Index

Abiodun, Rowland O. 45n, 72
acetylcholine 168
action 11, 14, 52, 60, 75, 81, 82, 86, 88–90, 99, 120, 126–128, 132–134, 137, 139–144, 156, 168, 185, 190, 207, 217–218, 223, 229, 252–256, 259, 262, 264
causally opaque 10, 12
communicative 142
expressive 210
functional 12, 264
impious 234
parsing 264–265
ritualized 167
social 262n
stipulated 141
adaptive
function 127, 259
problems 126, 136
value 136
adjuration 183n, 186, 190, 194, 196
Adolphs, Ralph 149
Africa 1, 42n, 45–46, 61, 67, 68, 89, 154, 233n
agency 1, 14, 16, 85, 86n, 144n, 238, 240, 260–261
displacement of 11–12
superhuman 13, 15, 87, 89, 90, 99, 119, 143
Albinus, Lars 17, 81, 100, 103, 205
alektryonomancy 78
Alessi, Paul T. 238n, 242
aleuromancy 78, 106
Allony, Nehemiah 191n, 199
aminergic dominance 163
Amor 231–234
amulet 108n, 111, 115, 184n, 216, 240, 263
ancestor 32, 84n, 124,128, 140, 145, 266
Andersen, Lene 66n, 70
Andersen, Marc 144n, 146, 261n, 268
Anderson, Benedict 268
Anderson, D. Eric 158–159, 172
Andresen, Jensine 162, 170
anecdote 66, 253
angel 8, 92n, 185n, 186, 188, 193, 197
animatism 247
animism 138, 167, 247
Antiquity 3, 14, 15, 47, 48, 52, 56, 74n, 76n, 77–79, 90–91, 93n, 96, 99, 108, 171,180, 184, 186n, 188, 194, 207, 228
anthropology 1–3, 8, 9, 17, 124, 125, 134, 205, 213, 217, 247, 248, 250, 256
Annus, Amar 42n, 70
Ansfield, Matthew 172
Aramaic 179, 180, 181, 182n, 191, 193, 196, 198
archaism 254
Arias, Rosario M. 144, 146
Aristophanes 14, 32, 92
Aristotle 37, 38, 39–40, 106
Asia 51, 77n, 116, 154, 156
Asprem, Egil 246, 268
astragalomantics 77, 93
astrology 57, 68, 107, 108, 144
astronomy 26, 35–36, 107, 108
Atance, Christina M. 85, 100
Atran, Scott 85n, 100, 137, 146, 249n, 269
attention 7, 11, 84, 94, 136, 158, 163, 219, 261, 263, 264–265
Augustine 14, 95–98
Austin, James 162, 163, 166, 167, 168, 172
Austin, John L. 6n
authority 13, 18, 29, 47, 59, 63, 65, 67, 69, 89, 90, 91, 111, 120, 133, 135, 140, 146, 169
ayahuasca 167
Azande / Zande 1, 2n, 9, 10, 12, 137, 138, 156, 266
Babalawo 45
Babylonian Talmud 188
Bailey, Michael D. 118, 120
Baillargeon, Renée 146
Baird, Jodie A. 260, 269
Baldwin, Dare A. 260, 269
Balle-Petersen, Margaretha 42n, 70
balkanization 80n
Banausia 31
Bar, Moshe 85n, 100
Barrett, H. Clark 126, 147, 259n, 269
Barrett, Justin L. 84n, 100, 137, 146, 261n, 269
Barton, Carlin A. 2n, 19
Bascom, William 45n, 71
Baunvig, Katrine F. 262n, 269
Beller, Sieghard 261, 269
Beltane Fire Festival 221
Benayahu, Meir 193n, 199
Benavides, Gustavo 172, 173
Bender, Andreas 261, 269
benedanti 157
Bennett, Alva Walter 232n, 242
Ben-Sasson, Menahem 194n, 195n, 199
Bergstrom, Brian 128, 146
Bering, Jesse 130, 137, 146, 249n, 269
Bersabe, Rosa 144, 146
Bever, Edward 16, 153, 157, 158, 160, 161, 169, 171, 173
Betz, Hans Dieter 92n, 100, 185n, 186n, 199
bibliomantics 76
binding 230, 237n, 238
Bokonon 45, 46
bioelectric activity 162, 163, 164, 166, 170
Blacker, Carmen 42n, 72
Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne 259, 269
Blänsdorf, Jürgen 228n, 242
Blau, Joshua 188n, 199
Blau, Ludwig 187n, 200
Blofeld, John 44, 71
Bobonich, Christopher 25n, 40
Boer, Jelle Z. de 71
Bohak, Gideon 16–17, 178, 179n, 180n, 185n, 187n, 189n, 190, 192, 194n, 195n, 198n, 200, 252
Bolte, Johannes 77, 100
Bonamente, Giorgio 240n, 242
Booth, Joan 232, 242
Bonnechere, Pierre 106, 120
Börner Klein, Dagmar 196n, 200
Bos, Gerrit 192n, 200
Bouché-Leclerq, Auguste 76, 77, 100
Boyarin, Daniel 2n, 19
Boyer, Pascal 7, 19, 86n, 100, 118, 120, 124, 125, 126, 127, 129, 130, 136, 137, 138, 139, 141, 146, 147, 249, 253, 256, 258, 259, 260, 263, 264, 269
brain 129, 157, 161, 162–163, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171
Bremmer, Jan N. 73, 77n, 100
Brown, Peter 260, 267, 269
Brusewitz, Göran 175
Buber, Salomon 196, 201
Bulbulia, Joseph 270, 271
Burkan, Tolly 169, 173
Burkert, Walter 77n, 100
Burnet, John 25n, 40
burning in effigy 216–217
Buschardt, Leo 50, 71
Buttimore, R. A 232n, 233n, 243
Chajes, Jeffrey H. 190, 201
Cairns, Francis 230n, 232n, 233n, 234, 237n, 242
Cairns, Huntington 40
Cairo Genizah 178, 179, 189, 191, 194, 195n, 196
Callow, John 156, 173
Camps, W. A. 233n, 242
Canon 63, 83, 87, 187
canonisation 87, 88, 91
Caquot, André 42n, 71
Carey, Susan 259, 271
category 1–10, 30, 32, 80, 124, 144, 171, 184, 246, 248, 249, 255n, 260, 262
analytical 8
auxiliary 8
central 3, 8
communicative function of 9
contested 3–4, 6, 249
explanatory 256
first-order 4, 5, 6
local 1, 4
new 5, 7
obsolete 2, 5
of understanding 254n, 256
second-order 4, 5, 6, 252n
social 115, 139, 253, 257, 258
synthetic 9, 249
