōshi shōrei hogo kyōtei)549Agreement Between the Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Japan on Fishing in the Soviet Coastal Waters in the Northwestern Part of the Pacific Ocean (R: Soglashenie mezhdu Pravitel’stvom Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik i Pravitel’stvom Yaponii o rybolovstve u poberezh’ya SSSR v severo-zapadnoĭ chasti Tikhogo okeana; J: Hokusei Taiheiyō no Sobieto shakaishugi kyōwa kokurenpō no chisaki okiai ni okeru 1977 nen no gyogyō ni kansuru Nihonkoku seifu to Sobieto shakaishugi kyōwa kokurenpō to no kyōtei)434Agreement on Certain Issues of Cooperation in the Fishing Operations Involving Maritime Resources (R: Soglashenie o nekotorykh voprosakh sotrudnichestva v oblasti promysla morskikh zhivykh resursov; J: Hoppō yontō shūhen suiiki ni okeru Nihon gyosen sōgyō wakagumi ni kansuru kyōtei iwayuru anzen sōgyō kyōtei)517General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)391Karakhan–Hirota161Nishi–Rosen48Russo-Japanese87, 88–91, 93, 96–98, 99, 103, 108, 109Sino-Japanese Agreement Regarding Manchuria (J: Manshū go-anken ni kansuru Nisshin jōyaku; C: Zhongri huiyi dongsansheng shiyi zheng yue jifu)60Soviet-Japanese Consular (R: Konsulskaya Konventsiya mezhdu SSSR i Yaponieĭ; J: Nihon koku to Sorenpō to no aida o ryōji jōyaku)371, 436Takahira–Root (J: Rūto-Takahira kyōtei)59, 61, 90Yalta255, 259, 264, 274, 277, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285–91, 293, 295, 357, 369, 380, 386, 421, 559, 560, 562, 563, 564, 565, 566, 568, 570, 584, 585, 590Yamagata–Lobanov47Ainu5, 8, 16, 19, 29, 30, 578, 579, 580Alaska12, 24, 27, 37, 270, 288AlliancesAlliance for Supporting the Livelihoods of Returnees from the Soviet Union (J: Siuoren Kikansha Seikatsu Yōgo Dōmei, Sokidō)322Anglo-Japanese (J: Nichiei Dōmei)48, 59, 60, 67, 86–89, 91–99, 105, 110, 179Japan Alliance of Repatriates (J: Nihon Kikansha Dōmei, Nichikidō)325Russo-Japanese (R: Sekretnyĭ russko- yaponskiĭ [sozyunyĭ] dogovor 1916 g.; J: Daiyoji Nichiro Kyōyaku)92, 94, 95, 96, 111, 113, 114–15Triple107All-Japan Communist Youth League (J: Kyōsan Seinen Dōmei)177ArmiesFER People’s Revolutionary144, 148Imperial Japanese Army (IJA)53, 55, 58, 85, 86, 92, 94, 121, 307, 315, 316, 317, 329, 380, 381Kwantung169, 189, 202, 207, 232, 252, 261, 262, 271, 275, 306, 307, 314, 315, 316, 329, 335, 336, 337, 340, 343, 344, 345, 346People’s Volunteer Army (PVA; C: Zhongguo renmin zhiyuan jun)356Red (R: Raboche krest’yanskaya krasnaya armiya, RKKA)185White (R: Belaya Armiya)122, 142, 148, 149Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)225AssociationsAnti-Russian (J: Tairodōshikai)56Association for Supporting Compatriots in Manchuria and Mongolia (J: Manmō Dōhō Engokai)322Association for the Acceleration of the Repatriation of Compatriots from the Soviet Union (J: Zaiso Dōhō Kikan Sokushinkai)322, 326Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)490, 500, 507Concordia (J: Kyōwakai)307, 315International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA)391Japan Association of Corporate Executives (J: Keizai Dōyūkai)491, 507Japanese-Soviet Friendship (J: Nisso Yūkō Giin Renmei; R: Assotsiattsiya yapono-sovetskoĭ druzhby)427Japan Healthy Youth (J: Nihon Kenseikai)326Japan-Russia (J: Nichiro Kyōkai)155, 157, 170–72, 174, 175, 202National Association for the Acceleration of Repatriation of Overseas Compatriots (J: Zaigai Dōhō Kikan Sokushin Zenkoku Kyōgikai, Zenkyō)322National Association for the Compensation of Internees (J: Zenkoku Yokuryūsha Hoshō Kyōgikai, Zenyokukyō)320, 326, 329, 338National Association of Forced Internees (J: Zenkoku Kyōsei Yokuryūsha Kyōkai, Zenyokukyō)326, 329Soviet-Japanese (R: Sovetsko-Yaponskaya assotsiatsiya)191Taibunkyō448Atlasov, Vladimir Vladimirovich21Atlas Russicus, Mappa una Generali et Undeviginti Specialibus Vastissimum Imperium Russicum23bakufu18, 34bangaku (Barbarian Studies)15BanksJapan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)516Japan Export-Import Bank (JEXIM; J: Nihon Yushutsunyū Ginkō)410, 413, 414, 416, 430, 485, 488, 516BattlesGuadalcanal334Khalkhin Gol River219, 232, 233Lake Khasan219, 231, 233, 234, 315, 334, 344Midway263, 270, 