Current knowledge of Coleoptera (Insecta) from the Lowermost Eocene Oise amber

in Insect Systematics & Evolution
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The paper provides an overview on fossil Coleoptera from the Lowermost Eocene Oise amber of the Paris Basin (circa 53 million years old). At present 45 beetle families have been found from this source. This fossil “fauna” has some peculiarities in comparison with other amber deposits. Some of these families are not recorded in older outcrops (Pselaphidae, Smicripidae, Coccinellidae, Ciidae). Some subfamilies and tribes of other groups have their oldest representatives recorded in Oise, i.e., Eurygeniinae (Anthicidae), Inopeplinae (Salpingidae), Trinodini (Dermestidae), Megatominae (Dermestidae), Attageninae (Dermestidae), Brontinae (Silvanidae), Synchitini (Zopheridae) and Opatrini (Tenebrionidae). The genera defined in the “Oise fauna” show various geographical links with relatives in the recent fauna. These alternative links support that the faunistic composition of the early Eocene had a weak zonal differentiation. Scirtes circumcisus sp.n., Boleopsidae fam.n., Boleopsis polinae gen. et sp.n. and Antiphloeus stramineus gen. et sp.n. are described. The synonymy of the genera Scirtes Latreille, 1796 and Eohelodites Hong, 2002 is proposed.

Current knowledge of Coleoptera (Insecta) from the Lowermost Eocene Oise amber

in Insect Systematics & Evolution

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Figures

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    Scirtes circumcisus sp.n. (Scirtidae), holotype, ♀. (1) Body, ventral view. (2) Idem, dorsal view. (3) Sternite VIII, ventral view. Length of specimen 2.2 mm.

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    Scirtes circumcisus sp.n. (Scirtidae), holotype, ♀. (4) Body, dorsal view. (5) Idem, lateroventral view. (6) Thorax, lateroventral view. (7) Abdominal apex and genitalia, dorsal view. Length of specimen 2.2 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/1876312x.

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    Boleopsis polinae gen. et sp.n. (Boleopsidae fam.n.), holotype. (8) Body, dorsal view. (9) Idem, ventral view. (10) Head and pronotum, dorsal view. (11) Head, ventral view. Abbreviation: sgc – subgenal carina. Length of specimen 2.6 mm.

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    Boleopsis polinae gen. et sp.n. (Boleopsidae fam.n.), holotype. (12) Pro- and mesotarsi, dorsal view. (13) Metacoxa and posterior leg, ventral view. Length of specimen 2.6 mm.

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    Boleopsis polinae gen. et sp.n. (Boleopsidae fam.n.), holotype. (14) Body, dorsal view. (15) Idem, ventral view. (16) Head, dorsal view. (17) Head, ventral view. Length of specimen 2.6 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/1876312x.

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    Boleopsis polinae gen. et sp.n. (Boleopsidae fam.n.), holotype. (18) Head and thorax, ventral view. (19) Posterior part of body, ventral view. (20) Pro- and mesotibiae, pro- and mesotarsi, dorsal view. Length of specimen 2.6 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/1876312x.

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    Antiphloeus stramineus gen. et sp.n. (Silvanidae), holotype. (21) Body, dorsal view. (22) Head, dorsal view. (23) Metatibia and tarsus, dorsal. (24) Pterothorax and abdomen, ventral view.(25) Head, ventral view. Length of specimen 2.8 mm.

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    Antiphloeus stramineus gen. et sp.n. (Silvanidae), holotype. (26) Prothorax, ventral view. (27) Mesotibia, mesotarsus, metacoxa and metafemur, ventral view. Length of specimen 2.8 mm.

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    Antiphloeus stramineus gen. et sp.n. (Silvanidae), holotype. (28) Body, dorsal view. (29) Body, ventral view. Length of specimen 2.8 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/1876312x.

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    Antiphloeus stramineus gen. et sp.n. (Silvanidae), holotype. (30) Lateral part of pterothorax, base of abdomen and legs, ventral view. (31) Head and prothorax, ventral view. Length of specimen 2.8 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/1876312x.

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