ON THE COLLECTIVE SUBJECTS IN EPISTEMOLOGY: THE MARXIST CASE AND A PROBLEM FOR THE AFRICAN VIEWPOINT

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Abstract

The idea of a collective, but not necessarily universal epistemological subject is not only inherent in African tradition but also in the sciences and humanities as understood in the western tradition. In this paper I propose to delineate this collective subject by means of the construction of the Marxian concept of a theoretical representative of a social class. This allows for avoiding a trap that is necessarily faced by any collectivist viewpoint.