334Mukden49, 51, 72Shumshu584Stalingrad270Tsushima Strait50, 55, 72Beijing Center (J: Beijing Kikan)357Benyovszky, Maurice (Móric)16Bezobrazov, Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich66, 69Bezobrazovsky Circle (Bezobrazovskiĭ kruzhok)66, 67, 69, 71, 75Big Six248, 249, 250, 251, 252Bloody Sunday (R: Krovaavoe voskresen’e)101Bolsheviks59, 113, 126, 137, 138, 141, 142, 143, 144, 146, 147, 149, 158, 175, 186All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)159, 346anti-Bolsheviks137, 140, 147, 148, 149, 156October Revolution121border demarcation (J: ryōdo kakutei; R: pogranichnoe razmezevanie)9, 10, 13, 208, 210, 232, 540, 542Boxer Rebellion48, 66, 84, 92Brezhnev, Leonid Il’ich371, 403, 408, 409, 418, 428, 434, 443, 457, 573Bulganin, Nikolaĭ Aleksandrovich306, 359, 361, 363, 365, 366, 389, 394, 571ChartersAtlantic274, 277, 559, 563, 583United Nations (UN)266, 267, 268, 294, 380, 478, 582Chechnya514Chicherin, Georgiĭ Vasil’vich169, 181, 184, 186, 187, 188ChishimaIslands: Kurile IslandsChurchill, Winston Leonard Spencer270, 272, 274, 275, 277, 278, 280, 282, 288, 376, 559Colonization Bureau (J: Kaitakushi)35Comintern (Communist International)175, 176, 177, 193, 205Anti-Comintern Pact204, 208, 230, 231, 260CommissionsCentral Commission for Assistance (R: Tsentral’naya komissiya po okazaniyu pomoshchi)181Far Eastern Commission (FEC; R: Dal’nevostoochnaya komissiya, DVK)355, 356, 361, 378, 383Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation536Russian-Japanese Fisheries390CommitteesCentral Executive Committee of the USSR (R: Vserossiiskii Tsentral’nii Ispolnitel’nii Komitet)181, 339Committee of the 21st Century (Komitet XXI veka)517Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls (CoCom)422, 447, 463Japanese-Soviet (Soviet-Japanese) Economic (J: Nisso [Soni] Keizai Iinkai)405, 416KGB (Komitet gosudarstvennoĭ bezopasnosti)347, 453, 474Soviet Central Committee of the Communist Party (Tsentral’nyĭ komitet Kommunisticheskoĭ partii Sovetskogo Soyuza)361, 379, 460, 461, 462, 472, 474, 592Communist Information Bureau (Cominform)325, 356CompaniesDutch East India (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC)18, 22, 33, 578Hudson Bay578Japanese-Russian Fishing (J: Nichiro Gyogyō Kabushiki Kaisha)159, 160, 161, 162Northern Sakhalin Mining (J: Kita Karafuto Kōgyō Kabushiki Kaisha)183, 230Northern Sakhalin Oil Company (J: Kita Karafuto Sekiyū Kabushiki Kaisha)165, 193Russian-American Company (RAC)4, 9, 27, 28, 31ConferencesBandung359Cairo271, 583Changchun148Conference of Marshals94Conference on Security and Cooperation411CrimeaYaltaDairen148, 149Geneva359Geneva Conference on Disarmament202The Hague88, 103Imperial General Headquarters Government Liaison (J: Daihon’ei Seifu Renraku Kaigi)242Japanese Imperial (J: Gozen Kaigi)83Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers355Naval Disarmament205Portsmouth Peace45–62Potsdam251, 287, 290San Francisco Peace357, 358, 360, 362, 376–84, 564, 565, 568, 585Secret Imperial250Shimonoseki54Suez Canal Global364, 388, 590Tehran246, 271, 279, 280United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)432Yalta246–47, 251, 259, 275–76, 279, 280, 282, 284, 294, 305, 355, 559, 582, 583ConventionsConvention Between Russia and China on the Lease of the Liaodong Peninsula66Convention of Kanagawa37Treaties: Treaty of KanagawaConventions of Peking37, 60, 92Convention on Consular Relations424, 436Geneva307, 309, 315, 329, 339Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field339Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War327, 339The Hague339Japanese-Russian Fisheries Convention115, 157, 158, 159Russian-Japanese (also Japanese-Russian) Fisheries Convention (R: Russko-Yaponskaya rybolovnaya konventsiya; J: Nichiro Gyogyō Kyōtei)89, 155, 157, 158, 159Russo-Japanese (J: Nichiro Kyōshū)59, 106, 110, 111, 143Soviet-Japanese (Japanese-Soviet) Convention on Basic Principles for Mutual Relations (R: Konventsiya ob osnovnykh printsipakh vzaimootnosheniĭ mezhdu Soyuzom Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik i Yaponieĭ; J: Nisso Kihon Jōyaku)155, 163, 177, 182, 191, 245, 247, 249, 581Soviet-Japanese Fisheries