Taxonomic review of the tribe Sisyphini sensu strictoMulsant, 1842 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) in southern Africa, including new species descriptions

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution
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  • 1 Scarab Research Group, Department of Zoology & Entomology, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria 0002
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The tribe Sisyphini sensu stricto comprises only three genera, the widespread Sisyphus and Neosisyphus , and the Mauritius endemic, Nesosisyphus . In southern Africa, Sisyphus and Neosisyphus are represented by five species groups in each genus. Together, they comprise a total of 33 valid species, of which six are new: Sisyphus auricomus sp. n; Sisyphus australis sp. n ; Sisyphus bicuariensis sp. n; Sisyphus inconspicuus sp. n; Sisyphus swazi sp. n; and Neosisyphus tembyi sp. n. A further Southern African species, Sisyphus crispatus , is proposed as a nomen dubium. Sisyphus natalensis (syn. n), and Sisyphus bornemisszanus (pars) (syn. n) are made synonyms of Sisyphus sordidus . Lectotypes and paralectotypes are designated for Sisyphus costatus (); Sisyphus seminulum ; Sisyphus nanniscus ; Sisyphus transvaalensis ; Neosisyphus spinipes () and Neosisyphus barbarossa (). Diagnoses, photographs of habitus and male genitalia, lists of examined material and distribution maps are presented for all species. An identification key to the southern African sisyphine species is provided.

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