Foraging ecology of the Tokay gecko, Gekko gecko in a residential area in Thailand

in Amphibia-Reptilia
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Abstract

The foraging behavior of Gekko gecko was observed at the visitor complex of the Khao Khiao Open Zoo at the Khao Khiao-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary in Chon Buri Province, Thailand. Foraging parameters of G. gecko (foraging period, time spent moving, foraging attempts, foraging success, prey size consumed, and foraging distance) did not vary significantly between males, females, and juveniles. Individuals foraged between 18:01 and 09:00 hrs. Peak emergence time was between 18:01 and 20:00 hrs. Peak retreat time was between 04:01 and 07:00 hrs. Major food items included insects of the orders Lepidoptera, Orthoptera, and Coleoptera. Prey sizes of males, females, and juveniles were not significantly different, indicating no prey size selection. This may have been due to low insect availability in the habitat. Gekko gecko tended to be a sit-and-wait forager spending most of the time waiting for active prey. However, it sometimes foraged more actively when insect abundance was relatively high. Foraging behavior of males tended to be more variable than females and juveniles. In addition, variation in foraging parameters among individuals was noted. Foraging strategies of G. gecko observed in this study are interpreted in the context of optimal foraging theory.

Foraging ecology of the Tokay gecko, Gekko gecko in a residential area in Thailand

in Amphibia-Reptilia
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