Brill's Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World Online

Editor: Jan Bloemendal
CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2014

With its striking range and penetrating depth, Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World traces the enduring history and wide-ranging cultural influence of Neo-Latin, the form of Latin that originated in the Italian Renaissance and persists to the modern era. Featuring original contributions by a host of distinguished international scholars, this comprehensive reference work explores every aspect of the civilized world from literature and law to philosophy and the sciences. An invaluable resource for both the advanced scholar and the graduate student.

The Encyclopaedia is also available in PRINT.

The online edition gives access to a number of newer entries that are not included in the print edition and also includes corrections.

Contributors are: Monica Azzolini, Irena Backus, Patrick Baker, Jon Balserak, Ann Blair, Jan Bloemendal, David Butterfield, Isabelle Charmantier, John Considine, Alejandro Coroleu, Ricardo da Cunha Lima, Susanna de Beer, Erik De Bom, Jeanine De Landtsheer, Tom Deneire, Ingrid De Smet, Karl Enenkel, Charles Fantazzi, Mathieu Ferrand, Roger Fisher, Philip Ford, Raphaele Garrod, Guido Giglioni, Roger Green, Yasmin Haskell, Hans Helander, Lex Hermans, Thomas Herron, Louise Hill Curth, Leofranc Holford-Strevens, Brenda Hosington, Erika Jurikova, Craig Kallendorf, Jill Kraye, Andrew Laird, Han Lamers, Marc Laureys, Jeltine Ledegang-Keegstra, Jan Machielsen, Peter Mack, Eric MacPhail, David Marsh, Dustin Mengelkoch, Milena Minkova, David Money, Jennifer Morrish Tunberg, Adam Mosley, Ann Moss, Monique Mund-Dopchie, Colette Nativel, Lodi Nauta, Henk Nellen, Gideon Nisbet, Philipp Nothaft, Katrina Olds, Richard Oosterhoff, Marianne Pade, Jan Papy, David Porter, Johann Ramminger, Jennifer Rampling, Rudolf Rasch, Karen Reeds, Valery Rees, Bettina Reitz-Joosse, Stella Revard, Dirk Sacre, Gerald Sandy, Minna Skafte Jensen, Carl Springer, Gorana Stepanić, Harry Stevenson, Jane Stevenson, Andrew Taylor, Nikolaus Thurn, Johannes Trapman, Terence Tunberg, Piotr Urbański, Wiep van Bunge, Harm-Jan van Dam, Demmy Verbeke, Zweder von Martels, Maia Wellington Gahtan, and Paul White.

Institutional outright purchase price

EUR €967.00USD $1,091.00

Readership

All those interested in Neo-Latin studies, humanism, the Renaissance, the Classical Tradition, classical philology, intellectual history, and art history.

Biographical Note

Philip Ford, Ph.D. (1977), University of Cambridge, was Professor of French and Neo-Latin Literature at Clare College. He published five monographs, two critical editions, and numerous articles; he was also the editor or co-editor of a staggering fourteen collective volumes, including the Cambridge French Colloquia series. His last monograph is The Judgment of Palaemon: The Contest between Neo-Latin and Vernacular Poetry in Renaissance France (2013). From 2006 to 2009, he served as President of the International Association for Neo-Latin Studies. He died on 8 April 2013. Jan Bloemendal, Ph.D. (1997) in Classics, Utrecht University studied Classics, Dutch literature and theology. He is a Senior Researcher at the Huygens Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, The Hague. He has published on Neo-Latin and Dutch drama, classical reception, poetics, emblems, and Erasmus. Recently he edited, with Howard B. Norland, Neo-Latin Drama and Theatre in Early Modern Europe (2013). Charles Fantazzi, Ph.D. (1964) in Comparative Literature, Harvard University, is Thomas Harriot Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Classics, East Carolina University. He has published several critical editions and translations of Juan Luis Vives and is translator and editor for the Toronto Collected Works of Erasmus.

