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IndexAckerknecht, Erwin9Adrian, Edgar D.157, 165, 167Afzelius, Ivar48, 50Agrawal, Ajay195Agre, Peter175Akerman, Jules126Alkarp, Magnus72Antoni, Nils135Arrhenius, Svante44, 45, 48, 49, 49n, 50, 53, 99, 101, 112, 117, 118, 118nArthus, Maurice106Asher, Leon107Auer, John103, 106, 107Avery, Oswald30Axelrod, Julius167Azoulay, Pierre195Bacq, Zénon M.147Baltimore, David33, 178nBanting, Frederick123nBárány, Robert123nBarthes, Roland143Bartlett, John R.33Barton, Derek H.192Bataillon, Eugene107, 114Beck, Carl126Beck, Claude S.128, 129nBehring, Emil von9, 19, 24, 83, 8688, 99, 103Békésy, Georg von158Beneden, Édouard van110Bennett, Max R.147Berndt, Alfred62, 63nBernhard, Carl G.152, 153, 156, 156n, 161, 162Bernheim, Alice124Bertrand, Albert134Bethe, Albrecht105, 107Bier, August65, 115, 124Billroth, Theodor128, 128nBinnig, Gerd23Bishop, Peter O.154, 155, 155n, 161, 162Björk, Ragnar116Black, James28, 86, 177, 201Blalock, Alfred124, 128, 129, 136Blumer, George107Bluntschli, Hans107Boberg, Ferdinand43, 48Bohr, Niels53, 71Boltzmann, Ludwig101Böök, Fredrik6165, 67, 68, 7174Borck, Cornelius148, 169, 170Bordet, Jules59, 115Borlaug, Norman81nBottazzi, Filippo107Bourdieu, Pierre4, 35Boveri, Theodor110, 111Bovet, Daniel167Boyd Orr, John81nBoyle, Willard17Brachet, Albert107Brandt, Allan89Brannigan, Augustine31Branting, Fred33Branting, Hjalmar48Brock, Russel128, 151Brooks, Chandler McC.150nBrotherston, John H. F.154Brücke, Franz-Theodor von152Bucchi, Massimiano117n, 161Bud, Robert85Burnet, Frank McFarlane85, 156Butenandt, Adolf67Cajal, Santiago Ramon y115, 166, 169Campbell, William86, 90Carlsson, Gottfrid65Carrel, Alexis27, 32, 33, 100, 103, 104, 107, 123, 126, 127, 132, 133Carrol, James97Carson, Rachel29Carter, H.115Casey, Brian P.169Casta, Laetitia178–180,182Caullery, Maurice107Chain, Ernst84Cone, William125Cori, Carl21Cori, Gerty21Cormack, Allan M.23Cournand, André F.22Crafoord, Clarence128Cramér, Harald88Crawford, Elisabeth19Crick, Francis C.23, 159Croft, Simon90, 91Curie, Marie33Cushing, Harvey124, 125, 133136Dale, Henry H.10, 145, 147, 150, 158, 159, 161163, 166, 167, 169Damadian, Raymond V.30Davidsson, David51, 51nDe Sio, Fabio98DeBakey, Michael130, 131, 131nDelage, Yves106, 113, 114Dirac, Paul53Dogiel, Alexandre S.107Doherty, Peter89Dollinger, Julius107Domagk, Gerhard28, 67, 70, 84Dücker, Burckhard6Duffin, Jacalyn34n, 83, 124, 162, 163Dulbecco, Renato10, 175, 177186Dunant, Henry81nDurkheim, Émile35Eccles, John C.10, 98, 143170Edwards, Robert26Effler, Donald130, 132Ehrlich, Paul23, 24, 83, 84, 87, 99, 101, 115, 143Eijkman, Christiaan25, 115Einthoven, Willem22, 115, 136Einstein, Albert53, 71Elion, Gertrude28, 85, 201Enders, John89Euler-Chelpin, Hans von6574Euler-Chelpin, Ulf von152, 159, 159n, 167Ewald, Julius Richard103, 105109, 118Farmer, Paul81, 92Fatt, Paul149, 156Favaloro, René130132Fazio, Fabio178183, 186Feldman, William88Felix, Wolfgang108Fenner, Frank89Fibiger, Johannes24Fick, Adolf100Fischer, Emil11, 115Fleck, Ludwik3, 5, 21Fleming, Alexander84, 85, 123nFlexner, Simon103, 106, 107, 113, 117nFinlay, Carlos J.115Flint, Joseph M.107Florey, Howard84Forbes, Alexander150nForssmann, Werner22, 123nFracastoro, Girolamo24Fracci, Carla178Franklin, Rosalind23, 30Franqué, O. von107Freeman, LM129Freud, Sigmund30Friedman, Robert M.47, 135Frisch, Karl von29Fulton, John F.133Funk, Casimir25, 