Review of the Stratiomyinae soldier flies of Australia (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), with a new genus and first records of Prosopochrysa de Meijere, 1907

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A taxonomic treatment for the genera of the soldier fly subfamily Stratiomyinae is provided for the Australian fauna, including the first key to the Australian genera and updated key for the genus Acanthasargus White, 1914. Each genus is diagnosed and illustrated, including: Acanthasargus, Odontomyia Meigen, 1803, the newly recorded genus Prosopochrysa de Meijere, 1907 and new species Prosopochrysa lemannae Lessard & Woodley, sp.n., and the new genus and species Scutellumina parvatra Woodley & Lessard, gen.n. et. sp.n. Four genera and 30 species of Stratiomyinae are now recognised from Australia.

Review of the Stratiomyinae soldier flies of Australia (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), with a new genus and first records of Prosopochrysa de Meijere, 1907

in Insect Systematics & Evolution

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Figures

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    Updated wing terminology of the Stratiomyidae annotated on: i) Scutellumina parvatra Woodley & Lessard, gen.n. et sp.n. holotype female (AMS K478750), dorsal view, and; ii) Odontomyia grandimaculata Hardy, 1920 syntype male (QM T3095), dorsal view. Abbreviations: A 1, first branch of anal vein; al, alula; dM 1+2, discal vein between r-m and M 1; dM 2, discal vein between M 1 and M 2; dM 3, discal vein between M 3 and M 4; dM 3+4, vein between M 3+4 and m-cu, or m-cu and M 4; bc, basal costal cell; bm, basal medial cell; br, basal radial cell; C, costal vein; c, costal cell; Cu, cubital vein; CuA, anterior branch of cubital vein; cua, anterior cubital cell; CuA+CuP, anterior branch of cubital vein + posterior branch of cubital vein; CuP, posterior branch of cubital vein; cup, posterior cubital cell; d, discal cell; H, humeral crossvein; M, medial vein; M 1, first medial branch; m 1, first medial cell; M 1+2, discal vein between r-m and M; M 2, second medial branch; m 2, second medial cell; m 2+3, combined second and third medial cell; M 3, third medial branch; m 3, third medial cell; M 4, fourth medial branch; m 4, fourth medial cell; m-cu, medial-cubital crossvein; m-m, medial crossvein; R 1, anterior branch of radius; r 1, first radial cell; R 2+3, fused second and third radial branch; r 2+3, second + third radial cell; R 4, upper third radial branch; r 4, fourth radial cell; R 5, lower third radial branch; r 5, fifth radial cell; Rs, radial sector; r-m, radial-medial crossvein; Sc, subcostal vein; sc, subcostal cell.

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    Distribution of the Stratiomyinae from Australia, including the first records of the genus Prosopochrysa de Meijere, 1907. ACT, Australian Capital Territory; NSW, New South Wales; NT, Northern Territory; Qld, Queensland; SA, South Australia; Tas, Tasmania; Vic, Victoria; WA, Western Australia.

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    Scutellumina parvatra Woodley & Lessard, gen.n. et sp.n. holotype ♂ (AMS K478750): (i) dorsum; (ii) lateral; (iii) head, frontal; (iv) head, anterolateral. Paratype ♂ (AMS K478750): (v) genital capsule and phallic complex, dorsal; (vi) genital capsule and phallic complex, ventral, and; (vii) epandrium, proctiger and cerci, dorsal. Abbreviations: c, cercus; ep, epandrium; gc, gonocoxite; gs, gonostylus; ph, phallus; pr, proctiger.

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    Acanthasargus palustris White, 1914 holotype ♀ (BMNH NMHUK010922302): (i) dorsum; (ii) lateral; (iii) head, frontal; (iv) head, anterolateral. © Trustees of the Natural History Museum, London.

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    Acanthasargus palustris White, 1914 ♂ (ANIC 29-037419): (i) dorsum; (ii) lateral; (iii) head, frontal; (iv) head, anterolateral.

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    Acanthasargus stricta (Erichson, 1842) comb.n. holotype ♀ (MFN): (i) dorsum; (ii) lateral.

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    Prosopochrysa lemannae Lessard & Woodley, sp.n. holotype ♀ (ANIC 29-037417): (i) dorsum; (ii) lateral; (iii) terminalia; (iv) head, frontal, and; (v) head, anterolateral.

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    Odontomyia stylata Macquart, 1847 syntype ♂ (BMNH NMHUK010922299): (i) dorsum; (ii) lateral; (iii) head, frontal; (iv) head, anterolateral. © Trustees of the Natural History Museum, London.

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    Odontomyia stylata Macquart, 1847 syntype ♀ (BMNH NHMUK010628940): (i) dorsum; (ii) lateral; (iii) head, frontal; (iv) head, anterolateral. © Trustees of the Natural History Museum, London.

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