Urban Defenses at Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai, Swat (Pakistan)

New Data from the 2014 Excavation Campaign

In: Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia
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This article reports on the latest data provided by the 2014 excavation campaign at the Early Historic urban site of Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai, Swat. The campaign, which followed an intensive 3-year excavation carried out inside the sw quarter of the ancient town, focused on the sw external area, and revealed a complex sequence of constructions, collapses and abandonment of the external defenses of the site. The new data are compared with others from previous excavation campaigns in the same site.

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