Review Quotes

“The 1,240 pages of Brill’s Encyclopaedia have entries, by nearly eighty contributors, for almost all conceivable aspects of Neo-Latin language, literature and culture. … It will be an indispensable starting point for future students and scholars, at a time when the vast and largely unexplored continent of early modern Neo-Latin is becoming increasingly accessible.” Philip Hardie, University of Cambridge. In: The Times Literary Supplement, 13 February 2015.
“The longer essays provide excellent overviews of major topics; the short entries offer basic reference information. Both include bibliographies for further reading. Anyone interested in the Latin language, early modern history and literature, classical studies, book history, theology, or legal history will find this an indispensable reference work. Summing up: Essential. Upper-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty.” Fred W. Jenkins, University of Dayton, Ohio. In: CHOICE, Vol. 52, No. 2 (October 2014).
Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is a marvel. A collaborative reference work featuring contributions from seventy-nine different scholars, it manages both to provide an overview of the complex (and to our minds, frequently alien) world of Latin culture and scholarship from the Renaissance down to the present day, and to create a repository of historical, contextual, and literary research that will shape the direction of international Neo-Latin studies for the foreseeable future. […] What has been created by the editors is nothing short of the defining work of a field in rude health, and a marker that will direct the future of the discipline.” Steven J. Reid, University of Glasgow. In: Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 2 (Summer 2015), pp. 625-627.
“The amount of information brought together here on a vast breadth of subjects over long periods of history is prodigious. […] what is presented here is information and scholarship of a very high value across a very wide range of disciplines”. Stuart James, formerly University Librarian, University of Paisley, UK. In: Reference Reviews, Vol. 29, No. 2 (2015), pp. 25-26. “a monumental achievement … In an age of numerous handbooks and encyclopedias of questionable value, this contribution to the field of Neo-Latin is an outstanding resource for both students and scholars.” John T. Slotemaker, Fairfield University. In: Religious Studies Review, Vol. 41, No. 2 (June 2015), pp. 86-87.
Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World represents a substantial and substantive publication. Those new to the vibrant and vital world of neo-Latin culture will find it an encouraging and accessible starting point for an array of subjects. For more hardened scholars, it will serve as a ready and practical source of reference.” Patrick J. Murray, University of Glasgow. In: Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2 (2015), pp. 444-446.
Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is a splendid resource and will be of enormous benefit to everyone working in this field, as well as—perhaps even more so—to many students and scholars of the Renaissance and early modern period who do not consider themselves Neo-Latinists. Immediately upon publication it has become the inevitable starting-point for any fresh project, and an essential purchase for research libraries.” Victoria Moul, King’s College, London. In: Neo-Latin News, Vol. 63, Nos. 3 & 4 (Fall-Winter 2015), pp. 199-203.
Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is an essential reference work for anyone interested in discovering how the Latin language continued to be an important medium for intellectual treatises, creative writing, and cultural transmission throughout Europe and beyond in the centuries since Petrarch. Sixty-six large survey articles offer fresh perspectives on a wide range of topics, including conversational Latin, women’s education, and Latin law. More than twice as many shorter entries focus on diverse subjects such as major writers, Latin literature written in various countries, centers of printing and publishing, and the pioneering work done by modern scholars in what was then the emerging field of Neo-Latin Studies. The encyclopaedia continues the Neo-Latin tradition of international collaboration, scholarship, and publishing.” Anne-Marie Lewis, York University, Canada. President, American Association for Neo-Latin Studies.
“Ein monumentales Unternehmen […]. Die Vielfalt der präsentierten Ansätze [ist] beeindruckend, der ambitionierte Versuch, in Quer- und Längsschnitten die Welt des Neu-Lateins möglichst vollständig zu erfassen, ist rundum geglückt. Viele Themenbereiche laden ein zum Nachschlagen, Staunen und Schmökern, sie machen neugierig auf bislang wenig erforschte oder gar neu zu entdeckende Wissenskontinente. Studierenden, Forschern und wißbegierigen Lesern aller Arten bieten die kürzeren, essayistischen Texte ebenso wie die umfangreichen Abhandlungen konkrete Fakten, präzise Entwürfe und reichlich Gedankenfutter.” Elisabeth Stein, Bergische Universität Wuppertal. In: Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, Jg. 45 (2016), pp. 28-29.

Table of contents

Preface
Jan Bloemendal, Charles Fantazzi, Craig Kallendorf

About the Authors
List of Illustrations

MACROPAEDIA

LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION
From Mediaeval Latin to Neo-Latin
Marianne Pade
Neo-Latin: Character and Development
Johann Ramminger
On Neologisms in Neo-Latin
Hans Helander
Neo-Latin and Renaissance Schools
Peter Mack
Neo-Latin Prosody and Versification
Philip J. Ford
Conversational Latin to 1650
Terence Tunberg
Conversational Latin: 1650 to the Present
Milena Minkova
Women’s Education
Jane Stevenson
Revival of Classical Texts
Charles Fantazzi
Hellenism
Gerald Sandy
Translation and Neo-Latin
Brenda M. Hosington
Imitation, Emulation, Ciceronianism, Anti-Ciceronianism
Charles Fantazzi
Neo-Latin Prose Style (from Petrarch to c. 1650)
Terence Tunberg
Pronunciation of Latin
Dirk Sacré

