An early record of a vesselless angiosperm from the middle Cenomanian of the Envigne valley (Vienne, Western France)

In: IAWA Journal

ABSTRACT

Thousands of silicified wood fragments were recently collected from the middle Cenomanian of Vienne in western France at less than 10 km away from a historical locality where in 1870 the French geologist Alphonse Le Touzé de Longuemar reported silicified wood. The plant assemblage is very diverse, and includes several species of ferns, conifers, and angiosperms. We describe and discuss the systematic affinities of a new vesselless angiosperm. Many of its characters are shared by extant and fossil Winteraceae. Nevertheless, the absence of uniseriate rays makes the anatomy of these specimens unique. Its combination of characters justifies the establishment of a new genus of vesselless fossil angiosperm wood of uncertain affinity, Sherwinoxylon gen. nov.

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG). 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Bot. J. Linn. Soc.181: 120. https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AzémaCDurandSMédusJ. 1972. Des miospores du Cénomanien moyen. Paléobiologie continentale3 (4): 154.

  • BaasPWheelerEA. 1996. Parallelism and reversibility in xylem evolution – a review. IAWA J.17: 351364. DOI: .

  • BaileyIW. 1944. The comparative morphology of the Winteraceae: III. Wood. J. Arnold Arbor.25: 97103.

  • BaileyIW. 1957. Additional notes on the vesselless dicotyledonAmborella trichopoda Baill. J. Arnold Arbor.38: 374380.

  • BaileyIWSwamyBGL. 1948. Amborella trichopoda Baill., a new morphological type of vesselless dicotyledon. J. Arnold Arbor. 29: 245254.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BourgueilBCariouEMoreauPDuclouxJ. 1976. Carte géologique de la France au 1/50 000. Vouneuil-sur-Vienne. XVIII-26. BRGMOrléans.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarlquistS.1975. Ecological strategies of xylem evolution. University of California PressBerkeley.

  • CarlquistS.1981. Wood anatomy of Zygogynum (Winteraceae); field observations. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.3: 28192.

  • CarlquistS.1982. Exospermum stipitatum (Winteraceae): observations on wood, leaves, flowers, pollen, and fruit. Aliso10: 277289.

  • CarlquistS.1983a. Wood anatomy of Belliolum (Winteraceae) and a note on flowering. J. Arnold Arbor.64: 161169.

  • CarlquistS.1983b. Wood anatomy of Bubbia (Winteraceae), with comments on origin of vessels in dicotyledons. Am. J. Bot.70: 578590. DOI: .

  • CarlquistS.1987. Presence of vessels in wood of Sarcandra (Chloranthaceae); comments on vessel origins in angiosperms. Am. J. Bot.74: 17651771. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarlquistS.1988. Wood anatomy of Drimys s. s. (Winteraceae). Aliso12: 8195.

  • CarlquistS.1989. Wood anatomy of Tasmannia. Aliso12: 257275.

  • CarlquistS.1992. Wood anatomy and stem of Chloranthus; summary of wood anatomy of Chloranthaceae, with comments on relationships, vessellessness, and the origin of monocotyledons. IAWA J.13: 316. https://doi.org/10.1163/22941932-90000556.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarlquistS.2000. Wood and bark anatomy of Takhtajania (Winteraceae); phylogenetic and ecological implications. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard.87: 317322. DOI: .

  • CarlquistS.2001. Comparative wood anatomy. Systematic ecological and evolutionary aspects of dicotyledon wood. Ed. 2. Springer-VerlagBerlin.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarlquistSSchneiderEL. 2001. Vegetative anatomy of the New Caledonian endemic Amborella trichopoda: relationships with the Illiciales and implications for vessel origin. Pac. Sci.55: 305312.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarlquistSSchneiderEL. 2002. The tracheid–vessel element transition in angiosperms involves multiple independent features: cladistic consequences. Am. J. Bot.89: 185195. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ChaneyRWSanbornEI. 1933. The Goshen flora of west central Oregon. Carnegie Institution of Washington PublicationWashington.

