Perceptions of Classrooms in Kashmir: A State of Continuous Unrest in Northern India

In: Education Reform in Societies in Transition

India's partition in August 1947 on the basis of religion, and Kashmir's accession with India, has led to a number of disturbances in Kashmir and two proxy and international wars with Pakistan. In recent times, there has been an exodus of 400,000 people from the Kashmir valley for Jammu, the closest city, in late 1989 to early 1990. Since then, although many people have further moved to other parts of India or to different parts of the world, the majority of displaced Kashmiri people are still living in Jammu and trying to adjust to the new environment. These factors have affected students in schools and this chapter reports on the research that investigated the students' perceptions of learning environments in science classes in Jammu, India. Kashmiri students perceived their classrooms and teacher interaction more positively than those from the other cultural groups identified in the study.