Convention (J: Sonichi Gyogō Jōyaku)192, 230, 242, 243, 424, 434Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT)589CouncilsAllied Council for Japan (ACJ)321, 322, 324, 355, 356, 361, 377, 378, 383 355Council of Wise Men (J: Kenjinkai; R: Sovet mudretsov)541, 542Japanese Trade Union Council (J: Nihon Rōdō Kumiai Hyōgikai)177National Military Council (China)269National Security Council (NSC)358, 372, 569Soviet Council of Ministers (R: Sovet ministrov SSSR)341, 421, 433:Soviet Council of People’s Commissars (R: Sovet narodnykh komissarov [Sovnarkom], SNK)180, 184, 221, 230, 339Soviet Supreme Council Presidium (R: Prezidium Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR)268, 433, 434Supreme Council of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR)472UN Security Council356, 366, 377, 478, 545Czechoslovak Corps Mutiny140Dalian (J: Dairen)46, 65, 85, 101, 147, 166, 246, 273, 308Davydov, Gavriil Ivanovich5, 6–8, 16, 28, 29, 30, 579DeclarationsCairo274, 277, 290, 292, 421, 559, 560, 565, 583, 584Declaration of the Four Nations294Declaration on Economic, Scientific, and Technical Cooperation (R: Deklaratsiya o perspektivakh, torgovo-ėkonomicheskikh i nauchno-tekhnicheskikh otnosheniĭ mezhdu Yaponieĭ i Rossieĭ)505, 516Moscow Declaration of The Four Powers (R: Moskovskaya Deklaratsiya Chetyrekh Derzhav)266Moscow Declaration on Establishing a Creative Partnership Between Japan and the Russian Federation (R: Moskovskaya deklaratsiya “Ob ustanovlenii sozidatel’nogo partnerstva mezhdu Rossiĭskoĭ Federatsieĭ i Yaponieĭ”; J: Nihon koku to Roshia renpō no aida no sōzōteki pātonāshippu kōchiku ni kansuru Mosukuwa sengen)493, 497, 595, 596Potsdam265, 277, 288, 292, 305, 335, 340, 355, 357, 377, 380, 421, 560, 561, 565, 566, 568, 570, 577, 583, 584, 585Tashkent Declaration of India and Pakistan423Tokyo486–88, 496, 505–6, 509, 513, 537, 595, 596Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, North Korea)67, 148, 356, 385, 500, 538DepartmentsFar Eastern Department of the Imperial Foreign Ministry (R: Dal’nevostochnyĭ otdel ministerstva inostrannykh del)95, 112International Department of the Soviet Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (R: Mezhdunarodnyĭ Otdel Tsentral’nogo Komiteta Kommunisticheskoĭ partii Sovetskogo Soyuza)460, 472Dereviyanko, Kuz’ma Nikolaevich292, 356, 377, 378DoctrinesGuam (Nixon)403, 425Hashimoto508Truman294, 295Domnitskiĭ, Andreĭ Ivanovich361, 385, 387dongyi (Eastern Barbarians)19Dulles, John Foster392, 563, 564, 565, 568, 569, 570, 590Dulles’s Warning388, 568, 570, 574EarthquakesGreat Kantō Earthquake176, 181Shimoda10, 33Tōhoku Earthquakexvii, 531, 543, 544Edo period14, 20, 21, 24, 34, 37, 578“expanding equilibrium” (J: kakudai kinkō)450, 465, 468, 497ExpeditionsBering22, 24De Vries22Kamchatka24Laksman4Northern Sakhalin174Putyatin9Rezanov4–5Shandong167Shpanberg24Siberianxi, 246, 251, 255“expel the barbarians” (J: jōi)14Ezo16, 24, 26, 29, 30AinuFar Eastern Republic (FER; R: Dal’nevostochnaya respublika, DVR)144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 179, 180, 194, 281FederationsFederation of Economic Organizations (J: Keidanren)369, 405, 516Japan Federation of Labor (J: Nihon Rōdō Sōdōmei)179Five Principles to Govern Japan-Soviet/Russian Relations (J: Nisso Nichiro kankei gogensoku)484, 497Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation (R: Dialog o putyakh vzaimopriemlemogo resheniya neuregulirovannykh voprosov)599Fukuda Takeo406, 426–27, 444, 446gashin shōtan (enduring hardship now for the sake of revenge later)46genrō (elder statesmen)48, 49, 58, 83, 88, 94GLavPUR (Glavnoe politicheskoe upravlenie armii i flota)347Golovnin, Vasiliĭ Mikhaĭlovich5–7, 8, 9, 30, 31, 579Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich391, 412, 415, 443–56, 459–70, 472–77, 483–85, 487, 495, 497, 499, 512, 573, 594Gorchakov, Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich35Grew, Joseph Clark284, 285Gromyko, Andreĭ Andreevich277, 356, 358, 361, 362, 365, 366, 367, 368, 371, 380, 381, 391, 404, 405, 406–8, 409, 412, 417, 423, 424, 426–27, 428, 435, 444, 445, 446, 449, 460, 461, 565, 591Gromyko formula461Hague Secret Emissary Affair89Hakodate8, 