Discovery of new species confirms Oriental origin of Orussus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Orussidae)

in Insect Systematics & Evolution

The genus Orussus is reviewed, with primary focus on taxa from the Oriental Region; a revised key to the world species is presented. The newly described species are analysed with a comprehensive morphological data set encompassing the entire family. The discovery of the new species corroborates the earlier proposed hypothesis that Orussus originated in the Oriental Region. The following new species are described: O. areolatus Blank & Vilhelmsen from Morocco, O. hanumanus Vilhelmsen & Blank from India (described for O. decoomani auct.), O. punctulatissimus Blank & Vilhelmsen from Malaysia, and O. zhui Vilhelmsen, Liu, Smith & Blank from China. Currently O. decoomani Maa, 1950 from Vietnam cannot be interpreted properly and is considered a species inquirenda. Orussus mikagei Togashi, 2008 is proposed as a new synonym of O. rufipes Tsuneki, 1963.

  • AhnlundH. & RonquistF. (2001) Den röda parasitväxtstekelns (Orussus abietinus) biologi och förekomst i Norden. Entomologisk Tidskrift 122: 111.

  • AlexanderC.P. (1936) New or little-known Tipulidae from eastern Asia (Diptera), XXXII. Philippine Journal of Science 61: 113149 1 pl.

  • BeniaF.KhelilM.-A. & Pujade-VillarJ. (2009) Orussus taorminensis (Trautmann, 1922) encontrada por primera vez en Argelia (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). Boletin de la Asociacion Española de Entomologia 33: 267269.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BensonR.B. (1955) Classification of the Orussidae, with some new genera and species (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London Series B: Taxonomy 24: 1323.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BensonR.B. (1965) Some sawflies new to the Himalayan region (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Annals and Magazine of Natural History Series 13 8: 141144.

  • BerlandL. (1947) Hyménoptères Tenthredoides. In: Faune de France. Paris 47. Paul LechevalierParis, France: 493 pp.

  • BinghamC.T. (1908) Appendix to Mr. Wickwar’s paper. Spolia Zeylanica 5: 122123.

  • BlankS.M.KrausM. & TaegerA. (2006) Orussus smithi sp. n. and notes on other West Palaearctic Orussidae (Hymenoptera). In: BlankS. M.SchmidtS. & TaegerA. (Eds.) Recent Sawfly Research: Synthesis and Prospects. Goecke & EversKeltern pp. 265278.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BlankS.M.VilhelmsenL. & SmithD.R. (2010) Ophrynon (Hymenoptera: Orussidae) in California: diversity, distribution and phylogeny. Insect Systematics & Evolution 41: 327.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BlankS.M.GrollE.K.ListonA.D.ProusM.TaegerA. (2012) ECatSym – Electronic World Catalog of Symphyta (Insecta Hymenoptera).Program version 4.0 beta data version 39 (18.12.2012). Digital Entomological Information Müncheberg available online at http://sdei.senckenberg.de/ecatsym/.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ChevinH. (1986) Note sur les Hymenoptères Tenthredoides (XII). 26 – Tenthredes rares ou nouvelles pour la France. Bulletin mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 55: 336345.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EarleC.J. (Ed.) (2011) The Gymnosperm Database. Available online at http://www.conifers.org (accessed 8 January 2012).

  • FischbornM. (2011) Galapagos of the Orient. Ogasawara Islands Japan. Available online at http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/pa/pa_paday/?uNewsID=8523 (accessed 28 January 2012).

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GoloboffP.A.FarrisS. & NixonK. (2000) TNT (Tree analysis using New Technology) (BETA) ver. 1.0. Published by the authors Tucumán.

  • HuberJ.T. & SharkeyM.J. (1993) Chapter 3. Structure. In: GouletH. & HuberJ.T. (Eds.) Hymenoptera of the World: An identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada Ottawa ON Publication 1894/E pp. 1359.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KrausM. (1998) Die Orussidae Europas und des Nahen Ostens (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). In: TaegerA. & BlankS.M. (Eds.) Pflanzenwespen Deutschlands (Hymenoptera Symphyta). Kommentierte Bestandsaufnahme. Goecke & Evers Keltern pp. 283300.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MaaT. (1950) On some new Orussidae from Asia and Australia (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London Series B: Taxonomy 19: 2934.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MaddisonW & MaddisonD (2011). Mesquite 2.75. Available online at http://mesquiteproject.org/mesquite/mesquite.html