third-order 4, 5, 6, 11, 76
causal 39, 129, 217, 247, 258, 262
expectations 141, 260
knowledge 12, 129, 130, 260
opaqueness 10, 12, 264
principles 133, 208, 214, 248, 256, 259, 260
reasoning 85, 129, 131
relation 86n, 107, 127, 129, 130, 133, 141, 208, 214, 250, 264
representation 87, 129, 131, 259, 261
schema 130, 264–265
underdetermination 141, 143
violation 133, 137
causality 18, 87, 133, 214, 259, 260, 261, 262
theories of 18, 259–261
chance 14, 44, 60, 76, 79, 80, 84n, 85n, 86, 87, 89, 90, 98, 100, 106, 107, 118
Chanton, Jeffrey P. 71
chaos 50, 53–56, 62
charisma 168, 253
Chavers, Ronald 164, 173
Cherniss, Harold F. 26, 40
chiromancy 131
chickens, holy 41
cholinergic dominance 163
Christianity 15, 107–112, 116, 118, 120
Churchill, Winston S. 14, 82–86, 88, 89, 90, 95, 97, 100
Clapham, Maria M. 144n, 150
Clark, Andy 129n, 147
Clack, Brian C. 206, 208, 209, 210, 212, 213, 223n, 225, 227
classification 56, 57, 184, 191, 248, 260;
collective 251, 262;
system of 44, 253, 256, 257
cledonomantics 96, 106, 110n
cleromancy 76, 106
Codrington, Robert H. 246, 256, 269
cognition 125, 133, 161, 166, 168, 261, 262, 268
cognitive 210
dispositions 82n, 131
mechanisms 85n, 125, 126, 127, 142, 144, 159, 258, 260, 264, 268
modules 165
processing 125, 126, 127, 129, 145, 168, 266, 268
psychology 220n, 268
science 11, 125, 129n, 248, 250, 259, 264
theories 18, 125, 130
Cohen, Emma 128, 139, 147
Colchis 235, 240
colonialism 2
communication 7, 14, 61, 86n, 127–129, 131, 133, 135, 140, 142, 160, 263
demonic 39
religious 33, 34, 38, 41, 107, 239, 240
symbolic 15
conditioning 130
consciousness 153–157, 159, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172
altered states of 16, 48, 153–155, 157, 161, 167, 171, 172
shamanic states of 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169,
waking 153, 154, 161, 162, 163, 166, 167, 168, 170, 171
contagion 134, 207, 216, 254
contingency 1, 75, 78, 79, 82, 98, 100
Cosmides, Leda 126, 128, 147, 150
Courcelle, Pierre 97, 101
Cramer, Frederick H. 107, 121
Cristofoli, Roberto 240n, 242
Cross, David 150
cross-cultural analysis 42n, 70, 171, 252
Crowley, Aleister 56–57, 63, 71
culture 2, 4, 6n, 24, 31, 61, 91, 120, 124, 141, 155, 184, 191, 197, 213, 217, 229, 247, 248, 256,
Cumont, Franz 107, 121
Cunningham, Graham 184n, 201
cunning folk 157, 158
Curry, Patrick 42n, 71
curse 4n, 6n, 136, 142, 161, 181n, 228, 229, 239, 241
Daimones 33–35, 39
Danforth, Loring M. 112, 115, 121
Danfulani, Umar H. D. 45n, 71
dao 14, 60, 64
d’Aquili, Eugene 175
dead 55, 106, 110, 155, 157, 164, 217, 237, 238, 240n
death 25, 49, 55, 68, 92n, 137, 156, 162, 164, 189, 216–217, 222, 237, 239
deception 4n, 128, 158
Decety, Jean 269
Defixio 230
demons 8, 38, 39, 40, 92n, 108, 179, 186, 197
Dennett, Daniel 119, 121
DePaulo, Bella 172
De Rios, Marlene 167, 173
devil 68, 116, 157, 253, 266
diagnosis 1, 10, 15, 16, 94, 116, 132, 134, 135, 167, 170, 219
Dickie, Matthew W. 230, 231n, 242
diffusionism 247
Dillon, John 26, 40
dissociation 157, 171
divination 10, 27, 31, 38, 41, 68, 77, 79, 106, 110, 118, 145, 171, 172
concept of 2–3, 8, 9, 23, 24, 70, 76, 124
critique of 32, 37, 107, 109
definition of 70, 82, 85n124, 124
Fa 45, 61–62
in fiction 75, 78
Greek 13, 15, 25, 38, 77n, 91, 92, 105
Ifa 13, 45, 67
irrationality of 28
and magic 2, 10–12, 82, 118, 124, 171, 185
mechanical 39, 130
and ritual 12, 16, 41, 75, 87, 135, 138, 139, 141, 142, 143, 146
rhetoric of 41, 43, 47, 59, 69
system of 42, 45, 46, 70, 131
divinatory
dreams 39, 113–114
knowledge 37, 106, 135, 136, 138, 146
power 36, 157
practice 14, 15, 16, 24, 44, 48, 60, 65, 69, 70, 78, 87, 88, 89, 91, 92, 93, 97, 99, 105, 108, 113, 115, 119, 124, 125, 126, 128, 131, 133, 134, 137, 141, 143, 145
signs 15, 44, 77, 99, 109, 125, 127, 129
techniques 13, 138, 140, 143, 159,
text 14, 69
diviners 14, 27, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 58, 59, 60, 68, 69, 78, 116, 119, 126, 136, 139, 140, 143, 144, 145, 146, 185n
Dodds, Eric R. 107, 121
domain 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 24, 80, 112, 126, 127, 137, 247, 251, 262, 267
-specific 126, 127, 141, 259, 260
doors 16, 32, 61, 62, 178, 180, 181, 183, 184, 187, 188, 190, 192, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198
dreams 36, 39, 40, 108, 113, 114, 117, 118, 166, 167, 236
prophetic 15, 106, 107, 110
Drury, Maurice O’C. 209, 210, 211, 213, 214, 227
Dubisch, Jill 111n, 121
Dumézil, Georges 41, 71
Dundes, Alan 116n, 121
Durkheim, Émile 251, 254n, 258, 264, 268, 270
dynamism 247
Eco, Umberto 74, 75, 78, 79, 89, 99, 101
ecstasy 48, 56, 63, 105, 168
