Niyanpangu-bansu: An Important Archaeological Site for the Reconstitution of the History of Caravan Trade in Northern Benin

In: Journal of African Archaeology
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  • 1 Department of History and Archaeology, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, BP 526, Cotonou, Littoral, Republic of Benin
  • | 2 Centre HABITER, Faculty of Architecture, Université libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
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Regarding the history of Borgu (North Benin), well-known events are the legend of Kisra, the war of Ilorin (1835-1836), and the destruction of the city named Niyanpangu. Referred to as Niyanpangu-bansu after its destruction, this archaeological site is known mostly from oral tradition and is located approximately three hundred kilometers west of Nikki (northeast Benin Republic). It has great historical significance which could contribute to our understanding of the history of caravan trade in northern Benin. This paper presents the results of the first ever archaeological research on the site in 2013 and 2014.

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