Middle Stone Age Technologies in Mozambique: A Preliminary Study of the Niassa and Massingir Regions

In: Journal of African Archaeology
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  • 1 ICArEHB, FCHS, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
  • 2 ICArEHB, FCHS, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
  • 3 ICArEHB, FCHS, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Department of Anthropology, University of Louisville, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
  • 4 ICArEHB, FCHS, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal

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Abstract

Southeast Africa has become an important region for understanding the development of the Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Anatomically Modern Humans. Due to its location between east and southern Africa, Mozambique is a key region for evaluating the development of Homo sapiens and the MSA across Africa. Here, we present the first results of lithic analyses of MSA assemblages collected during survey and testing in the Niassa and Massingir regions of Mozambique in 2014-2016. We were able to locate close to 200 new Stone Age surface sites. Data show that raw material use is different in the two areas. The lithic assemblages from both areas show the use of centripetal technology, but in Massingir, Levallois points, the respective cores and blade technology are frequent, they are almost absent in the northern region.

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