10, 11, 30, 33, 34, 125, 547Harbin56, 72, 139, 140, 185, 221Harbin Products Exhibition Hall157, 171Harbin Trade Center172Hashimoto Ryūtarō507, 508, 510, 573Hatoyama Ichirō361, 365, 366, 385, 389, 394, 395, 456, 571hikiwake (“tie” or “draw”)544, 599Hiroshima286, 335, 376, 560Hirota Kōki203, 205, 208, 221, 226, 249–50, 251Hokusa monryaku26huayi zhibian (Sino-barbarian dichotomy)19hyōryūmin (“people drifting, or floating, with the current”)24–26, 27“illegally occupied” (J: fuhō senkyo)292, 543, 598, 599Imperial Rescript on the Termination of War (J: Daitōa sensō shūketsu no shōsho)307, 337, 355IncidentsAugust Faction365Golovnin6–7Hibiya Incendiary57, 74High Treason175Ishido132Manchurian155, 171, 201, 202, 204, 207, 218, 456Matsukawa324Mitaka324Murav’ev-Amurskiĭ12–13Nikolaevsk124, 128, 144–46, 148, 157, 183Nomonhan201, 209, 210, 232Shimoyama324Toshiba-Kongsberg447Tsushima12, 13–14, 16Uda162InstitutesAll-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine (R: Vsesoyuznyĭ institut ėksperimental’noĭ meditsiny)225Harbin171, 316Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)444–45, 448, 453Research Institute for Peace and Security (RIPS; J: Heiwa Anzen Hoshō Kenkyūjo)446Ioffe, Adol’f Abramovich180, 181“island empire” (J: shima teikoku)85IslandsAleutian23, 24, 25, 561Diaoyu (J: Senkaku)466, 526, 545, 562, 574Dokdo (J: Takeshima)526, 528, 531, 561, 562, 563, 574Formosa (Taiwan)110, 378, 381Hawaiian27KurileChishima3, 381, 421, 522, 585, 587, 588, 589Northern Kuriles249, 255, 278, 587Southern Kuriles24, 287, 358, 361, 363, 377, 381, 386, 389, 404, 421, 433, 436, 459, 473, 499, 503, 510, 512, 517, 522, 524, 537, 538, 539, 540, 543, 559, 560, 562, 566, 574, 577, 578, 579, 583, 587, 588, 589, 590, 598Mariana291Northern TerritoriesOgasawara (Bonin)358, 360, 364, 365, 368, 383, 560, 565Paracel (Xisha)381, 562, 574Pescadores358, 378, 381Ryukyu5, 358, 360, 364, 388, 569, 570Spratly (Nansha)381, 562, 565, 574Tsushima13, 109Zhenbao (Damanskiĭ)403, 425Itō Hirobumi14, 48, 52, 53, 66, 88Iwakura Mission12, 13–14, 16, 37Izvol’skiĭ, Aleksandr Petrovich88, 90, 103, 105, 108Japan-Russia Youth Exchange Center (J: Nichiro Seinen Kōryū Sentā; R: Yapono-Rossiĭskogo Tsentra molodezhnykh obmenov)518Japanese-Russian Friendship Forum (J: Nichiro Yūko Foramu)517kabuki172, 173, 191Kabuki Theater (Kabuki-za)156, 191, 194Kaifu Toshiki391, 443, 445, 451, 452, 455, 466, 495, 499, 512, 573, 594kai no sekai (cultural center vs. barbarian periphery)19Kamchatka5, 7, 8, 15, 18, 21, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 35, 158, 159, 160, 559, 580, 587Kantokuen261, 262, 263Karakhan, Lev Mikhaĭlovich181, 182, 186, 188, 189, 193, 203, 220, 221, 226Kenpeitai (Military Police Corps)316KGBCommittees: KGBKhvostov, Nikolaĭ Aleksandrovich5, 6–7, 8, 16, 28, 29, 30, 579Kishi Nobusuke367, 368, 370, 395, 421, 446kokutai (“national body”)155, 175, 177Kolchak, Aleksandr Vasil’evich140, 142–44, 147kōmōjin (“Red-haired Barbarians”)19Komura Diplomacy (J: Komura gaikō)58Komura Jutarō48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 60, 71, 72, 73, 88, 89, 91, 98, 278Kōno Ichirō362, 363, 366, 367, 387, 389, 591Konoe Fumimaro251, 252, 253, 306Kopp, Viktor Leont’evich184–90, 194Kozyrev, Andreĭ Vladimirovich451, 453, 485, 489, 501, 502, 503Kruzenshtern, Ivan Fedorovich27, 28, 32Laksman, Adam Kirillovich4, 26LawsLaw of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR (R: Ukaz Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR ot 19 aprelya 1943 goda)314Law on Paying Allowances to Unrepatriated Persons (J: Mifukuinsha kyūyohō)321Law on the Special Measures Promoting a Resolution of the Problem of the Northern Territories (J: Hoppō ryōdo mondai tō kaiketsu sokushin tokubetsu setchihō)437, 524, 543, 599Special Law on Payments to Unrepatriated Persons (J: Tokubetsu mikikansha kyūyohō)321Special Law on Postwar Forced Internees (J: Sengo kyōsei yokuryūsha ni kakaru mondai ni kansuru tokubetsu sochihō)330League of Nations203, 204, 205, 207, 224, 227, 228LettersHatoyama–Bulganin571Matsumoto–Gromyko366, 572Matsuoka–Molotov243Lozovskiĭ, Solomon Abramovich246, 251, 252, 275MacArthur, Douglas254, 255, 292, 337, 355, 356, 377, 378, 585Main