LATIN AND PRINTING
Humanist Printers
Paul White
Philology: Editions and Editorial Practices in the Early Modern Period
Jan Bloemendal and Henk J.M. Nellen
The Neo-Latin Commentary
Karl A. E. Enenkel
Textual Transaction and Transformation in the Renaissance Printed Book
Andrew Taylor
Commonplace Books
Ann Moss
Encyclopaedias and Dictionaries
John Considine
Fifteenth-Century Humanist Manuscript Production
Dustin Mengelkoch

LATIN AND THE VERNACULAR
Neo-Latin and the Vernacular: Prose
Tom Deneire
Neo-Latin and the Vernacular: Poetry
Nikolaus Thurn

NEO-LATIN LITERATURE
Neo-Latin Literary Genres and the Classical Tradition: Adaptation and Inventions
Jan Bloemendal
Neo-Latin Fiction
Jennifer Morrish Tunberg
Neo-Latin Prose Satire
David A. Porter
Letters
Jeanine De Landtsheer
Neo-Latin ‘Essays’: An Absent Genre that is Omnipresent
Jan Papy
The Theory and Practice of History in Neo-Latin Literature
Marc Laureys
Neo-Latin Rhetoric 1380-1620 [NOT IN PRINT EDITION]
Peter Mack
Epigrams—The Classical Tradition
Gideon Nisbet
Elegiac Poetry
Susanna de Beer
Neo-Latin Lyric Poetry in the Renaissance
Stella P. Revard
Satire
David Marsh
Pastoral
David Marsh
The Classification of Neo-Latin Didactic Poetry from the Fifteenth to Nineteenth Centuries
Yasmin Haskell
The Neo-Latin Epic
Craig Kallendorf
Poetic Psalm Paraphrases
Roger P. H. Green
Neo-Latin Drama
Jan Bloemendal
Neo-Latin Erotic and Pornographic Literature (c. 1400-c. 1700)
Karl A. E. Enenkel

LATIN AND THE ARTS
Classicising the Unclassical: The Challenge of Music Theory
Leofranc Holford-Strevens
Latin Words to Music
Rudolf Rasch
Neo-Latin and the Visual Arts in Italy
Maia Wellington Gahtan
Neo-Latin and the Plastic Arts in Northern Europe
Colette Nativel
Architecture
Lex Hermans

LATIN AND PHILOSOPHY
Aristotelianism and Scholasticism
Raphaele Garrod
Ficino and Neo-Platonism
Valery Rees
Epicureanism and the Other Hellenistic Philosophies
Jill Kraye
Political Philosophy
Erik De Bom
Early Modern Philosophical Systems
Wiep van Bunge

LATIN AND THE SCIENCES
Astronomy and Astrology
Monica Azzolini and Adam Mosley
Medicine
Guido Giglioni
Neo-Latin Mathematics
Richard J. Oosterhoff
From Alchemy to Chemistry
Jennifer M. Rampling

LATIN AND THE CHURCH
Theological Discourse
Jon Balserak
Patristics
Irena Backus
The Reformation
Carl P. E. Springer
Counter-Reformation
Jan Machielsen
The Passion(s) of Jesuit Latin
Yasmin Haskell

LATIN AND LAW
Law Latin and English Law
Roger S. Fisher

LATIN AND THE NEW WORLD
Cosmography and Exploration
Monique Mund-Dopchie
Latin in Latin America
Andrew Laird
Neo-Latin in North America
Ann Blair
Asia
Zweder von Martels

NEO-LATIN: THE TWILIGHT YEARS
Neo-Latin Verse in the Twilight Years (1700-Present)
David Money
Neo-Latin Prose in the Twilight Years (1700-Present)
Dirk Sacré