30Gajdusek, D. Carleton33Galeotti, Gino107Galilei, Galileo181, 181nGarfield, Eugene E.168n, 192Garten, Siegfried107Gasser, Herbert S.167Gaule, Justus103, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111nGell-Mann, Murray192Gellhorn, Ernst152, 160Gellman, Jerome35Gérard, Pol107Gerard, Ralph W.150nGibbon, John128, 129Gibson, William C.169Goebbels, Josef71Goetz, Robert130132Goffman, Erving3Golgi, Camillo22, 115, 167, 169Goltz, Friedrich100, 103, 105Göring, Hermann63, 67, 68, 73Grafström, Sven66, 73Graham, Evarts128Granit, Ragnar151154, 157, 157n, 159162, 167Greene, Jeremy89Greyser, Stephen39, 40Grmek, Mirko25Gross, Robert128Grosz, Emile de107, 111Gullstrand, Allvar22, 123nGurdon, John192Gütt, Arthur66Gutzmann, Hermann115Haber, Fritz59Hack, Margherita185Hahn, Otto54Halsted, William124Hamburger, Hartog J.106Hammarsten, Einar55Harrison, Ross G.100, 114, 115Hartline, Haldan K.156, 157, 157n, 161Hedin, Sven6568, 72, 72nHeisenberg, Werner53, 71Helmholtz, Hermann von102Henderson, Rebecca195Henschen, Folke67Henschen, Salomon E.51Hertel, Ernst107Hertwig, Oscar110113Hertwig, Richard110, 112, 113, 114, 116Hess, Walter R.123n, 156Hezel, Michael203Hinshaw, Corwin88Hippocrates24, 33Hitchings, George28, 85, 201Hitler, Adolf8, 26, 6063, 6574Hodgkin, Alan L.144, 149, 149n, 151154, 156162, 167, 168Hodgkin, Dorothy23Hoffmann, Paul151, 160Hofmeister, Franz105, 107Holmgren, Emil109111Holmgren, Israel67, 67nHorsley, Victor115, 124, 133, 133n, 134Hounsfield, Godfrey N.23Hubel, David H.167Huggins, Charles123nHuisman, Frank11Humboldt, Alexander von60Huxley, Andrew F.144, 149, 153, 154, 156160, 162, 167Ingram, Walter R.134Jacob, François32Johansson, Johan E.49, 50, 51, 51n, 109, 113, 115, 116, 189, 193, 194Jude, James R.128, 129nJung, Richard151Kandel, Eric32Katz, Bernhard145, 154, 156, 157, 167Kaufmann, Jacob108Kendrew, John23Kim, Jim92Kitasato, Shibasaburo30, 86Knickerbocker, Guy128, 129nKoch, Robert9, 19, 83, 85, 102Kocher, Theodor27, 115, 123, 124, 126, 133Köhler, Georges200Kollesov, Vasili130Koranyi, Alexander103, 103n, 106, 107, 112Kouwenhoven, William B.128, 129nKrebs, Hans21Krönig, Bernhard115Kruif, Paul de87nKuffler, Stephen W.154Kuhn, Richard67Kuhn, Thomas21, 23Laguesse, Edouard108Lammers, Hans H.63nLandsteiner, Karl28Lanz, Otto125Larsson, Ulf203Latour, Bruno4, 5Lauterbur, Paul C.23Laveran, Alphonse115Lawrence, Ernst53, 54Lederberg, Joshua89, 90Lenard, Philipp71Lennmalm, Frithiof115, 134Leriche, René124Lesch, John84Levene, Phoebus A.103, 105107, 113Liebermann, Leo von108Liljestrand, Göran50n, 54, 55, 98, 101, 104, 117Lillehei, Walt128Lillie, Ralph S.113, 114Lind, James25Lindgren, Astrid64Lindhagen, Carl51Lindqvist, Sune72Lindsten, Jan193, 194Lippert, Justus66Lister, Joseph123Lloyd, David P. C.146, 150, 150n, 156nLoeb, Jacques9, 10, 97119Loewi, Otto167Long, John H108Lorenz, Konrad29Lown, Bernard81Lubarsch, Otto108Lundborg, Herman65Luttenberger, Franz48, 134Mach, Ernst100Magee, Donald F.159, 160Magoun, Horace W.156Mall, Franklin P.102, 107Mansfield, Peter23Mao, Zedong33Marcus, Henry135Matthews, Albert P.114Marx, Karl35Maximow, Alexander A.108Maxwell, Samuel S.110Mayo, William123McCulloch, Warren S.150nMcIntyre, Archibald K.147n, 149n, 150nMedawar, Peter B.32, 156Meitner, Lise54Meltzer, Samuel J.105n, 106, 108Mendel, Gregor26Merton, Robert K.4, 31, 35, 97, 98, 143, 144n, 175, 176Mesnil, Felix107, 111Meyer, Hans H.108Meyerhof, Otto21, 119Michelson, Albert A.108, 