Save

On the Margins of Ghana and Kawkaw: Four Seasons of Excavation at Tongo Maaré Diabal (AD 500-1150), Mali

In: Journal of African Archaeology
View More View Less
  • 1 Frobenius Institute, Frankfurt, Norbert-Wollheim-Platz 1, 60629 Frankfurt, Germany
  • | 2 UCL Institute of Archaeology, 31-34 Gordon Square, London, WC1H 0PY, United Kingdom
Download Citation Get Permissions

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institution

Purchase

Buy instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):

€29.95$34.95

Abstract

This article summarises the results of four seasons of excavation at Tongo Maaré Diabal (AD 500-1150), near Douentza, Mali. Deep stratigraphic excavations were directed by MacDonald and Togola in 1993, 1995 and by MacDonald in 1996. Complementary, large exposure excavations of the abandonment layer were undertaken by Gestrich in 2010. The combined excavation results speak to topics of craft specialisation, trade, and social organisation. They provide evidence of a specialised blacksmithing community situated at the margins of early Middle Niger and Niger Bend statehood and urbanisation.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 689 144 8
Full Text Views 373 74 1
PDF Views & Downloads 141 79 3