EEG 163
Eidinow, Esther 69, 71, 101
Ekman, Paul 160, 173
elegy 229
Eliade, Mircea 124, 147
Ellis, Hadyn 173
Emanuel, Simcha 190, 195n, 201
emic and etic 4, 6n, 16, 17, 23, 76, 184, 185, 189, 190, 191
emotion(al) 17, 67, 157, 159, 160, 163, 166, 168, 208, 209, 224, 233, 263
empiricism 27, 254n
endorphin 163, 168, 170
Enquist, Per Olov 74, 88, 101
entity, authorial 75, 78, 79, 89, 99
entrainment 166
Enzle, Michael 144, 150
epinephrine 168
Epinomis 13, 23, 25–27, 29, 31, 35–39
epistrophe 160
Ernst, Gottlob 159, 173
essence / essentialism 7, 8, 9, 111, 139, 208, 251, 253, 256, 262
psychological 262
esoteric / esotericism 2, 56, 63, 68
Esther 196
ethnocentrism 6
Europe 42, 50, 53, 80, 85n, 109n, 116n, 154, 159, 171, 206, 221, 252n, 257
Evans-Pritchard, Edward E. 1, 2n, 10, 19, 137, 143, 147, 156, 161, 173, 249, 270
event segmentation 265
event-frame 16, 132, 133
evil eye 15, 105, 115–117
evolution 30, 246, 257
evolutionary 84n, 90, 126, 128, 207, 208, 213, 225, 261
psychology 136
evolutionism 3, 205, 247
evur 258
exaggeration, ritual 264, 265
exorcism 116, 266
exoticism 133, 254
explanation 16, 18, 38, 39, 40, 50, 51, 52, 54, 56, 85, 125, 134, 135, 142, 145, 163, 169, 195n, 207, 208, 209, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 218, 220, 222, 223, 226, 241, 247, 248, 249, 250, 258, 259, 261
scientific 17, 115, 205, 206, 207, 210, 219, 221
expressivism 17, 209, 210, 211, 213, 225
extension 5, 7, 68, 167
extraordinary
abilities 50, 124, 140, 153, 155, 172
agents 157
channels 141, 154, 258
feats 169
influences 154
knowledge 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 172
phenomena 169
power(s) 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 171, 172
processes 155
Fa 45, 46, 61, 62, 65
fallibilism 5
falsification 253
familiars 253
Faraone, Christopher 242
Faupel, Mark 175
Favret-Saada, Jeanne 137, 147
feast 264, 268n
Fedeli, Paolo 231, 233, 234n, 235n, 236n, 237n, 238, 239n, 240n, 242, 243
fiction(al) 4, 14, 52, 74, 75, 78, 79, 89, 99
Fillmore, Charles 132, 147
Finkelberg, Margalit 91, 101
fire-walking 15, 109, 112, 113, 169
Flacelière, Robert 105, 121
Flaherty, Gloria 154, 173
Flanagan, Owen 163, 173
flight 41, 106, 135, 154, 156, 159, 164
flight-fight response 168
Flor-Henry, Pierre 163, 164, 173
Flower, Michael A. 32, 40, 106, 121
Fontenrose, Joseph 52n, 66n, 71
force 12, 18, 250, 251, 254, 256, 257–259, 261–267
accumulation of 265, 266
demonic 40, 116, 266
hidden 246, 247, 258
social 246, 251, 253, 262–264
special / superhuman 10, 18, 24, 108, 155, 233, 253, 255, 257, 259, 263, 268
force-dynamics 250, 261, 262, 265–268
formal / formalism 7, 41, 115, 133, 254
Fox, Robin Lane 77, 101
Frankfurter, David 4, 6n, 19
fraud 169
Frazer, James G. 4n, 17, 81, 205–211, 213–222, 225–227, 246, 251, 254, 255, 270
Friedlaender, Israel 194n, 201
Friesen, Wallace 173
Friston, Karl J. 85n, 101, 260, 270
Frith, Chris D. 85n, 101, 128, 147, 260, 270
Frith, Uta 128, 147
frontal cortex 163
Fulkerson, Laurel 233n, 243
Fuller, Robert 166n, 173
Fung, Yu-lan 60, 71
Gager, John G. 184, 201
gambling 12, 144
Gaster, Moses 193, 201
gate 181, 182, 183, 193 195, 196
Geller, Markham J. 187, 201
Gelman, Susan 259n, 270
gender 241, 253
genealogy 3, 6, 240
gesture 64, 160, 161, 217, 218, 219, 220, 225, 254
gibberish 254
Gilbert, Daniel T. 128, 147
Ginzberg, Louis 196, 201
Ginzburg, Carlo 157, 173
glutamate 168
Goodman, Felicitas 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 174
Gopnik, Alison 128, 147
Gordon, Richard 228, 230n, 231, 240, 241, 242, 243
Gottowik, Volker 172, 174
Graeco-Roman 5, 6, 17, 77, 90, 91, 97n
Graf, Fritz 230n, 243
Grambo, Ronald 162, 166, 174
grass spell 157, 159
Green, James W. 111, 121
Greenfield, Richard P. H. 108, 121
Grene, David 32n, 40
Grice, Paul 128, 148
Günther, Hans-Christian 236n, 238n, 243
Guthrie, Stewart 82n, 84n, 101, 137, 148, 249n, 261n, 270
HADD (Hyperactive Agency Detection Device) 84n, 85n
Hai Gaon 188, 189, 195n
hajj 4
Hale, John R. 52n, 71
hallucinations 157, 158, 165
hallucinogens 162, 167
Hamilton, Edith 25n, 40
Hanson, Laura K. 85, 100
Harari, Yuval 178n, 184n, 185n, 187n, 188n, 190, 192n, 195n, 201, 202
Harmon, Daniel P. 233n, 237n, 243
Harwood, Alan 125, 137, 139, 148
Hastings, James 124, 148
heal(ing) 11, 41, 111, 154, 155, 156, 165 169, 170, 172, 186n, 193, 238, 266
healer 41, 169
Hebrew 57, 68, 171, 179, 181, 182n, 184n, 185, 186, 187, 192n, 194, 195n
Heinevetter, Franz 77n, 101
Hekhalot literature 193
Hellenistic 15, 52, 91, 107, 230, 233n
Heller, Joshua 175
Hendry, Michael 234, 243
herbs 106, 235, 236, 237, 240