111Milstein, César200Minot, George33Moniz, António E.27, 123, 133136Monod, Jacques32Montalcini, Rita L.111, 112, 176, 178, 179, 183, 185Moon, Sun Myung165Moore, Francis D.122Morgan, Thomas H.26, 114Mörner, Karl83, 87, 88, 109, 111, 112, 112n, 113Mühlhausen, Stefan11Müller, Erik109, 113115Müller, Friedrich von135Müller, Paul29Münsterberg, Hugo102, 105, 108, 118Murphy, John B.124, 136Murray, Gordon130Murray, Joseph B.28, 122, 123, 131Nash, John33Natta, Giulio177Neuberg, Carl116Neurath, Constantin von69Nilsson-Ehle, Herman65Nó, Rafel Lorente de150nNobel, Alfred1, 10, 33, 4042, 49, 52, 56, 60, 88, 102, 115, 125, 143, 178, 179, 188191Nobel, Emanuel52Nordin, Svante61, 62, 63, 64Norrby, Erling89, 152n, 156, 158n, 159Northrop, John H.119Ochsner, Albert J.123Odeberg, Hugo65Olivecrona, Karl64, 65Ōmura, Satoshi86, 90Orth, Johannes110Osborne, Oliver T.108Oseen, Carl Wilhelm8Ossietzky, Carl von62, 68, 71, 72Ostwald, Wilhelm101, 117Ostwald, Wolfgang101, 103nOverton, Ernest109, 115Palmquist, Åsa M.203Paulescu, Nicolai30Pauling, Linus23Pauly, Philip100Pavlov, Ivan P.108, 111, 143Payr, Erwin124, 132Penfield, Wilder125, 133, 134, 136Perutz, Max23Pfeiffer, Richard8Pfitzner, ?110Planck, Max53, 60, 191Popper, Karl R.146148, 150, 152, 163, 164, 164n, 166nPorter, Michael92Prusiner, Stanley89Quincke, Heinrich I.115Rathenau, Walther66Rauber, August108, 111Ravi, Swati203Redelmeier, Robert J.20, 34Reed, Walter97Reverdin, Jacques L.124Richards, Alfred N.108Richards, Dickinson W.22Richet, Charles R.102, 106, 107, 117Ringertz, Nils193, 194Ribbentrop, Joachim von70Robbins, Frederick C.89, 167Robinson, Edward G.87nRobson, Hugh N.156, 157, 160, 161Roentgen, Wilhelm Conrad22Rohrer, Heinrich23Rosenberg, Alfred61, 65Ross, Ronald9Roux, Émile30, 83n, 99, 111Roux, Wilhelm101, 109, 110, 112Ruska, Ernst23Rutherford, Ernest101Sabin, Albert89Sabin, Florence R.108Sabiston, David130, 131Salk, Jonas88, 89Sandler, Rickard70nSartre, Jean-Paul6Sauerbruch, Ferdinand65, 124Schamberg, Jay F.108Schatz, Albert30, 85n, 86Schrödinger, Erwin32, 53Schultze, Bernhard108Schweitzer, Albert81nSederholm, Henrik49, 50Senator, Hermann108Shakespeare, William5Shaw, Frank H.147Sherrington, Charles S.10, 106, 119, 144146, 150, 154, 155, 157, 160, 161, 164, 166169Siegbahn, Manne5355Smith, Alexander108, 111Smith, Theobald115Söderqvist, Thomas19Sperry, Roger32, 167Standen, Anthony32Stark, Johannes59, 71Steinman, Ralph M.19Stewart, William H.85nStieglitz, Julius103, 106, 107, 111Strahl, Hans108Strasburger, Eduard110Sundberg, Carl115Svartz, Nanna84Swain, Henry L.108Szentágothai, János152Tandler, Julius M.107Tangl, Franz107, 111Taussig, Helen B.124, 128, 129, 136Theorell, Hugo55Thomas, E. Donnall28Thucydides24Tinbergen, Nikolaas29Tiselius, Aarne159Tröhler, Ulrich126Udranszky, Ladislaus von105, 107Urde, Mats39, 40Verworn, Max110Virchow, Rudolf22, 87, 102Vries, Hugo de101Waksman, Selman29, 30, 85, 85n, 86, 88Wallenberg, Alice54Wallenberg, Knut54Warburg, Otto21Ward, Steven90, 91Wassermann, August von107, 111, 113Watson, James D.23, 159Weber, Max35Weinberg, Alvin8Weismann, August111Weismann, Friedrich110Weiss, Otto108Weller, Thomas89Whitley, Richard3, 5Whitteridge, David154, 161Widmalm, Sven31nWied, Viktor zu66, 6870, 73, 73nWiesel, Torsten N.167Wilkins, Maurice H. F.159Winterstein, Hans108Wood, Stephanie203Wundt, Wilhelm102Yamanaka, Shinya192Youyou, Tu86, 90Zuckerman, Harriet19, 176Zuntz, Nathan100, 101, 106, 108Zunz, Edgard108