  • ChaseMWSoltisDEOlmsteadRGMorganDLesDHMishlerBDDuvallMRPriceRAHillsHGQiuYLKronKARettigJHContiEPalmerJDManhartJRSytsmaKJMichaelHJKressWJKarolKAClarkWDHedrénMGautBSJansenRKKimKJWimpeeCFSmithJFFurnierGRStraussSHXiangQYPlunkettGMSoltisPSSwensenSMWilliamsSEGadekPAQuinnCJEguiarteLEGolenbergELearnGHGrahamSWJrBarrettSCHDayanandanSAlbertVA. 1993. Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard.80: 528580. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ChristenhuszMJFayMFChaseMW. 2017. Plants of the world: An illustrated encyclopedia of vascular plants. University of Chicago PressChicago.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CranePRManchesterSRDilcherDL. 1991. Reproductive and vegetative structure of Nordenskioldia (Trochodendraceae), a vesselless dicotyledon from the early Tertiary of the Northern Hemisphere. Am. J. Bot.78: 13111334. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CriéL.1884. Contribution à l’étude de la flore crétacée de l’Ouest de la France. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris99: 511513.

  • DettmannMEJarzenDM. 1990. The Antarctic/Australian rift valley: Late Cretaceous cradle of northeastern Australasian relicts?Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol.65: 131144. https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-6667(90)90064-P.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DoustANDrinnanAN. 2004. Floral development and molecular phylogeny support the generic status of Tasmannia (Winteraceae). Am. J. Bot.91: 321331. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DoyleJA. 2000. Paleobotany, relationships, and geographic history of Winteraceae. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard.87: 303316. DOI: .

  • DoyleJAEndressPK. 2014. Integrating Early Cretaceous fossils into the phylogeny of living angiosperms: ANITA lines and relatives of Chloranthaceae. Int. J. Plant Sci.175: 555600. https://doi.org/10.1086/675935.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DoyleJAHottonCLWardJV. 1990. Early Cretaceous tetrads, zonasulcate pollen, and Winteraceae. I. Taxonomy, morphology, and ultrastructure. Am. J. Bot.7715441557. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EklundHDoyleJAHerendeenPS. 2004. Morphological phylogenetic analysis of living and fossil Chloranthaceae. Int. J. Plant Sci.165: 107151. DOI: .

  • EndressPK. 1986. Floral structure, systematics, and phylogeny in Trochodendrales. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard.73: 297324. DOI: .

  • FeildTSBrodribbTHolbrookNM. 2002. Hardly a relict: freezing and the evolution of vesselless wood in Winteraceae. Evolution56: 464478. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820. 2002.tb01359. x.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FeildTSZwienieckiMABrodribbTJaffréTDonoghueMJHolbrookNM. 2000. Structure and function of tracheary elements in Amborella trichopoda. Int. J. Plant Sci.161: 705712. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FleuryRPoletteFBattenDJDurandMMoreauJDNéraudeauDStrullu-DerrienCRedoisF. 2017. Palaeobotanical investigation of a Cenomanian clay lens in Hucheloup Quarry, Maine-et-Loire, NW France: Taxonomic, stratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental implications. Ann. Paleontol.103: 235250. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FriisEMCranePRPedersenKR. 2011. Early flowers and angiosperm evolution. Cambridge University PressCambridge.

  • FriisEMPedersenKRCranePR. 1994. Angiosperm floral structures from the Early Cretaceous of Portugal. Plant Syst. Evol. Suppl. 8: 3149. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-6910-0_3.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GabillyJCariouE. 1997. Poitou Vendée Charentes. Guides géologiques régionaux. Ed. 2. MassonParis.

  • GassonPBaasPWheelerE. 2011. Wood anatomy of CITES-listed tree species. IAWA J.32: 155198. DOI: .

