Spatial overlap between domestic cats and wild felines in an insular Atlantic Forest remnant

in Animal Biology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.

Help

 

Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?

Connect

Abstract

Anthropogenic changes are a major threat to biodiversity. One of these possible changes that affect biodiversity is the introduction of domestic species in the environment, which might represent a threat to wild species. The domestic cat, in particular, has biological and behavioral characteristics that allow a great adaptability to natural areas, thus representing a potential risk to the native species, mainly to the other members of the Felidae family. In this study, the spatial overlap between four species of Neotropical wildcats and domestic cats living in an Atlantic Forest Protected Area in one of the most important forest remnants of this ecosystem was verified. The results indicate the need to adopt mitigation measures against the potential risks of this interaction with the goal of preserving the native species.

Sections
References
  • BeutelT.ReinekingB.TiesmeyerA.NowakC. & HeurichM. (2017) Spatial patterns of co-occurrence of the European wildcat Felis silvestris silvestris and domestic cats Felis silvestris catus in the Bavarian Forest National Park. Wildl. Biol.2017. DOI:10.2981/wlb.00284.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BevinsS.N.CarverS.BoydstonE.E.LyrenL.M.AlldredgeM.LoganK.A.RileyS.P.D.FisherR.N.VickersT.W.BoyceW.SalmanM.LappinM.R.CrooksK.R. & Vande Woude S. (2012) Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: implications for infectious disease transmission. PLoS One7e.31403. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0031403.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BiróZ.SzemethyL. & HeltaiM. (2004) Home range sizes of wildcats (Felis silvestris) and feral domestic cats (Felis silvestris f. catus) in a hilly region of Hungary. Mamm. Biol.69302-310.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BiróZ.LanszkiJ.SzemethyL.HeltaiM. & RandiE. (2005) Feeding habits of feral domestic cats (Felis catus), wild cats (Felis silvestris) and their hybrids: trophic niche overlap among cat groups in Hungary. J. Zool. (Lond.)266187-196.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrawataR.L. & NeemanT. (2011) Is water the key? Dingo management, intraguild interactions and predator distribution around water points in arid Australia. Wildl. Res.38426-436.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BressanP.M.KierulffM.C.M. & SugiedaA.M. (2009) Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção No Estado de São Paulo: Vertebrados. Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo e Secretaria do Meio AmbienteSão Paulo, Brazil.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrookL.A.JohnsonC.N. & RitchieE.G. (2012) Effects of predator control on behaviour of an apex predator and indirect consequences for mesopredator suppression. J. Appl. Ecol.491278-1286.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrownM.A.CunninghamM.W.RocaA.L.TroyerJ.L.JohnsonW.E. & O’BrienS.J. (2008) Genetic characterization of Feline Leukemia virus from Florida Panthers. Emerg. Infect. Dis.14252-259.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarvalhoW.D.RosalinoL.M.DalponteJ.C.SantosB.AdaniaC.H. & EsbérardC.E.L. (2015) Can footprints of small and medium sized felids be distinguished in the field? Evidences from Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. Trop. Conserv. Sci.8760-777.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ChomelB.B.BoulouisH.J. & BreitschwerdtE.B. (2004) Cat scratch and other zoonotic Bartonella infections. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.2241270-1279.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CourchampF.SayL. & PontierD. (2000) Transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus in a population of cats (Felis catus). Wildl. Res.27603-611.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DohertyT.S.BengsenA.J. & DavisR.A. (2014) A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management. Wildl. Res.41435-446.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FerreiraG.A. & GenaroG. (2017) Predation of birds by domestic cats on a Neotropical island. Int. J. Avian & Wildl. Biol.200017. DOI:10.15406/ijawb.2017.02.00017.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FerreiraG.A.Nakano-OliveiraE. & GenaroG. (2012) Gatos: vilões ou vítimas? Rev. Exp. Campo322-26.

  • FerreiraG.A.PintoM.L.Nakano-OliveiraE. & GenaroG. (2013) Dermatitis prompted by a collar employed in radio-telemetry monitoring. Anim. Welf.22195-197.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FerreiraG.A.Nakano-OliveiraE. & GenaroG. (2014) Domestic cat predation on Neotropical species in an insular Atlantic Forest remnant in southeastern Brazil. Wildl. Biol.20167-175.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FerreiraG.A.Nakano-OliveiraE.AndrioloA. & GenaroG. (2016a) The influence of female presence and seasonality on the home range size and activity patterns of male domestic cats in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. J. Ethol.34207-217.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FerreiraG.A.Nakano-OliveiraE. & GenaroG. (2016b) Letter to the editor. Trop. Conserv. Sci.9563-564.