Herskovits, Melville J. 45n, 46, 61, 62, 71
Herzfeld, Michael 115, 121
Heyworth, Stephen J. 236n, 237n, 239, 243
Hirai, Tomio 174
Hinde, Robert 162, 174
Hirschfeld, Lawrence A. 139, 148, 259n, 270
History of religion 247, 248, 250, 256
Hobson, J. Allan 162, 163, 166, 168, 174
Hodge, Bob 232n, 233n, 243
Hollan, Douglas 157, 174
Hollender, Elisabeth 196, 200
Holyoak, Keith J. 129, 148
Hoppál, Mihály 154, 162, 174
Horsley, Greg H. R. 93n, 101
Horst, Pieter van der 74n, 76, 91n, 92n, 93n, 95, 101
hua (metamorphosis) 61
Hubbard, Margaret 230n, 234, 237n, 243
Hubert, Henri 18, 246, 248, 250–259, 262, 263, 267, 268, 270
Hübner, Wolfgang 241, 243
Hultkrantz, Åke 154, 174
Humboldt, Alexander von 248
Humphrey, Caroline 85, 101, 141, 142, 148, 264, 270
Humphrey, Nicholas 169, 174
Hutton, Ronald 154, 157, 162, 164, 166, 168, 174
hypercognitive 168
hypnosis 157, 160, 162, 169, 170, 171, 233n
Idel, Moshe 190, 202
Ifa 13, 14, 45, 46, 65, 66, 67
illicit 171, 252, 255
illness 111, 113, 162, 167, 170, 187, 237, 238n
imagined communities 268
imitation 12, 70
immoral 252, 255
incantation 32, 34, 159, 160, 161, 169, 171, 180, 183, 185–188, 191–194, 230
index 75n, 77, 86n, 127, 129–132, 135, 138, 140, 143, 145
information 10, 11, 16, 26, 52, 78, 79, 86, 87, 105, 109, 124, 126–129, 135, 139, 145, 146, 154, 163–167, 193
acquisition of 24, 79, 80, 82, 94, 98, 110, 125, 135, 140, 157
reliability of 16, 125, 126
social 126, 136–141, 145, 146
source of 16, 34, 82, 86, 89, 125, 136
types of 94, 99, 110, 124, 125, 127, 133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 142, 143, 145, 196, 257
veracity of 93n, 125, 126, 136, 138, 141, 143
intellectualism 17, 205, 208, 211, 214, 251
intension 5, 7
intention(nal) 26, 79, 84n, 85–87, 89, 107, 118, 127–129, 131–145, 161, 206, 225, 260, 261, 263, 264
intentionality 17, 78, 79, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 140, 167
interpretation 13, 14, 15, 28, 34, 39n, 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 53, 54, 57, 58, 59, 60, 65, 66, 68, 69, 78, 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 97, 99, 107, 108, 109, 110, 113, 114, 142, 205, 208, 209, 210, 215, 220n, 222, 248, 267
intuition / intuitive 7, 68, 118, 128, 129, 130, 131, 141, 163, 165, 172, 259, 264
counter- 7, 41, 82n, 130
irrational(ity) 28, 29, 79, 81, 133, 225
Irwin, Harvey 169, 174
Isis 228, 238
iteration 264, 265
Japhet, Sara 184n, 202
Jegindø, Else-Marie E. 270
Jensen, Jeppe Sinding 5, 19
Jensen, K. Frank 58, 71
Jesus 96, 188n, 189, 194
Jew, Jewish 16, 17, 57, 58, 90, 91, 95n, 97n, 178–198
Johnston, Sarah I. 23n, 24n, 40, 42n, 52, 67n, 71, 72, 77, 101, 230n, 243
Josephson-Storm, Jason Ā. 2, 19, 252n, 270
Judah Hadassi 187, 188n, 193n
Judeo-Christian 5, 6
Jupiter 237, 238n
Kabbalah / Kabbalistic 57, 58, 63n, 68, 190, 193
Kamiya, Joe 159, 174
Karaites 17, 187, 188, 189, 197
Kasamatsu, Akira 159, 174
Kehoe, Alice 154, 174
Kelemen, Deborah 137, 148
Kelly, Edward 175
Kellner, Menachem 197n, 202
Kiebel, Stefan 85, 101
Kieckhefer, Richard 174
Kisch, Yves de 74n, 92n, 93n, 94, 102
Klaniczay, Gabor 164, 175
Klein, Cecilia 175
Klingshirn, William E. 76, 91n, 92n, 102
Kooij, Arie van der 91n, 102
Kotansky, Roy 183n, 202
Kotovsky, Laura 146
Konvalinka, Ivana 266, 270
Krull, Douglas S. 147
Kubricht, James R. 129, 148
Kummer, Hans 129, 130, 148
Laertius, Diogenes 25, 40
Lafitau, Joseph 169, 175
Laidlaw, James 141, 142, 148, 264, 270
Lamberton, Robert 91n, 102
Lang, Bernhard 91, 102
Larson, Jenifer 77, 102
Lasker, Daniel J. 188, 202
Lattimore, Richmond A. 40
Laughlin, Charles 161, 162, 164, 166, 168, 170, 175
laws, universal 246, 247
Lawson, E. Thomas 85n, 86n, 88, 102, 249n, 264, 265, 270
learning 12, 130, 133, 163, 164, 167, 170, 193, 220
associative 129, 130
cultural 130, 131
Lebeau, Anne 106, 121
Leen, Russell 175
Legare, Cristine H. 12, 19, 141
Legba 46, 61, 62, 65
Legge, James 60, 72
Lehoux, Darion, R. 37, 40
Leibovici, Marcel 42, 71
Leicht, Reimund 186, 202
Leslie, Alan M. 128, 148, 261, 270
Levene, Dan 186, 202
Levenson, Robert 173
Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien 133, 148, 217, 227, 257, 270
Lewis, Gilbert 134, 137, 148
Lex, Barbara 161, 170, 175
libanomancy 78
Liénard, Pierre 12, 19, 124, 141, 147, 148, 264, 269, 271
limbic structures 166, 168
Lincoln, Bruce 69, 72
Lisdorf, Anders 52, 85n, 102, 124, 125, 128, 131, 139, 142, 148
Lissner, Ivar 159, 175
Loane, Helen A. 88, 102
Locke, Ralph 162, 165, 175
locks 178, 180, 181, 188, 192, 193, 194n, 195, 198
Loewe, Michael 42, 72
lovers 68, 218, 230, 234, 236, 238. sexual relationship