  • GomezBCoiffardCDépréEDaviero-GomezVNéraudeauD. 2008. Diversity and histology of a plant litter bed from the Cenomanian of Archingeay–Les Nouillers (southwestern France). C. R. Palevol.7: 135144. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GomezBDaviero-GomezVGarciaGCanerLBouraABarralACantinollePValentinX. 2018. Silicified plant megafossils from the upper Turonian of Vienne, western France. Earth Environ. Sci. Trans. R. Soc. Edinb.108: 449457. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GomezBDaviero-GomezVPerrichotVThévenardFCoiffardCPhilippeMNéraudeauD. 2004. Assemblages floristiques de l’Albien-Cénomanien de Charente-Maritime (SO France). Ann. Paleontol.90: 147159. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GottwaldH.1992. Hölzer aus marinen Sanden des oberen Eozän von Helmstedt (Niedersachsen). Palaeontographica B225: 27103.

  • GregoryMPooleIWheelerEA. 2009. Fossil dicot wood names: an annotated list with full bibliography. IAWA Journal Supplement 6220 pp.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GregussP.1955. Identification of living gymnosperms on the basis of xylotomy. Akadémiai KiadoBudapest.

  • GregussP.1963. A new homoxylous tree Tetracentronites hungaricum n. sp. The Palaeobotanist12: 110.

  • GrímssonFGrimmGWPottsAJZetterRRennerSS. 2018. A Winteraceae pollen tetrad from the early Paleocene of western Greenland, and the fossil record of Winteraceae in Laurasia and Gondwana. J. Biogeogr.45: 567581. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrímssonFXafisANeumannFHZetterR. 2017. Pollen morphology of extant Winteraceae: a study allowing SEM-based affiliation of its fossil representatives. Acta Palaeobot.57: 339396. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HergertHLPhinneyHK. 1954. Trochodendroxylon beckii gen. et sp. nov. from the Tertiary of Oregon. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club81: 118122. DOI: .

  • HuffordLCranePR. 1989. A preliminary phylogenetic analysis of the “lower” Hamamelidae. In: CranePRBlackmoreS (eds.) Evolution systematics and fossil history of the HamamelidaeVol. 1: 175192. Clarendon PressOxford.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CommitteeIAWA. 1989. IAWA List of microscopic features for hardwood identification. IAWA Bull. n. s.10: 219332.

  • InsideWood. 2004-onwards. Published on the Internet. http://insidewood.lib.ncsu.edu/search [October 2018].

  • JonesTPRoweNP. 1999. Fossil plants and spores: modern techniques. Geol. Soc. London.

  • JudNARothwellGWStockeyRA. 2010. Paleoecological and phylogenetic implications of Saxicaulis meckertii gen. et sp. nov.: a bennettitalean stem from the Upper Cretaceous of western North America.Int. J. Plant Sci. 171: 915925. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JuignetPMédusJ. 1971. Les argiles noires d’Écommoy (Sarthe): Précisions sédimentologiques et palynologiques. Bull. Soc. géol. Fr.6: 310312.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KeatingWGBolzaE. 1982. Characteristics properties and uses of timbers. Vol. I.Southeast Asia, Northern Australia and the Pacific. Texas A & M University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LaingJF. 1975. Mid-Cretaceous angiosperm pollen from southern England and northern France. Palaeontol.18: 775808.

  • LiHFChawSMDuCMRenY. 2011. Vessel elements present in the secondary xylem of Trochodendron and Tetracentron (Trochodendraceae). Flora. 206: 595600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2010.11.018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MathiesenJ.1932. Notes on some fossil plants from East Greenland. Medd. Grønl.85: 162.

  • MédioniRDebrand-PassardSPernaGWeecksteenM. 1974. Carte géologique au 1/50 000. Châtellerault. XVIII-25. BRGM, Orléans.

  • MetcalfeCRChalkL. 1950. Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. The Clarendon PressOxford.

  • MetcalfeCRChalkL. 1987. Anatomy of the DicotyledonsSecond EditionVolume 3. Oxford Scientific Publications.

