Reception of Islamic Theology among Syriac Christians in the Thirteenth Century: The Use of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī in Barhebraeus’ Candelabrum of the Sanctuary

in Intellectual History of the Islamicate World
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‭The Syrian Orthodox Christian author Gregory Barhebraeus is known to have often drawn his inspiration and materials from the works of Muslim authors in composing his own writings. The paper provides an account of what is known about his borrowings from the works of Islamic theology, especially Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī’s Muḥaṣṣal afkār al-mutaqaddimīn wa-l-mutaʾakhkhirīn, in his major theological work, the Candelabrum of the Sanctuary, and attempts an assessment of his achievement through a comparison of this work with another of his theological works, the Book of Rays, as well as with Bar Shakkō’s Book of Treasures.‬

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  • 3

    ‭Takahashi“Mathematical Sciences” pp. 485–487.

  • 4

    ‭See Teule“Barhebraeus” pp. 604–607 with the literature cited there; also Takahashi “The Influence of al-Ghazālī”.‬

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  • 6

    ‭TakahashiBio-Bibliography p. 91.

  • 11

    ‭Poirier“Bar Hebraeus sur le libre arbitre” p. 33.

  • 12

    ‭KofflerDie Lehre des Barhebräus p. 28 and passim.‬

  • 13

    ‭KhouryQuatrième base p. 118; cf. ibid. pp. 246–249. The passage had been discussed earlier by Nau “Deux textes” p. 316; cf. Griffith “Disputes with Muslims” pp. 270f. Teule “Barhebraeus” p. 596 and the paper by Roggema in the present volume.‬

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  • 19

    ‭BakosCandélabre pp. 21 24f. 26f.‬

  • 21

    ‭BakosCandélabre pp. 530–532 [42–44]. Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī Muḥaṣṣal ed. Atāy pp. 87–92 ed. Saʿd pp. 23–27; cf. Horten Die philosophischen Ansichten pp. 198–201. Numbers have been inserted in brackets in the translation of the “First Objection” in the Candelabrum and the corresponding part of the Muḥaṣṣal to facilitate the identification of the correspondences.‬

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  • 33

    ‭TakahashiBio-Bibliography pp. 106–108.

  • 34

    ‭SachauVerzeichnis p. 683.

  • 35

    ‭Sepmeijer“The Book of Brilliance” pp. 381 386.

  • 36

    ‭TakahashiBio-Bibliography p. 491 (index). To Daniel’s manuscripts listed there one can now add Ms. Trichur Church of the East 82 a copy of the Book of Rays completed in 1372–1373 and heavily annotated in Arabic.‬

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  • 37

    ‭TakahashiAristotelian Meteorology pp. 601–613. Although the main text in the manuscript studied there (Florence Laur. or. 83) was not copied by Daniel it is known to have been in his possession and the vast majority of the marginal notes are in his hand.‬

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