Lu, Hongjing 129, 148
Luck, Georg 229, 239, 241, 243, 244
Luijendijk, AnneMarie 76, 91n, 92n, 102
lying 83, 158, 159
Lyne, Richard O. A. M. 234, 240, 244
Magdalino, Paul 108, 121
magic 11, 12, 105, 108, 153–157, 159, 160, 161, 170, 171, 172, 187, 191, 194, 207, 218, 219, 228, 233, 246, 247, 267
attack 236
category / concept of 1–5, 6n, 8, 9, 24, 81, 124, 184, 185, 188, 189, 190, 191, 197, 205, 206, 229, 230, 231, 235, 240, 248, 249, 255
definition of 3, 154, 190, 207, 208, 251, 255, 256, 267
expressive nature of 209, 210, 214, 215, 217
illicit nature of 185, 187, 188, 255
medieval Jewish 16, 178, 179, 185, 189
sympathetic 207, 216
magical
activity / action 156, 252, 253, 254, 258
effects 161, 241
performances 120, 155, 230
powers 156, 170, 253, 257
practices 10, 11, 18, 153, 155, 156, 196, 207, 208, 220, 229, 230, 238, 239, 240, 246
protection 111
recipes 180, 192, 193
ritual 10, 75, 160, 195n, 221, 226, 234, 238, 239, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 267
techniques 240, 241, 253
text 178, 179, 180, 183n, 184, 186, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 198
magician(s) 68, 92n, 108n, 109, 154, 185, 186, 188, 240, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258, 263
Maimonides, Moses 188, 189, 197
Malone, Patrick S. 147
mana 6, 9n, 18, 246, 248, 251, 252, 256, 257, 258, 260, 261, 262, 263, 265, 268
accumulation of 266, 267
-banks 267
category of 246, 250, 256, 258, 259
definition of 256, 257
Mandell, Elias 175
Manitou 256
manna-grains 13, 14, 42, 44, 46, 59, 60, 63, 64, 67
Mantikê 23, 24, 28, 38, 105
Margalioth, Mordecai 186n, 202
Martin, Luther H. 105, 107, 121, 249n
Maryanski, Alexandra 272
Mastrocinque, Attilio 229n, 244
Mater magna 228
Maurizio, Lisa 48n, 72
Mauss, Marcel 246, 248, 250–259, 262, 263, 266, 267, 268, 270
Mavroudi, Maria V. 107, 108, 121
Mawu 46, 61–62, 65
Mazur, Allen 161, 175
McCauley, Robert N. 82n, 85n, 86n, 88, 102, 118, 122, 249n, 264, 265, 270
McClenon, James 162, 168, 169, 170, 175
McManus, John 175
meaninglessness 222, 254
Medin, Doug L. 262, 270
meditation 162, 172
medium(ship) 34, 39, 77, 87, 88, 91, 99, 109, 119, 128, 154, 157, 164, 165, 166
Meerloo, Joost 159, 175
Meerson, Michael 91, 102
Megas, Georgios 110, 122
Melanesia 6, 256, 258
Meltzoff, Andrew N. 269
Mesler, Katelyn 198, 202
metaphysics 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 221, 226
metarepresentation 133
method 5, 9, 23, 24, 55, 206, 207, 214, 218, 219, 248, 249, 250
Meyer, Jørgen C. 69, 72
Meyland, Nicolas 19, 258
Mezuzah 188
Michotte, Albert E. 260, 271
mind, manipulation of the 170
Mitkidis, Panogiotis 267, 271
model 7, 9, 44, 46, 47, 48, 59, 64, 67, 96, 129, 133, 138, 139, 145, 260, 261, 264, 265
cultural 1, 130, 134, 251, 262
-dependency 129
literary 230
mental 129, 130, 131, 133, 145, 265
neurocognitive 16, 153
scientific 214
modernity 2, 268
Moehlmann, Bianca 146
moon 58, 68, 232, 233, 238
morphology 5
Morwood, James H. W. 236n, 237n, 243
myth 14, 41, 46, 48, 49, 50, 54, 55, 56, 65, 67, 68, 70, 83, 114, 236, 240, 253
mythology 35, 48, 52, 53, 54, 56, 61, 62, 65, 67, 68, 70, 215, 216, 217, 221, 226, 240, 253
mystics 154
mystical 156, 193, 209, 213
narrative 6n, 45, 46, 61, 62, 65, 67, 68, 75n, 84, 86, 95, 97, 98, 114, 117, 253
naturalness of
mantic practices 74, 78, 82, 90
religion 82n, 211, 212, 213
necromancer(s) 157 (174)
naturism 247
Naveh, Joseph 183n, 193n, 202
Needham, Amy 146
Needham, Joseph 60, 72
Neher, Andrew 157, 166, 168, 175
Nemoy, Leon 187, 202
neo-Kantian 251, 254n
neologism 5, 7, 8
neoplatonic 91
nervous system 16, 153, 156, 159, 160, 161, 162, 165, 168, 169, 170, 171
manipulations of the 16, 153, 156, 160
parasympathetic 161, 162, 170
sympathetic 161, 162, 168
tuning the 16, 153, 161, 162, 170, 171, 172
Neubauer, Adolf 194n, 195n, 202
neural 157, 159, 163
neurocognitive 153, 172,
neurotransmitters 162, 163, 166
Newberg, Andrew 161, 162, 163, 175
Newman, John Kevin 234n, 244
Niehoff-Panagiotidis, Johannes 188, 202
Nielbo, Kristoffer L. 142, 146, 149, 265, 271
Nielsen, Kai 211, 212, 227
Nielsen, Mark 12, 19
Nietzsche, Friedrich 7, 19
Nightingale, Andrea W. 26, 31, 35, 40
Nissi al-Nahrawani 194, 195
Noll, Richard 166, 175
Nongbri, Brent 2n, 19
Norenzayan, Ara 249, 271
Nørretranders, Tor 157, 175
occult 10, 107, 108, 165
occultism 2
officers , ritual expert
Ogden, Daniel 231n, 240, 244
Ohrt, Ferdinand C. P. 41, 72
Olsen, Dale 160, 175
Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith 179, 202
Olupona, Jakob 45, 72
omen 85, 106, 131, 133, 134, 237, 238n
O’Neill, Kerill 240, 244