  • MeylanBAButterfieldBG. 1978. The structure of New Zealand woods. N Z Dept. Sci. Ind. Res. Bull.222.

  • MildenhallDCCrosbieYM. 1979. Some porate pollen from the upper Tertiary of New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Geol. Geop.22: 499508. DOI: .

  • NardiREdlmannA. 1992. Legnami tropicali importati in Italia: anatomia e identificazione. Vol. II. América Latina. Istituto di Assestamento e Tecnología ForestaleFirenze.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NéraudeauDAllainRPerrichotVVidetB De BroinFGuillocheauFPhilippeMRageJCVulloR. 2003. Découverte d’un dépôt paralique à bois fossiles, ambre insectifère et restes d’Iguanodontidae (Dinosauria, Ornithopoda) dans le Cénomanien inférieur de Fouras (Charente-Maritime, sud-ouest de la France). C. R. Palevol.2: 221230. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NéraudeauDPerrichotVBattenDJBouraAGirardVJeanneauLNohraYAPoletteFSaint MartinSSaint MartinJPThomasR. 2017. Upper Cretaceous amber from Vendée, north-western France: age dating and geological, chemical, and palaeontological characteristics. Cretac. Res.70: 7795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2016.10.001.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NéraudeauDPerrichotVColinJPGirardVGomezBGuillocheauFMasureEPeyrotDTostainFVidetBVulloR. 2008. A new amber deposit from the Cretaceous (uppermost Albian-lowermost Cenomanian) of southwestern France. Cretac. Res.29: 925929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2008.05.009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NéraudeauDRedoisFBallèvreMDuplessisBGirardVGomezBDaviero-GomezVMelliereBPerrichotV. 2013. L’ambre cénomanien d’Anjou: stratigraphie et paléontologie des carrières du Brouillard et de Hucheloup (Ecouflant, Maine-et-Loire). Ann. Paleontol.99: 361374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annpal.2013.10.001.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NéraudeauDVulloRGomezBPerrichotVVidetB. 2005. Stratigraphie et paléontologie (plantes, vertébrés) de la série paralique Albien terminal–Cénomanien basal de Tonnay-Charente (Charente-Maritime, France). C. R. Palevol.4: 7993. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crpv.2004.11.008.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PageVM. 1968. Angiosperm wood from the Upper Cretaceous of Central California: Part II. Am. J. Bot.55: 168172. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1968.tb06957.x.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PageVM. 1970. Angiosperm wood from the Upper Cretaceous of central California: III. Am. J. Bot.57: 11391144. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2441279.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PatelRN. 1974. Wood anatomy of the dicotyledons indigenous to New Zealand 4. Wintera -ceae. N. Z. J. Bot.12: 1932. https://doi.org/10.1080/0028825X.1973.10430261.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PeyrotDJollyDBarrónE. 2005. Apport de données palynologiques à la reconstruction paléoenvironnementale de l’Albo-Cénomanien des Charentes (Sud-Ouest de la France).C. R. Palevol. 4: 151165. DOI : .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PhilippeMCunyGBashforthA. 2010. Ecpagloxylon mathiesenii gen. nov. et sp. nov., a Jurassic wood from Greenland with several primitive angiosperm features. Plant Syst. Evol.287: 153165. DOI .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PonsDLauverjatJBroutinJ. 1980. Paléoclimatologie comparée de deux gisements du Crétacé supérieur d’Europe occidentale. Mém. Soc. géol. Fr.139: 151158.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PooleIFrancisJE. 2000. The first record of fossil wood of Winteraceae from the Upper Cretaceous of Antarctica. Ann. Bot.85: 307315. https://doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1999.1049.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RenYChenLTianXHZhangXHLuAM. 2007. Discovery of vessels in Tetracentron (Trochodendraceae) and its systematic significance. Pl. Syst. Evol.267: 155161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-007-0563-9.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RichterHGDallwitzMJ. 2000-onwards. Commercial timbers: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. Version: 25th June 2009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RobinNVelasquezMBouraAGarciaGJauvionCBoiteauJMGomezBDaviero-GomezVValentinX. 2018. The oldest shipworms (Bivalvia, Pholadoidea, Teredinidae) preserved with soft parts (western France): insights into the fossil record and evolution of Pholadoidea. Palaeontol.61: 905918. https://doi.org/10.1111/pala.12376.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SakalaJSelmecziIHablyL. 2018. Reappraisal of Greguss’ fossil wood types and figured specimens from the Cenozoic of Hungary: Overview, corrected geology and systematical notes.Fossil Imprint74: 101114. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SaulnierGBouraABernardGDaviero-GomezVDe FranceschiDPonsDGarciaGBoiteauJ-MValentinX. 2018. Diversity in Cenomanian forests: an example from the Envigne Valley (Vienne), France. 10th European Palaeobotany and Palynology Conference, Dublin.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchrankE.2013. New taxa of winteraceous pollen from the Lower Cretaceous of Israel. Rev. Pal. Pal.195: 1925. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2013.03.005.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ScottRAWheelerEA. 1982. Fossil woods from the Eocene Clarno Formation of Oregon. IAWA J.3: 135154. https://doi.org/10.1163/22941932-90000829.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • StevensonDW. 1990. Morphology and systematics of the Cycadales. Mem. New York Bot. Gard.57: 855. http://dx.doi.org/10.21135/893273507.003.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • StoverLEPartridgeAD. 1973. Tertiary and Late Cretaceous spores and pollen from the Gippsland Basin, southeastern Australia. Proc. R. Soc. Victoria.85: 237286.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SuzukiMJoshiLNoshiroS. 1991. Tetracentron wood from the Miocene of Noto Peninsula, Central Japan, with a short revision of homoxylic fossil woods. Bot. Mag. (Tokyo)104: 3748. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SwamyBGLBaileyIW. 1950. Sarcandra, a vesselless genus of the Chloranthaceae. J. Arnold Arbor.31: 117129. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43781355.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TakahashiMHerendeenPSXiaoX. 2017. Two early eudicot fossil flowers from the Kamikitaba assemblage (Coniacian, Late Cretaceous) in northeastern Japan. J. Plant. Res.130: 809826. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TanakaS.2008. Early Cretaceous angiosperm pollen fossils from Hokkaido, northern Japan. Terra Nostra2: 276277.

