The Finnish Climate Change Act: Architecture, Functions, and Challenges

In: Climate Law
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  • 1 University of Eastern Finland

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The article examines the key features and functions of the proposed Finnish Climate Change Act (fcca). It also analyses the legal implications of the Act and the qualities and factors which may limit its effectiveness. The paper argues that, despite its weak legal implications, the fcca would provide the regulatory preconditions for higher-quality climate policy-making in Finland, and it has the capacity to play an important role in national climate policy. The fcca would deliver regulatory foundations for systematic and integrated climate policy-making, also enabling wide public scrutiny. The proposed model leaves room for manifold climate-policy choices in varying societal and economical contexts. The cost of dynamic features is the relalow predictability in terms of sectorial paths on emission reductions. Another relevant challenge relates to the intended preparation of overlapping mid-term energy and climate plans with instruments of the fcca.

  • 16

    In 2011, the unfccc parties affirmed their wish to conclude this new climate change agreement in 2015 with entry into force in 2020. Decision 1/CP.17, Establishment of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action, FCcc/cp/2011/9/Add.1, 15 March 2012.

  • 53

    Climate Change Bill 82/2014, p. 46.

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