oracle 1, 10, 12, 69, 88, 89, 90, 92, 94, 96, 97, 98, 99, 105, 106, 107, 108, 137, 143
Delphic 13, 47–56, 62–63, 65–67, 105
message 142
-monger 28, 32
rhapsodomantic 77, 84, 85, 86, 87, 94, 95
orenda 256, 258
Orden, Guy Van 270
orientation association area 163, 166, 167
Ortony, Andrew 262, 270
Otto, Bernd-Christian 3, 19, 20, 171, 175, 184n, 185n, 203, 255, 271
out-of-body experience 163
Owen, Alex 2, 19
Pachot-Clouard, Mathilde 269
Pack, Roger 107, 122
Palmer, Craig T. 119, 122
Papanghelis, Theodore D. 230n, 235n, 237n, 244
paranormal phenomena 168, 169, 170
paremia 64
Parke, Herbert W. 48, 66, 72
Parker, Adrian 169, 175
Pears, Ian 75, 76, 77, 87, 90, 102
Pease, Arthur Stanley 76, 77, 103
Peek, Phillip M. 42, 72, 124, 125, 149, 177
Pels, Peter 171, 175
perception 128, 133, 153, 157, 158, 159, 160, 164, 167, 168, 169, 220n, 260
dream 39
extrasensory 153, 169
performative statement 1
Perkins, John 157, 176
Perles, Josef 192n, 203
Permjakov, Grigoeri L. 64, 72
Perner, Josef 128, 149
Perrett, David 173
Persinger, Michael 162, 176
Petersen, Anders Klostergaard 1, 2n, 4n, 14, 19, 20, 34n, 40, 74, 75n, 81n, 88n, 91, 103, 252n, 271, 272
Pew Research Center 109, 115, 122
Pfaff, Donald W. 149
Pfeiffer, Thies 146
Philip of Opus 25–38
Phillips, Ann 149
Phillips, Dewi Z. 211–213, 227
pilgrim(age) 4, 8, 75n, 111
Piranomonte, Marina 228n, 244
Plato 13, 23–32, 34, 35, 37, 38, 103
Platonic (pseudo) 13, 23–31, 35, 39
Pocock, David F. 255, 271
Pócs, Eva 175
Podemann Sørensen, Jørgen 13, 14, 41, 60, 72, 89, 90
poison 18, 137, 143, 230, 234, 236, 237, 239, 240, 241
Polynesia 6, 156, 256, 258
portent 84, 85, 86, 87, 131, 133, 134
positivism 205, 247, 248, 250
possession 28, 48, 84n, 96, 115, 117, 128, 158, 164, 166
postcolonial critique 2
postmodernist 2
post-structural 8
Potlis, M. 110n, 122
Potter, David 93, 103
power 3, 12, 16, 31–36, 38, 50, 64, 83, 94, 98, 107, 111, 113, 125, 153–157, 161, 165, 167–172, 190, 197n, 232, 241, 251, 253, 255–259, 262, 266, 267, 268. force
pray(er) 6n, 8, 33, 34, 105, 107n, 111, 116, 117, 160, 171, 172, 193n, 195, 228, 232, 237, 241
pre-animism 247
prediction 55, 58, 66, 85, 94, 100, 109, 129, 133, 145, 220n, 260, 261, 264, 265
Ex post facto 84, 86, 88, 94, 98
Preisendanz, Karl 92, 103
Premack, David 129, 149, 272
Premack, Ann James 272
Price, Neil 154, 176
priest(ess) 4, 8, 15, 34, 47, 50, 51, 52, 56, 67, 81, 92, 105, 111, 112, 113, 115, 116, 117, 154, 171, 206, 214, 253, 263
priesthood 61, 108n
of Diana 206, 214
primitivism 133
Prince, Meredith 233, 244
prognosis 10, 16, 132, 133
Propertius 17–18, 229, 230n, 231–234, 236, 238–241
prohibited 252, 255
proverbs 44, 45, 64, 65, 67, 68
psychic(s) 109, 119, 169
psycholinguistic programming 159, 161
psychology 2, 68, 69, 136, 144, 218, 219, 220, 247, 250, 268
Pythia 47, 48, 50, 52–54, 56, 62, 63, 66, 105, 106
Pyysiäinen, Ilkka 86, 87, 103, 249, 271
Rallis, Georgios 110n, 122
Ramble, Charles 127, 147
randomness 12, 13, 14 16, 41, 42, 59, 75, 76, 78, 79, 82, 84–90, 92, 95n, 96–100, 106, 107, 109, 110, 113, 118, 129, 136, 140–146, 225
Rao, Ramakrishna 169, 176
Raphals, Lisa 42, 72
Rappaport, Roy 141, 149, 264, 271
Rasmussen, Susanne W. 69, 73
Rause, Vince 175
Ravitzky, Aviezer 188n, 203
Rebiger, Bill 186, 203
redundancy 264, 265
reform 17, 197, 247, 248
Reinhard, Tobias 230, 244
relevance theory 128, 131, 263
religion 8, 17, 23, 24, 54, 55, 67, 77n, 79, 80n, 107, 109n, 111, 112, 118, 119, 120, 197, 228, 241, 248, 256
academic study of 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 125, 247, 248, 249, 250, 255n, 256, 268
concept of 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 125, 172, 184, 189, 190, 191, 205, 213, 215, 229n, 249, 250, 252, 255, 267
theories of 2, 81n, 205, 207, 208, 212n, 214, 247, 248, 249, 251, 253, 256, 258
REM sleep 162, 163, 167
representation 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 80n, 87, 126, 131, 139, 145, 165, 208, 216, 217, 241, 252, 255, 256, 258, 260, 268
causal 87, 137, 259, 260, 261, 262
cultural 1, 256, 263
epidemiology of 263
force 18, 250, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267
mental 85n, 128, 129, 132, 133, 134, 138, 141, 250, 254, 256, 259
perspicuous 222
pictorial 63n
religious 82n, 87, 99, 129, 135, 136, 137, 138, 140, 143, 144, 146, 252, 254, 257, 258
reputation 30, 47, 116, 253, 267
Reynolds, Barri 130, 149
rhetoric 24, 29, 31, 41, 45, 47, 70, 91, 160, 230, 239
of divination 13, 41, 42, 44, 47, 55, 56, 57, 59
of interpretation 14, 47, 68–69
of the act 47, 59–63
of the text 14, 47, 63–68
rhabdomancy 78, 106
rhapsodomantic 14, 74–100
Rhees, Rush 81, 104, 206, 223, 224, 227