HISTORY OF NEO-LATIN STUDIES
History of Neo-Latin Studies
Demmy Verbeke


MICROPAEDIA

Adversaria, Annotationes, Miscellanea
Harm-Jan van Dam
Alberti, Leon Battista
Lex Hermans
Architectural Theory and the Church
Lex Hermans
Atheism [NOT IN PRINT EDITION]
Eric MacPhail
Bembo, Pietro
Charles Fantazzi
Beza, Theodorus
Jeltine L. R. Ledegang-Keegstra
Bibliothecae (Hispanic)
Andrew Laird
Book Hunting
Dustin Mengelkoch
Borrowings from Ancient Geography: Transmission or Treason
Monique Mund-Dopchie
Botany
Karen Reeds and Isabelle Charmantier
Bruni—De interpretatione recta
Marianne Pade
Bude, Guillaume
Gerald Sandy
Calvin, John
Carl P. E. Springer
Chronology [NOT IN PRINT EDITION]
C. Philipp E. Nothaft
Coins and Medals
Dirk Sacre
Collective Biography [NOT IN PRINT EDITION]
Patrick Baker
Commentaries on the Bible and Patristics
Jon Balserak
Commonplace Books: Major Items in Print
Ann Moss
Controversy of the Indies
Andrew Laird
The Curriculum of the College de Guyenne (1583)
Raphaele Garrod
Descartes, René
Ann Blair
Diplomacy and Court Culture
Erik De Bom
Editing Neo-Latin texts: Editorial Principles; Spelling and Punctuation
Tom Deneire
Education—Desiderius Erasmus
Charles Fantazzi
Education—Juan Luis Vives
Charles Fantazzi
Educational Treatises from Italy
Craig Kallendorf
Ekphrasis (and Art)
Maia Wellington Gahtan
Emblems
Karl A. E. Enenkel
Epigrams and Epitaphs (on Art and Artists)
Maia Wellington Gahtan
Erasmus—The Adagia, and the Assimilation of the Literary Culture of Classical Antiquity
Andrew Taylor
Erasmus—The Praise of Folly
Johannes Trapman
Erasmus—Theological Writings
Carl P. E. Springer
Ficino, Marsilio
Valery Rees
Gassendi, Pierre
Irena Backus
Gessner, Conrad
Ann Blair
Gradus ad Parnassum and Other Verse Composition Manuals
David J. Butterfield
The Greek Anthology
Harry Stevenson
The Greek Diaspora and Neo-Latin Literature (Fifteenth-Seventeenth Centuries)
Han Lamers
Humanist Centres—Leiden and Philology
Harm-Jan van Dam
Humanist Centres—Naples
Han Lamers
Humanistic Script
Dustin Mengelkoch
Indigenous American Latinists
Andrew Laird
Inscriptions
Dirk Sacre
Jesuit Georgic Poetry
Yasmin Haskell
The Jesuit Ratio studiorum (1599 Edition): Prescribed Texts: Grammar, the Humanities, Rhetoric, and Philosophy
Raphaele Garrod
The Jesuit Ratio studiorum and its Variants: Textbooks from the College of La Fleche for Classes of Grammar, Rhetoric, and the Humanities (1603-1702)
Raphaele Garrod
Lascaris, Janus
Gerald Sandy
Latin and the Social Media
David J. Butterfield
Latin and the Enlightenment
Yasmin Haskell
Latin Language and Style as an Instrument of Political and Cultural Ideology
Marc Laureys
Latin Translations from the Vernacular in Early Modern Science
Ann Blair
Latin Translations of Place Names Unknown in the Ancient World
Monique Mund-Dopchie
Latin Travel Journals and Guidebooks
Monique Mund-Dopchie
Latin Vocabulary for New World Phenomena
Monique Mund-Dopchie
Letter Collections
Jeanine De Landtsheer
Letters of Dedication
Demmy Verbeke and Jeanine De Landtsheer
Letter-Writing Manuals
Jeanine De Landtsheer
Lucretius—Editions and Commentaries
Jill Kraye
Luther, Martin
Carl P. E. Springer
Lutheran Latin Education
Carl P. E. Springer
Manuals on Note-Taking (ars excerpendi)
Ann Blair
Medical Didactic Poetry
Yasmin Haskell
Melanchthon, Philipp
Carl P. E. Springer
More, Thomas
Andrew Taylor
Neo-Latin and Vernacular Influences in Prose Writing
Tom Deneire
Neo-Latin Book Series
Demmy Verbeke
Neo-Latin Forgeries [NOT IN PRINT EDITION]
Katrina B. Olds
Neo-Latin Grammars—Guarino of Verona’s Regulae grammaticales
Marianne Pade
Neo-Latin Grammars—Niccolo Perotti’s Rudimenta grammatices
Marianne Pade
Neo-Latin Journals
Demmy Verbeke
Neo-Latin Literature—The Balkans (Croatia)
Gorana Stepanić
Neo-Latin Literature—Bohemia
Erika Jurikova
Neo-Latin Literature—The British Isles: The Long Sixteenth Century
David A. Porter
Neo-Latin Literature—The British Isles: Later Centuries
David A. Porter
Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Sixteenth Century: Literature
Mathieu Ferrand
Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Sixteenth Century: Contexts
Jon Balserak
Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Seventeenth and Later Centuries: Literature
Ingrid A. R. De Smet
Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Seventeenth and Later Centuries: Contexts
Jon Balserak
Neo-Latin Literature—The German Regions
Nikolaus Thurn
Neo-Latin Literature—Hungary: The Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries
Valery Rees
Neo-Latin Literature—Hungary: The Seventeenth Century and Beyond
Valery Rees
Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Age of Petrarch
Craig Kallendorf
Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Quattrocento
Craig Kallendorf
Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Cinquecento
Charles Fantazzi
Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: Fascism (1922-1943)
Han Lamers, Bettina L. Reitz-Joosse, and Dirk Sacre
Neo-Latin Literature—The Low Countries
Tom Deneire
Neo-Latin Literature—The Nordic Countries
Minna Skafte Jensen
Neo-Latin Literature—The Ottoman Empire
Zweder von Martels
Neo-Latin Literature—Poland
Piotr Urbański
Neo-Latin Literature—Portugal
Ricardo da Cunha Lima
Neo-Latin Literature—Slovakia
Erika Jurikova
Neo-Latin Literature—Spain: The Long Sixteenth Century
Alejandro Coroleu
Neo-Latin Literature—Spain: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Alejandro Coroleu
Neo-Latin Online
Demmy Verbeke
Neo-Latin Societies
Demmy Verbeke
Neo-Latin Supplements to Classical Latin Works
Craig Kallendorf
New World: Epic Writing
Andrew Laird
Orders of Architecture
Lex Hermans
Orthography of Neo-Latin
Milena Minkova
Pasquinades
David Marsh
Patronage
Susanna de Beer
Perotti’s Cornu copiae
Marianne Pade
Petrarca, Francesco
Karl A. E. Enenkel
Philology—France
Gerald Sandy
Pioneers of Neo-Latin Studies—Henry De Vocht
Demmy Verbeke
Pioneers of Neo-Latin Studies—Jozef IJsewijn
Demmy Verbeke
Pioneers of Neo-Latin Studies—Paul Oskar Kristeller
Demmy Verbeke
Pliny (On Art)
Maia Wellington Gahtan
Poetic Genres—The Cento: Poetry
Jane Stevenson
Poetic Genres—The Cento: Theory
Tom Deneire
Poetic Genres—Epistles
David A. Porter
Poetic Genres—Heroides
Paul White
Poetic Genres—Occasional Poetry: Practice
Susanna de Beer
Poetic Genres—Occasional Poetry: Theory
Ingrid A. R. De Smet
Poetics—Scaliger, Vida, Pontanus, Vossius
David A. Porter
Praise and Blame
Marc Laureys
Print and Pedagogy
Andrew Taylor
Printing Centres—Basel: Johannes Frobenius, Johannes Amerbach, and Others
Paul White
Printing Centres—Estienne Family
Paul White
Printing Centres—Geneva: Henri II Estienne, Jean Crespin, and Others
Paul White
Printing Centres—The Officina Plantiniana
Jeanine De Landtsheer
Printing Centres—Paris: Jodocus Badius Ascensius, Robert I Estienne, and Others
Paul White
Printing Centres—Strasbourg
Paul White
Printing Centres—Venice: Aldus Manutius and the Aldine Press
Andrew Taylor
Psychiatry—Neo-Latin Sources for its History
Yasmin Haskell
Rhetoric in Architecture
Lex Hermans
Roman Law and bonae litterae
Gerald Sandy
School Colloquia
Tom Deneire
Scribes
Dustin Mengelkoch
Secundus, Joannes
Jane Stevenson
Seneca’s Philosophical Works—Editions and Commentaries
Jill Kraye
Sermons
Jon Balserak
Shakespeare, William [NOT IN PRINT EDITION]
Thomas L. Herron
Spinoza
Guido Giglioni
The Strasbourg Gymnasium (1543 Edition)—Prescribed Texts: Grammar, the Humanities, and Rhetoric
Raphaele Garrod
Swedenborg, Emanuel
Hans Helander
Terence as a School Text: Commentaries
Jan Bloemendal
Thou, Jacques Auguste de
Ingrid A. R. De Smet
Translation as a Source for Neologisms
Marianne Pade
Travel Journals and Guidebooks in Latin
Monique Mund-Dopchie
The Typography of Renaissance Humanism
Andrew Taylor
Valla, Lorenzo
Lodi Nauta
Valla’s Elegantiae linguae Latinae
Marianne Pade
Virgilianism
Craig Kallendorf
Vitruvianism
Lex Hermans
Women in Renaissance England and Neo-Latin Translation
Brenda M. Hosington
Women Prodigies—Anna Maria van Schurman, Elena Piscopia, and Others
Jane Stevenson
Women Writers in the Elizabethan Period
Jane Steve