Administration for Affairs of Prisoners of War and Internees (R: Glavnoe upravlenie po delam voennoplennykh i internirovannykh, GUPVI)309, 339Mamiya Rinzō7, 29ManchuriaManchukuo203, 207, 209, 221, 226, 228, 231, 233, 245, 249, 250, 253, 254, 307, 315, 329, 335, 336, 344Maritime Region Zemstvo Board (R: Primorskaya oblastnaya zemskaya uprava)147Matsumoto Shun’ichi361, 362, 363, 365, 380, 386, 387, 388, 571, 591Matsuoka Yōsuke203, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 243, 260Meetings/talksGorbachev–Ozawa475Hashimoto–Yeltsin509Hirota–Malik249–51Kaifu–Gorbachev497Katō–Loshukov496Kozyrev–Watanabe502Suzuki–Reagan437MemorandaKatsura–Taft57, 59Komura–Weber47Sypingai104Tōgō–Loshukov496Mensheviks147Mikoyan, Anastas Ivanovich359, 365, 368, 369, 404, 405, 421, 422MinistriesMinistry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF; J: Nōrin Suisanshō)192, 362, 366, 367, 387, 591Ministry of Economics, Trade, and Industry (METI; J: Keizai Sangyōshō)536Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation (R: Ministerstvo energetiki Rossiĭskoĭ Federatsii Ministerstvo ėkonomiki, torgovli i promyshlennosti Yaponii)536Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA; Japan) (Gaimushō)53, 54, 74, 87, 125, 127, 128, 177, 202, 203, 204, 205, 209, 211, 212, 222, 227, 324, 348, 389, 445, 446, 489, 504, 521, 530, 539, 540, 541, 544, 571, 584, 588, 595Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA; Russia) (Ministerstvo inostrannykh del Rossiĭskoĭ Federatsii, MID RF)103, 106, 107, 109, 110, 446, 453, 473, 525, 526, 540, 543, 593Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russia) (Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del, MVD)309, 339, 341, 342, 343, 346, 347, 546Ministry of State Security (R: Ministerstvo gosudarstvennoĭ bezopasnosti, MGB)347KGBMolotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaĭlovich210–14, 221, 224, 232, 242–47, 250, 264–66, 268, 271, 334–35, 359, 361, 392, 444Mongolia98, 124, 168, 209, 230, 232, 320, 322, 344, 380, 391, 392, 393, 394, 427, 447, 464, 500, 507, 525Inner93, 109, 110, 114, 212Mongolian People’s Republic (MPR)229, 232, 274, 281, 371Outer106, 108, 109, 110, 212, 213, 273, 274, 280, 281, 282, 392, 583MovementsCharity (J: Ai no Undō)321Democratic (J: Minshu Undō; R: Demokraticheskoe dvizhenie)312, 316, 317, 322, 323, 325, 326, 327, 329Student Social Science (J: Gakusei Shakai Kagaku Undō)179White Movement (R: Beloe dvizhenie)143, 144, 145, 146Murav’ev-Amurskiĭ, Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich12–13, 16, 32, 35Nagasaki4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 18, 20, 26, 27, 28, 33, 286, 335, 561Nakasone Yasuhiro326, 371, 437, 445, 446, 448, 460, 461, 463nanbanjin (“Southern Barbarians”)19National Rally of the Families of the Missing (J: Zenkoku Rusu Kazoku Taikai)322New Economic Policy (NEP; R: Novaya ėkonomicheskaya politika)158“new policy” (J: shin seisaku)182“New Political Thinking” (R: novoe politicheskoe myshlenie)443, 446, 459, 460–61, 463, 464, 478, 573, 594“New Thinking”“New Political Thinking”Nichiro geijutsu (Japanese-Russian Art)190Nihon shinbun317, 346Nikolaevsk-on-Amur (Nikolaevsk-na-Amure)122, 141, 145, 146, 147, 1571955 System (J: Gojūgonen taisei)359–66, 385, 446, 568, 570–72, 573Northern Territorieshoppō ryōdo289, 363, 404, 446, 466, 506, 543, 589“indigenous territories” (J: koyū no ryōdo)543, 598, 599Northern Territories Day (J: hoppō ryōdo no hi)436, 444, 526, 594Northern Territories problem (J: hoppō ryōdo mondai)465, 557, 558, 577territorial problem (J: ryōdo mondai; R: teritorialnaya problema)15, 389, 421, 426–28, 433, 434, 436, 443, 461–65, 469–73, 474, 477, 485, 494, 499, 501–5, 506–8, 510, 516, 528, 538, 565, 572, 573, 574, 577, 580, 586, 592, 594, 595Islands: Kurile, and Laws: Law on the Special Measures Promoting a Resolution of the Problem of the Northern TerritoriesObuchi Keizō491, 492–94, 497, 510, 513, 518, 549, 595O’Conroy, Taid223Oil development projectsTiumen411Western Siberian411Okinawa358, 360, 363, 364, 365, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 383, 388, 427, 494, 525, 532, 536, 560, 562, 565, 568, 569, 570, 574, 590Islands: RyukyuOpium Wars14, 32OrganizationsNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)483, 490, 491, 501Russian-Japanese Trade and Investment Promotion (J: Nichiro Bōeki to Tōshi Sokushin Dantai)516World Trade Organization (WTO)490, 542Osaka International Trade Fair (J: Ōsaka Bankoku Hakurankai)390PactsJapanese-Soviet Non-aggression201–5, 209, 210, 212Japanese-Soviet Neutrality (R: Pakt o neĭtralitete mezhdu SSSR i Yaponieĭ J: Nissō chūritsu jōyaku) 201, 208–16, 241, 243, 245, 246–47, 253, 259–66, 268–72, 274, 277, 294, 305, 334, 335, 526, 581–82Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact (German-Soviet Non-aggression Pact)233Tripartite Pact211, 212, 213, 215, 259, 260passive policy (J: judo seisaku)181PeninsulasKamchakta21, 193Kwantung72, 73Liaodong46, 56, 64, 65, 66, 101People’s CommissariatsPeople’s Commissariat of Defense (R: Narodnyĭ komissariat oborony, NKO)339People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs (R: Narodnyĭ komissariat po inostrannym delam, NKID)184, 191, 232, 265People’s Commissariat for Heavy Industry (R: Narodnyĭ komissariat tyazhëloĭ promyshlennosti, NKTP); People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs (R: Narodnyĭ komissariat vnutrennikh del, NKVD)218, 222, 340, 343, 344Ministries: Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russia)People’s Republic of China (PRC; C: Zhonghua renmin gongheguo)343, 356, 357, 358, 366, 403, 407, 408, 411, 412, 415, 563, 585perestroika315, 338, 443, 446–51, 457, 459, 462–64, 469PipelinesAngarsk–Daquing541Angarsk–Nakhodka541Plans500-Day (R: 500 dneĭ)452Five-Stage Solution (J: godankai kaiketsuan; R: pyatiėtapnyĭ plan resheniya problemy)451, 471, 472Hashimoto-Yeltsin Economic Cooperation491, 508, 516, 547Imperial National Defense Plan (J: Teikoku kokubō hōshin)86, 87, 89, 97, 100, 102, 207Marshall294Ribbentrop213, 214Politburo159, 167, 184, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 192, 194, 230, 365, 386, 426, 444, 445, 448, 452, 462Political partiesCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU; Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovestkogo Soyuza)403, 407, 408, 443Japanese Communist Party (JCP; Nihon Kyōsantō)156, 175–77, 193, 194, 312, 317, 322, 323, 324, 325, 328, 329, 346, 356, 376, 381, 444, 446, 449, 454Keiseikai469Kenseikai181, 191Kochikai468Kōdōha203, 206, 207Kuomintang168, 188, 260, 273, 282, 285, 286, 356, 357Liberal Democratic Party (LDP; J: Jiyū Minshutō)329, 362, 365, 424, 445, 468, 472, 475, 476, 488, 490, 525, 540, 570Rikken Seiyūkai191, 207Russian Communist Party,Bolsheviks; Seiwakai445Shakaitō328Socialist-Revolutionary Party (R: Partiya sotsialistov-revolyutsionerov, PSR)147Polo, Marco18Port Arthur (Lushunkou)46, 47, 49, 51, 55, 57, 65, 66, 68, 71, 72, 74, 75, 85, 101, 246, 249, 271, 273, 274, 281, 282, 291Potsdam Proclamation252, 253, 256Primakov, Evgeniĭ Maksimovich338, 489, 490Primor’e (Primorye)33, 34, 37, 122, 127, 131, 140, 146–48, 156, 158, 169, 171, 184, 229, 231, 272ProposalsKawana492–93, 495, 497, 509, 510, 512Krasnoyarsk509Moscow509, 510, 511Nakayama497Protocol on Mutual Assistance with the Mongolian People’s Republic (R: Protokol o vzaimopomoshchi mezhdu SSSR i Mongolieĭ)229Provisional All-Russian Government (R: Vremennoe vserossiĭskoe pravitel’stvo)142Putin, Vladimir Vladimirovichxvii, 477, 483, 493–97, 511, 512, 516, 521, 522, 523, 529–30, 532, 536–37, 541–44, 547–48, 596–99Mori-Putin Irkutsk Statement484Putyatin, Evfimiĭ Vasil’evichxi, 9–10, 13, 19, 32–34, 471, 580Pyongyang356, 365Qing dynasty20, 87, 90, 91, 109Rail linesBaikal–Amur (BAM)411, 431BAM–Tynda–Berkakit431Chinese Eastern Railway (CER; C: Dongqing tielu; R: Kitaĭsko Vostochnaya zheleznaya doroga, KVZHD)46, 72, 73, 85, 96, 101, 107, 112, 113, 139, 140, 141, 143, 155, 166, 167, 169, 179, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 194, 205, 206, 207, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 225, 226, 228, 273, 282Harbin–Changchun112Hsinmintun–Fakumen60Manchukuo344South Manchurian Railway (SMR)57, 60, 72, 73, 113, 155Taonan–Qiqihar186Transbaikal143, 229, 347Trans-Siberian Railway46, 54, 63, 64, 128, 131, 139, 140rangaku14, 26Rezanov, Nikolaĭ Petrovich4–5, 27–29RiversAmur12, 