ritual 4n, 6n, 13, 14, 15, 17, 32, 41, 42, 47, 50, 56, 60, 61, 62, 63, 70, 75, 79, 88, 89, 90, 98, 109, 110, 111, 112, 116, 117, 120, 134, 137, 140, 141, 143, 153, 154, 157, 169, 170, 171, 172, 186, 191, 206, 208, 217, 222, 223, 224, 225, 230, 233, 234, 237, 239, 246, 249, 251, 254, 266
agency 12, 14, 16, 87, 126, 138, 139, 264, 265
behavior 17, 135, 186, 187, 218, 252, 253, 265, 267
efficacy 41, 53, 75, 87, 250, 252, 256, 257, 267
expert 78, 250, 252
force 12, 259, 264, 265, 266
formula 59
healing 11, 15, 41, 116, 156, 169
instrument 12, 50, 139
magical 10, 190, 195n, 196, 207, 221, 226, 238, 251 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257
special instrument 86
specialist 138
theory of 81n, 85n, 88, 141–142, 197n, 211, 252, 254, 255, 264
ritualization 11, 14, 16, 18, 64, 86, 129, 136, 141–145, 146, 240, 250, 264, 265
Roepstorff, Andreas 146, 270
Rollis, Edmund 173
Roman 5, 6, 14, 17, 18, 24, 41, 69, 77, 85n, 90, 91, 93, 94, 97n, 107, 108, 117, 118, 171, 181, 189, 191, 228, 229, 240, 241
Rosa, Eugene 175
Rosenberger, Veit 48, 73
Roth, Mirko 42, 73
Rothhaupt, Josef G. F. 81, 100, 103
Roux, Georges 52, 73
Ruffman, Ted 128, 149
Rüpke, Jörg 17, 18, 228, 244
Saar, Ortal-Paz 180, 198n, 200, 203
sacred 7, 8, 18, 44, 54, 64, 76, 78, 87, 88, 89, 91, 94, 99, 107, 114, 189, 234, 239, 240, 251, 258, 264, 266, 267
sacrifice 8, 32, 34, 37, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 62, 65, 105, 112, 118, 213, 222, 223, 234, 238, 240, 251, 252
Sadovsszky, Otto Von 174
saga (witch) 235, 239
Samuel, Geoffrey 154, 168, 176
Santini, Carlo 240n, 242
Sanzo, Joseph E. 229n, 244
Saxe, Rebecca 259, 271
Scapini, Marianna 229, 244
Schaafsma, Sara M. 128, 149
Schäfer, Peter 179, 186, 193, 203
Schjødt, Uffe 85, 104, 142, 146, 149, 270, 271
Scholem, Gershom 190, 203
Schwartz, Benjamin I. 60n, 64n, 73
science 2, 5, 11, 35, 81n, 83, 108, 125, 136, 184, 215, 217, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 259, 264
philosophy of 8, 205, 206, 207, 209, 218, 219, 221, 226
scrying 157, 159
Searle, John 6n
secret societies 253
Seery, Aidan 100
Segebarth, Christoph 269
self-confidence 159, 168
self-delusion 169
semiotic 8, 15, 127, 131, 145
Seremetakis, Nadia 110, 111, 122
serotonin 163
sexual relationship 136, 187, 238, 241
Shaked, Shaul 179n, 183n, 193n, 202, 203
shaman 16, 154, 155, 156, 164, 165, 169, 170
shamanism 16, 153–157, 161, 164, 169, 170, 171
shamanic 153, 155, 156, 164–171
Shapiro, Yakov 173
Shaughnessy, Edward 43, 60n, 73
Sheffield, Frisbee C. C. 26, 40
Shiur Qomah 184, 188
Shlomo ben Abraham ibn Adret 188–189
Siberian 154
sign 14, 16, 44, 45, 47, 56, 60, 62–67, 70, 76, 77, 84, 85, 86, 87, 97, 99, 106, 112, 113, 116, 117, 125, 127, 131, 133, 134, 135, 138, 139, 140, 142–146, 159, 186
communicative 127, 129, 131, 132, 133, 145
divinatory 15, 70, 106, 109, 141, 142
metamorphosis of 46, 62, 70
indexical 86n, 127, 129–133, 143, 145
significator 58, 63
Sikora, Tomasz 166, 176
Simón, Francisco Marco 231, 244
Sklare, David 188n, 202
sleep 34, 38, 39, 106, 107, 162, 163, 166, 167
Slone, Jason D. 109, 122
Smelik, Willem F. 194, 203
Smith, Jonathan Z. 184, 203, 255, 272
social 1, 18, 79, 114, 125, 159, 167, 224, 225, 246, 248, 249, 252, 257, 260, 263
anti- 241, 253, 255
categories 139, 241, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258
cohesion 169, 267
engineering 247
fact 251, 258
information 58, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 145, 146
milieu 78, 126, 145, 159, 178, 185, 228, 230, 251, 255, 262
power 125, 241, 246, 255, 262, 264
practice 27, 158
society 14, 18, 31, 49, 67, 119, 178, 191, 195, 197, 228, 229, 247, 248, 251, 252, 253, 255, 266, 267, 268
sociology 8, 247, 248, 250, 256,
Sofer, Gal 193, 203
Sokoloff, Michael 194, 203
Soma 50, 53
Sombrun, Corine 173
Sommer, Andreas 2, 20
sorcery 34, 137, 161
Sørensen, Jesper F. 1, 3, 11, 12, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 75, 76, 86, 87, 99, 124, 127, 137, 141, 142, 143, 146, 149, 246, 249, 253, 254, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 271, 272
sortilegium 76, 77
Sourvinou-Inwood, Christiane 55, 56, 73
South America 154, 167
Souza, André L. 12, 19
Spelke, Elizabeth S. 129, 149
spell 8, 16, 17, 41, 92n, 156, 157, 159, 160, 178, 181, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 215, 230, 232, 240, 252, 265
Sperber, Dan 126, 127, 128, 133, 140, 149, 259n, 263, 272
Speyer, Wolfgang 91, 104
Spiller, Henry A. 71
spirit 8, 24, 53n, 81, 94, 119, 124, 128, 139, 140, 145, 146, 153,154, 155, 156, 157, 161, 164, 165, 167, 168, 170, 253, 255