  • The Plant List. 2013. Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/[accessed October 2018].

  • ThomasNBruhlJJFordAWestonPH. 2014. Molecular dating of Winteraceae reveals a complex biogeographical history involving both ancient Gondwanan vicariance and longdistance dispersal. J. Biogeogr.41: 894904. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • UpchurchGRDilcherDL. 1990. Cenomanian angiosperm leaf megafossils, Dakota Formation, Rose Creek locality, Jefferson County, southeastern Nebraska. U.S. Geol. Survey Bull. 1915.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ValentinXGomezBDaviero-GomezVCharbonnierSFerchaudPKirejtshukAGLichtANéraudeauDVulloRGarciaG. 2014. Plant-dominated assemblage and invertebrates from the lower Cenomanian of Jaunay-Clan, western France. C. R. Palevol.13: 443454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crpv.2014.04.001.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WalkerJWBrennerGJWalkerAG. 1983. Winteraceous pollen in the Lower Cretaceous of Israel: early evidence of a magnolialean angiosperm family. Science220 (4603): 12731275. DOI: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WalkerJWWalkerAG. 1984. Ultrastructure of Lower Cretaceous angiosperm pollen and the origin and early evolution of flowering plants. Ann. Mo Bot. Gard.71: 464521. https://doi.org/10.2307/2399035.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WheelerEA. 2011. InsideWood - a web resource for hardwood anatomy. IAWA J.32: 199211. DOI: .

  • YoungDA. 1981. Are the angiosperms primitively vesselless?Syst. Bot.6: 313330. DOI: .

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 63 63 27
Full Text Views 13 13 4
PDF Downloads 9 9 4