  • MiddlekauffW.W. (1983) A revision of the sawfly family Orussidae for North and Central America (Hymenoptera: Symphyta, Orussidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 101: 146.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PesariniF. & TurrisiG.F. (2003) Orussus taorminensis (Trautmann, 1922) (Hymenoptera, Orussidae), new to Iberian Peninsula and to Africa. Boletin de la Asociacion Espanola de Entomologia 27: 9398.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SainīM.S. (Ed.) (2009). Indian Sawflies Biodiversity. Keys Catalogue & IllustrationsVolume 6: Families Argidae Cimbicidae Diprionidae Pamphiliidae Siricidae Xiphydriidae Orussidae. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh Dehra Dun India: ix + 1168.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SainiM.S.BlankS.M. & SmithD.R. (2006) Checklist of the sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of India. In: BlankS. M.SchmidtS. & TaegerA. (Eds.) Recent Sawfly Research: Synthesis and Prospects. Goecke & EversKeltern pp. 575612.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ScoteseC.R. (2012) Plate tectonic maps and continental drift animations PALEOMAP Project. Available online at http://www.scotese.com (accessed 4 July 2012).

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchmidtS. & GibsonG.A.P. (2001) A new species of the genus Orussonia and the female of O. depressa (Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Orussidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 10: 113118.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ShinoharaA. (1983) Discovery of the families Xyelidae, Pamphiliidae, Blasticotomidae, and Orussidae from Taiwan, with description of four new species (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 85: 309320.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TaegerA.BlankS.M. & ListonA.D. (2006) European sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) – A species checklist for the countries. In: BlankS.M.SchmidtS. & TaegerA. (Eds.): Recent Sawfly Research: Synthesis and Prospects. Goecke & EversKeltern pp. 399504.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TaegerA.BlankS.M. & ListonA.D. (2010) World catalog of Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa 2580: 11064.

  • TogashiI. (2008) An additional species of the genus Orussus Konow (Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Orussidae) from Japan. Biogeography 10: 2325.

  • TsunekiK. (1963) A contribution to the knowledge of Orussidae in Japan, with the description of a new species (Hym., Symphyta). Etizenia 2: 15.

  • UkkolaT.HärkönenM. & ZhengZ. (2001) Myxomycetes of Hunan ProvinceChina. I. Annales botanici Fennici 38: 305328.

  • VilhelmsenL. (2001) Systematic revision of the genera Chalinus Konow, 1897 and Mocsarya Konow, 1897 (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 32: 361380.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VilhelmsenL. (2003) Phylogeny and classification of Orussidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera), a basal parasitic wasp taxon. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139: 337418.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VilhelmsenL. (2004) The old wasp and the tree: Fossils, phylogeny and biogeography in the Orussidae (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 139160.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VilhelmsenL. (2007) The phylogeny of Orussidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) revisited. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 65: 111118.

  • VilhelmsenL.IsidoroN.Romani R. BasibuyukH.H. & QuickeD.L.J. (2001) Host location and oviposition in a basal group of parasitic wasps: the subgenual organ, ovipositor apparatus, and associated structures in the Orussidae (Hymenoptera, Insecta). Zoomorphology 121: 6384.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VilhelmsenL. & SmithD.R. (2002) Revision of the ‘ophrynopine’ genera Argentophrynopus gen. n., Guiglia Benson, Kulcania Benson, Ophrella Middlekauff, Ophrynon Middlekauff, Ophrynopus Konow, and Stirocorsia Konow (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 33: 387420.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WeiM.NieH. & TaegerA. (2006) Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of China – Checklist and review of research. In: BlankS.M.SchmidtS. & TaegerA. (Eds.) Recent Sawfly Research: Synthesis and Prospects. Goecke & EversKeltern pp. 505574.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wikipedia (2012) Bonin Islands. Available online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonin_Islands (accessed 29 January 2012).

  • WuZ. & RavenP.H. (Eds.) (1999) Flora of China Volume 4 (Cycadaceae through Fagaceae). Science Press, Beijing, China and Missouri Botanical Garden PressSt. Louis, MO.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YasumatsuK. (1954) Orussus boninensis, a new species of Orussidae from the Bonin Islands (Hymenoptera). Insecta Matsumurana 18: 115118.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 301 283 23
Full Text Views 116 109 1
PDF Downloads 8 6 0