evil 134, 266
world 34, 154, 155, 156, 165, 167
spirit of the ceremony 223
spiritual 54, 80, 81, 154, 156, 171, 172, 214, 246, 257
spiritualist 157
spook 157, 160, 161
Spunt, Robert P. 149
Staal, Frits 272
Stanfield-Mazzi, Mya 175
Stausberg, Michael 184, 203
Steadman, Lyle B. 119, 122
Stevens, Anthony 167, 176
Stewart, Charles 109, 111, 113, 114, 115, 116, 120, 122
stochastic 12, 13, 42, 44, 46, 59, 60, 63
Story of Rabbi Nathan the Babylonian, The 194
Stratton, Kimberly B. 184, 203
stress response 160, 161, 163
Stroumsa, Guy G. 91, 101
Struck, Peter T. 23n, 24n, 37, 38, 39n, 40, 42, 68, 72, 73, 125
Stutley, Margaret 154, 168, 176
Styers, Randall G. 184n, 203
subliminal 167, 168
supernatural 10, 11, 15, 50, 82, 92n, 99, 107, 111, 119, 120, 155, 168, 169, 190, 208
Swancutt, Katherine 140, 150
Swartz, Michael D. 184, 203
Sword of Moses 192
symbol 15, 41, 42, 44, 55, 68, 75n, 85, 98, 99, 113, 128, 133, 142, 145, 162, 166, 171, 197, 212, 216, 217, 218, 251, 254, 255, 267, 268
Syndikus, Hans Peter 238, 244
Tabatabaeian, Shadab 163, 176
Tafarodi, Romin W. 147
Talmy, Leonard 261, 262, 272
Tarán, Leonardo 25n, 26n, 28, 29, 30n, 31, 35n, 39, 40
Tarot 13, 14, 56–59, 63, 67, 69, 70, 138, 143, 144, 156
Tart, Charles 159, 176
Taves, Ann 162, 176, 249, 272
Tedlock, Barbara 69, 73
temporal orientation 132
terminology 2, 7, 8, 9, 24, 186
text 4, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 24, 25, 27, 42, 43, 45, 59, 60, 64, 67, 68, 69, 75, 78, 84, 87, 89, 90, 99, 108, 179, 180, 181, 183, 185, 188, 191, 192, 194, 197, 221, 228, 229, 230, 234, 237, 239, 240
authoritative 47, 86, 91
exemplar 44, 46, 47, 48, 59, 60, 63, 65, 67, 68, 70
literary 18, 66, 105
magical 178, 179, 180, 183n, 184, 186, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 198
philosophical 24
ritual 41
sacred 87, 88, 91
theft 158, 266
theory 6n, 9, 85n, 88, 124, 125, 130, 156, 184n, 205, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 213, 214, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 225, 227, 229, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 256, 258, 259, 261
theory of mind 128, 133, 139, 145, 167, 220n, 260
Thessaly 231, 234, 240
Thomas, Keith 266, 272
Thurman, Blake 175
Toledot Yeshu 188n, 194n, 195n
Tooby, John 126, 128, 147, 150
Toorn, Karel van der 91, 102
Tov, Emanuel 183, 204
Townsend, Joan 154, 176
Trachtenberg, Joshua 178, 192n, 204
trance 48, 63, 155, 160, 162, 163, 169, 170
ecstatic 48, 63, 153, 154, 156, 161, 163, 164, 165, 170
state 106, 153, 160, 161
Treitel, Corinna 2, 20
Tremlin, Todd 249, 272
Trojanos, Spyros N. 107, 122
Trophonios 54, 55
truthfulness 128, 136, 140
Tselikas, Agamemnon 108, 122
Tuczay, Christa 158, 162, 166, 168, 169, 176
Tupet, Anne-Marie 229, 233n, 234n, 235n, 236n, 237n, 238n, 239, 240n, 244
Turner, Jonathan H. 268, 272
Tversky, Barbara 265, 273
Tybjerg, Tove 256, 273
unconscious 63, 255
knowledge 16, 157, 158, 159, 164, 166
representation 256
tensions 170
thought 171
Vaporis, Michael 116, 122
variable 15, 127
contextual 16, 126, 135–140, 145
semiotic 15, 125, 127–131
temporal 15, 125, 132–135
Veikou, Christina 115, 116, 122
Verdenius, Willem J. 91, 104
Vernant, Jean-Pierre 55, 73
Veyne, Paul 80n, 104
Viarre, Simone 236, 244
vision 27, 35, 36, 156, 158, 159, 166, 167
visual processing 158
Vitebsky, Piers 170, 176
Vritra 50, 53
Waismann, Friedrich 212, 227
Waite, Arthur Edward 57, 58n, 73
Waley, Arthur 64, 73
Walker, Alicia 108, 123
Wallot, Sebastian 270
Warde, Paul 159, 176
Watson, Julanne 150
Watson, Lindsay 241, 244
Weber, Max 104, 253, 273
Weinreich, Otto 192, 204
Weiss, Tzahi 183, 204
Wellman, Henry M. 128, 147, 150
White, Peter A. 261, 273
Whitehouse, Harvey 130, 150, 249n, 273
Wier, Dennis 160, 162, 166, 176
Willis, Roy 165, 176
Wilson, Bryan R. 2, 20
Wilson, Deidre 6, 149
Wilson, Nigel 108, 123
Winkelman, Michael 154, 157, 159, 160, 162, 163, 164, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 176, 177
witch 1, 136, 139, 156, 157, 161, 185, 190, 230, 231, 235, 239
witchcraft 1, 10, 156, 161
Witteyer, Marion 228, 244, 245
Wittgenstein, Ludwig 17, 81, 82, 104, 190, 205, 206, 208–227
Wohl, Michael 144n, 150
Wood, W. Scott 144n, 150
Woodruff, Paul 28n, 40
Woodward, Amanda L. 149
Wormell, Donald E. W. 48n, 66n, 72
wu wei 60
Xygalatas, Dimitris 15, 105, 109, 112, 120, 123, 270, 271
Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq Al-Qirqisānī 187
yi (change) 61
Yijing 13, 14, 42–46, 60, 61, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 70, 138
Zacks, Jeffrey M. 265, 273
Zeitlyn, David 68, 69n, 73, 132
Zetzel, James E. G. 230, 239, 245