124, 125, 141, 145, 344Khalkhin Gol River232Battles: Khalkhin Gol RiverNeva29Nomonhan315Songhua96, 112Tumen (Tumannaya)67Yalu66, 67Russian cultural invasion (J: bunka rokō)6Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR; R: Rossiĭskaya Sovetskaya Federatiivnaya Sotsialistiicheskaya Respublika)137, 144, 148, 179, 180, 281, 472Sakai Partnership (J: Sakai Kumiai)230sakoku (closed country)3, 18, 20, 24, 45Satō Eisaku367, 370, 371, 372, 373, 391, 407, 423, 425–27Schoolsof the Japan-Russia Association (J: Nichiro Kyōkai Gakkō)171MOFA Russian448, 452“separate labor battalions” (R: otdel’niĭ rabochiĭ batal’on [voennoplennyh i internirovannyh], ORB)338, 347Seven Professors (J: shichi hakase)56Shevardnadze, Edward (Eduard) Amvrosievich444, 445, 449, 450, 452, 453, 461, 462, 464, 469, 470, 473Shigemitsu Mamoru208, 231, 243, 244–46, 361, 362, 364, 386–89, 394, 395, 568, 570, 590Shimoda Takesō362, 363, 370, 371shinpai (trade license)26ShipsAdmiral Kornilov515Admiral Vinogradov515Archangel Michael (Arkhangel Mikhail)22, 23Avos (Avos’)28, 29Diana6, 7, 11, 30, 33Dzhigit34Heda11, 33, 34Hōjunmaru25Juno (Yunona)28, 29Kanzemaru7Morrison28Nadezhda27, 28Neva27Pallada19, 33Posadnik13Saint Gabriel (Svyatoĭ Gavriil)22, 23Saint Paul (Svyatoĭ Pavel)22Saint Peter (Svyatoĭ Petr)22SS Minnesota54Wakashiomaru25SocietiesAll-Union Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries (R: Vsesoyuznoe obshchestvo kul’turnoĭ svyazi s zagranitseĭ, VOKS)174, 191, 218, 225, 227, 228International Society for Promotion of International Culture (ISPC; J: Kokusai Bunka Shinkōkai, KBS)227Japanese-Soviet Art Society (J: Nichiro Geijutsu Kyōkai)190Japanese-Soviet Cultural Society (J: Nisso Bunka Kyōkai)190Society of Friends of Entrepreneurs (J: Shōyūkai)132Society of Japanese Residents (J: Nihonjin Kyoryūminkai)125, 128, 132, 133, 134Vladivostok Society of (Japanese) Residents (J: Urajiosutoku Kyoryūminkai)125, 130, 131, 132, 133Value-Creating Society (J: Sōka Gakkai)448Sorge, Richard229Spanberg, Martin (Martyn Petrovich Shpanberg)22, 578Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich (Iosif Vissarionovich)x, xx, 169, 186, 188, 214, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223–24, 225, 227, 229, 246, 251, 255, 259, 264, 266, 268–74, 275–77, 279–80, 282, 285, 286, 287, 288–89, 294, 306, 316, 334, 336, 337, 345, 346, 356, 357, 358, 359, 376–77, 379, 382, 419, 448–49, 456–57, 526, 559, 584StatementsSoviet-Japanese Joint Statement (of October 10) (R: Sovmestnoe sovetsko-yaponskoe zayavlenie o vizite prem’er-ministra Yaponii v SSSR 10 oktyabrya; J: Nisso kyōdō seimei)409, 412, 596Irkutsk Statement484, 496, 522, 537, 538, 596SummitsAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)491, 495, 523, 529, 532, 537, 538, 545East Asia (EAS)532, 545Geneva361G7487, 489, 491G8492, 493, 494, 504, 507, 523, 536, 550Krasnoyarsk573Malta466NATO490Okinawa494Reykjavik447Tokyo506Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers Instruction Note (SCAPIN)No. 677292, 560, 585No. 822291No. 927291No. 1421291Tanaka Kakuei391, 407, 409–10, 416, 427, 428, 429, 456, 573, 593Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (R: Telegrafnoe agentstvo sovetskogo soyuza, TASS)218, 311, 323, 325Three Centers of Imperialism (R: Tritsentry imperializma)446Tōgō Shigenori204, 210, 232, 242, 243, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253Transbaikal20, 103, 139, 140, 141, 144, 145, 146, 156, 306, 335, 339, 340TreatiesAlaska Purchase37Anglo-Japanese Friendship (J: Nichiei washin jōyaku)25Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation (J: Nichiei tsūshō kōkai jōyaku)85Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABMT)514Border (J: Kokkyo jōyaku; R: Dogovor o granitse)510, 580, 581, 589Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)514Franco-Japanese59Japan-Korean88, 89Japan-US Treaty of Commerce and Navigation (J: Nichibei tsūshō kōkai jōyaku)85Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)514North Atlantic376San Francisco Peace326, 329, 360, 364, 369, 381, 384, 387, 421, 437, 471, 497, 557, 561, 562, 564, 565, 568, 569, 570, 574, 577, 583, 585, 586, 587, 590, 591, 598Shimonoseki Peace Treaty (J: Shimonoseki jōyaku)46Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship (J: Nihonkoku to chūka jinmin kyōwakoku to no aida no heiwa yūkō jōyaku; C: Zhonghua renmin gongheguo he ribenguo heping youhao tiaoyue)411–12, 415, 416, 435, 444Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance (C: Zhong youhao tongmeng huzhu tiaoyue; R: Sovestko-Kitaĭskiĭ dogovor o ruzhbe, soyuze i vzaimnoĭ pomoshchi)356, 561Treaty of Aigun12, 37Treaty of Brest-Litovsk137, 138Treaty of Edo (Treaty of Amity and Commerce) (J: Nichibei shūkō tsūshō jōyaku; R: Rossiĭsko-yaponskiĭ dogovor o druzhbe i torgovle [Ėdosskiĭ dogovor])11, 12, 14, 34, 36Treaty of Kanagawa11, 33Treaty of Kyakhta281Treaty of Nanking32Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Cooperation (J: Heiwa yūko kyōroku kyōyaku; R: Dogovor o mire, druzhbe i sotrudnichestve)510, 511Treaty of Portsmouth (also Portsmouth Peace Treaty)60, 71–74, 83, 84, 87, 98, 101, 103, 182, 279, 557, 581, 585Treaty of Shimoda (J: Nichiro washin jōyaku, R: Simodskiĭ traktat) (also Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Between Japan and Russia, J: Nichiro shūkō tsūshō jōyaku; R: Rossiĭsko-yaponskiĭ dogovor o druzhbe, i torgovle i granitsakh)9, 10–11, 14, 33, 36, 278, 436, 557, 580, 581, 588, 589, 594;formally Treaty of Commerce, Navigation, and Delimitation Between Japan and Russia9, 436, 471, 522, 557Treaty of St. Petersburg (R: Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ dogovor 1875 goda) (also Treaty of the Exchange of Sakhalin for the Kurile Islands, J: Karafuto/Chishima kōkan jōyaku)xi, xx, 12, 14–15, 35, 37, 557, 580Treaty of Tianjin37unequal treaties12, 14, 36, 45, 85US-Japan Security Treaty (Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan) (J: Nihon koku to Amerika gasshūkoku to no aida no ōgo kyōryoku oyobi anzen hoshō jōyaku)358, 364, 368, 369, 372, 395, 404, 406, 416, 419, 462, 478, 545, 562, 593TribunalsInternational Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE)266, 314, 344TokyoKhabarovsk Military314Tokyo272, 314, 343–45Triple Entente59, 94Triple Intervention46, 47, 90, 97Tryapitsyn, Yakov Ivanovich145, 146Twenty-One Demands (J. taika nijūichijō yōkyū; C. ershiyi tiao)111“Two Islands-Plus-Alpha” (J: 2+arufua)448Two Islands Return Thesis (J: nitō henkan ron)/“Two Islands Return”566, 568, 574“Two-Plus-Two” (J: ni purasu ni)475, 530, 539, 544, 546Unions (political parties/polities)Russian Monarchist (R: Russkaya monarkhicheskaya partiya)102Socialist Union of Japan (J: Nihon Kaishashugi Dōmei)175Union of the Archangel Michael (R: Soyuz mikhaila Arkhangela)102Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR; Soiuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik)267, 281, 355, 390, 434, 572, 592, 594Union of the Russian People (R: Soyuz russkogo naroda)102Unions (working groups)Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (R: Rossiĭskiĭ soyuz promyshlennikov i predprinimateleĭ, RSPP)475Unit 731314, 345US Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)463Vladivostok34, 56, 66, 113, 122, 123, 124, 125, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 137, 138, 139, 140, 142, 143, 147, 148, 166, 176, 226, 345, 447, 515, 532, 544, 547, 548, 550Vsevolod Meĭerhol’d (Meyerhold) Theater191WarsCrimean10, 11, 36, 45Korean325, 356, 357, 359, 377, 561, 563Russo-Japanese16, 45–62, 63, 75, 84, 85, 87, 88, 90, 97, 98, 101, 103, 106, 110, 111, 114, 115, 121, 125, 126, 128–31, 137, 166, 182, 218, 223, 246, 251, 348, 456, 557, 581, 583Sino-Japanese46, 59, 64, 84, 88Washington System183Witte, Sergeĭ Iul’evich50, 54, 64, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72–74, 104, 278Yakutia18, 410, 544South Yakutia Coalmine Development Project410, 414, 430–31Yanson, Yakov Davidovich (Karl Emanuel Jansson)176Yeltsin (El’tsin), Boris Nikolaevich451, 452, 453, 454, 456, 469, 471–72, 475, 477, 483, 486–90, 492–93, 495–97, 499, 502–5, 507, 509, 510, 513, 518, 573, 595, 596Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk516, 539, 548, 598Zhongguo (Middle Kingdom)19

A History of Russo-Japanese Relations

Over Two Centuries of Cooperation and Competition

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