  • FerreiraJ.P.LeitãoI.Santos-ReisM. & RevillaE. (2011) Human related factors regulate the spatial ecology of domestic cats in sensitive areas for conservation. PLoS One6e25970. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0025970.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FilonniC.Catão-DiasJ.L.BayG.DurigonE.L.JorgeR.P.LutzH. & Hofmann-LehmannR. (2006) First evidence of feline herpesvirus, calicivirus, parvovirus, and Ehrlichia exposure in Brazilian free-ranging felids. J. Wildl. Dis.42470-477.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FitzgeraldB.M. & TurnerD.C. (2000) Hunting behaviour of domestic cats and their impact on prey populations. In: D.C. Turner & P. Bateson (Eds) The Domestic Cat: the Biology of Its Behaviour pp. 149-175. Cambridge University PressCambridge, MA, USA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FurtadoM.M.De Ramos FilhoJ.D.SchefferK.C.CoelhoC.J.CruzP.S.IkutaC.Y.JácomoA.T.A.PorfírioG.E.O.SilveiraL.SollmannR.TôrresN.M. & NetoJ.S.F. (2013) Serosurvey for selected viral infections in free-ranging jaguars (Panthera onca) and domestic carnivores in Brazilian Cerrado, Pantanal and Amazon. J. Wildl. Dis.49510-521.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GehrtS.D.WilsonE.C.BrownJ.L. & AnchorC. (2013) Population ecology of free-roaming cats and interference competition by coyotes in urban parks. PLoS One8e75718. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0075718.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GenovesiP.BesaM. & TosoS. (1995) Ecology of a feral cat Felis catus population in an agricultural area of northern Italy. Wildl. Biol.1233-237.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GerholdR.W. & JessupD.A. (2013) Zoonotic diseases associated with free-roaming cats. Zoonosis Public Health60189-195.

  • HallL.S.KasparianM.A.Van VurenD. & KeltD.A. (2000) Spatial organization and habitat use of feral cats (Felis catus L.) in Mediterranean California. Mammalia6419-28.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HarperG.A. (2007) Habitat selection of feral cats (Felis catus) on a temperate, forested island. Austr. Ecol.32305-314.

  • HolmalaK. & KauhalaK. (2009) Habitat use of medium-sized carnivores in southeast Finland – key habitats for rabies spread? Ann. Zool. Fenn.46233-246.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ICMBio (Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade) (2014) Lista das espécies de fauna ameaçada de extinção. http://www.icmbio.gov.br/portal/biodiversidade/fauna-brasileira/lista-de-especies.html. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

  • IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2015) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. http://www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 12 December 2015.

  • JanssenA.SabelisM.W.MagalhãesS.MontserratM. & Van der HammenT. (2007) Habitat structure affects intraguild predation. Ecology882713-2719.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Krauze-GryzD.GryzJ.B.GoszczynskiJ.ChylareckiP. & ZmihorskiM. (2012) The good, the bad, and the ugly: space use and intraguild interactions among three opportunistic predators – cat (Felis catus), dog (Canis lupus familiaris), and red fox (Vulpes vulpes) – under human pressure. Can. J. Zool.901402-1413.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LazenbyB.T. & DickmanC.R. (2013) Patterns of detection and capture are associated with cohabiting predators and prey. PLoS One8e59846. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0059846.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LessaI.C.M. & BergalloH.G. (2012) Modelling the population control of the domestic cat: an example from an island in Brazil. Braz. J. Biol.72445-452.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LossS.R.WillT. & MarraP.P. (2013) The impact of free-ranging domestic cats on wildlife of the United States. Nat. Commun.41396.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LozanoJ.VirgósE.MaloA.F.HuertasD.L. & CasanovasJ.G. (2003) Importance of scrub – pastureland mosaics for wild-living cats occurrence in a Mediterranean area: implications for the conservation of the wildcat (Felis silvestris). Biodivers. Conserv.12921-935.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MacdonaldD.W.LoveridgeA.J. & RabinowitzA.R. (2010) Felid futures: crossing disciplines, borders and generations.. In: D.W. Macdonald & A.J. Loveridge (Eds) Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids pp. 599-649. Oxford University PressOxford, UK.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MarettiC.C. & FiletM. (1988) Ilha comprida: um desafio ao planejamento ambiental. Ambiente266-73.

  • MedinaF.M. & GarciaR. (2007) Predation of insects by feral cats (Felis silvestris catus L., 1758) on an oceanic island (La Palma, Canary Island). J. Insect Conserv.11203-207.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MedinaF.M. & NogalesM. (2009) A review on the impacts of feral cats (Felis silvestris catus) in the Canary Islands: implications for the conservation of its endangered fauna. Biodivers. Conserv.18829-846.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MedinaF.M.BonnaudE.VidalE.TershyB.R.ZavaletaE.S.DonlanC.J.KeittB.S.Le CorreM.HorwarthS.V. & NogalesM. (2011) A global review of the impacts of invasive cats on island endangered vertebrates. Glob. Chang. Biol.173503-3510.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MedinaF.M.BonnaudE.VidalE. & NogalesM. (2014) Underlying impacts of invasive cats on islands: not only a question of predation. Biodivers. Conserv.23327-342.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NogalesM.VidalE.MedinaF.M.BonnaudE.TershyB.R.CampbellK.J. & ZavaletaE.S. (2013) Feral cats and biodiversity conservation: the urgent prioritization of island management. Bio Science63804-810.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OliveiraT.G. & CassaroK. (2005) Guia de Campo dos Felinos Do Brasil. Instituto Pró-Carnívoros, Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo, Sociedade de Zoológicos do Brasil, Pró-Vida BrasilSão Paulo, Brazil.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OliveiraT.G.AlmeidaL.B. & CamposC.B. (2013a) Avaliação do risco de extinção da jaguatirica Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) no Brasil. Biodiv. Bras.366-75.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OliveiraT.G.TortatoM.A.AlmeidaL.B.CamposC.B. & BeisiegelB.M. (2013b) Avaliação do risco de extinção do gato-do-mato Leopardus tigrinus no Brasil. Biodiv. Bras.356-65.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PhillipsR.B.WinchellC.S. & SchmidtR.H. (2007) Dietary overlap of an alien and native carnivore on San Clemente island. Cal. J. Mammal.88173-180.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PolisG.A. & HoltR.D. (1992) Intraguild predation: the dynamics of complex trophic interactions. Trends Ecol Evol.7151-154.

  • PrimackR.B. & RodriguesE. (2001) Biologia da Conservação. Ed. Vida Londrina Brazil.

  • QuadrosJ. & Monteiro-FilhoE.L.A. (2006) Coleta e preparação de pêlos de mamíferos para identificação em microscópica óptica. Rev. Bras. Zool.23274-278.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RitchieE.G. & JohnsonC.N. (2009) Predator interactions, mesopredator release and biodiversity conservation. Ecol. Lett.12982-998.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchloegelL.M.DaszakP. & NavaA. (2005) Medicina da conservação: buscando causas e soluções práticas para doenças infecciosas emergentes. Nat. Conserv.329-41.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SilvaJ.F. & HartzR. (1987) Estudo de microclimas em ambientes de manguezais na região do complexo estuarino-lagunar de Cananéia. In: S. Watanabe (Ed.) Simpósio Sobre Ecossistemas da Costa sul e Sudeste Brasileira: Síntese dos Conhecimentos pp. 127-131. ACIESPSão Paulo, Brazil.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TennentJ. & DownsC.T. (2008) Abundance and home ranges of feral cats in an urban conservancy where there is supplemental feeding: a case study from South Africa. Afr. Zool.43218-229.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WangY. & FisherD.O. (2013) Dingoes affect activity of feral cats, but do not exclude them from the habitat of an endangered macropod. Wildl. Res.39611-620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WatanabeS.NakanishiN. & IzawaM. (2003) Habitat and prey resource overlap between the Iriomote cat Prionailurus iriomotensis and introduced feral cat Felis catus based on assessment of scat content and distribution. Mamm. Stud.2847-56.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WhiteG.C. & GarrotR.A. (1990) Analysis of Wildlife Radio-Tracking Data. Academic PressNew York, NY, USA.

Figures
  • View in gallery

    Location of the study area, the Environmental Protection Area of Ilha Comprida (EPAIC). (A) location of the State of São Paulo (SP), Brazil; (B) the area corresponding to EPAIC (shaded in grey); (C) location of the study area, with emphasis on the phytophysiognomies of the region, the area of anthropic occupation, transects used for data collection and the location of the camera traps, respectively, represented for the 2009/2010 and 2013 sampling periods.

  • View in gallery

    Resultsobtained in two years of monitoring in the southern region of the Environmental Protection Area of Ilha Comprida. On the left are data for domestic cats, containing the total number of location points, the location points (radio telemetry and sightings), number of the feces location points collected, records by camera traps (both domestic cats and wild cats), for the latter, the number of traces (footprints); Records of predation on domestic or wild animals, direct sightings recorded in the field and the total number of records obtained for wild felines (on the right).

  • View in gallery

    Overlapping points between the area of use of domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) and wild cats (Puma concolor, P. yagouaroundi, Leopardus pardalis and L. guttulus) in the Environmental Protection Area of Ilha Comprida, São Paulo, Brazil. (For pumas, footprint records at very close points were observed on different dates. These points appear to be overlapping in the figure: the third black circle, counting from below, inside the polygon located on the right of the figure.)

  • View in gallery

    Information on how many wildcat observations occurred inside and outside of the distribution areas of domestic cats and the type of record made. The information is also separated by species and divided by sampled locality (“Balsa” and “Praia”).

Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 102 102 24
Full Text Views 7 7 0
PDF Downloads 6 6 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0