Beyond the Atlantic Paradigm

Slavery and Abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel

In: Journal of Global Slavery
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Purchase instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):

€29.95$34.95

Abstract

This article investigates the causes of the resilience of slavery in the region of Tahoua in the Republic of Niger in the West African Sahel. It attributes slavery’s lingering vitality to the semi-autonomous evolution of slavery and abolitionism in this region. It illustrates the historical processes through which, following colonial legal abolition, slavery in Tahoua started being challenged, but not effectively eradicated. The article shows that slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel are rooted in different historical processes and discursive genealogies than those that led to the development of colonial abolitionism and international law on slavery and trafficking. It advocates appropriate historical contextualization of slavery-related phenomena in regions where European abolitionism was initially tied to imperialism. In such regions different groups engaged critically with European attitudes toward local slavery. Following decolonization, the rise of Nigerien abolitionist movements was informed both by integration in international humanitarian networks and by engagement with the specific forms of slavery prevalent in local society.

  • Abdelkader, Galy Kadir. Slavery in Niger: Historical, Legal and Contemporary Perspectives (London and Niamey: Anti-Slavery International and Association Timidria, 2004).

  • Allain, Jean. April 2009. “Hadijatou Mani Koraou v. Republic of Niger: Judgement no. ECW/CCJ/JUD/06/08.” The American Journal of International Law 2 (103), 311–317.

  • Baier, Stephen, and Paul Lovejoy. “The Desert Side Economy of the Central Sudan”. The International Journal of African Historical Studies 8 (4) (1975), 551–581.

  • Barth, Henry, Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa: Being a Journal of an Expedition Undertaken Under the Auspices of H.R.M.’s Government in the Years 1849–1855 (London: Frank Cass, 1965 [1857]).

  • Baier, Stephen, and Paul Lovejoy. “The Tuareg of the Central Sudan: Gradations in servility at the desert’s edge (Niger and Nigeria)”. In Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives, eds. Igor Kopytoff and Suzanne Miers (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1977), 291–311.

  • Bernus, Edmond, and S. Bernus. “L’ évolution de la Condition Servile chez les Touaregs Sahéliens.” In Claude Meillassoux, ed., L’ Esclavage en Afrique Précoloniale. (Paris: Maspéro, 1975), 27–47.

  • Bernus, Edmond. “L’ évolution récente des relations entre éleveurs et agriculteurs en Afrique tropicale: l’ exemple du Sahel nigérien.” Etudes sur l’ élevage 11, no. 2 (1974):137–143.

  • Clapperton, Hugh. “Records of the Second Expedition, 1825–1827.” In Hugh Clapperton into the Interior of Africa, eds. Paul Lovejoy and Jamie Lockhart (Leiden: Brill, 2005).

  • Couillard, Valerie. Difficile Passage vers la liberté. Dix années de travail contre l’ esclavage par ascendance en Afrique de l’ Ouest (London: Anti-Slavery International, 2019).

  • Davis, David Brion. “Looking at Slavery from Broader Perspectives.” The American Historical Review 105 (2) (2000), 452–466.

  • Douglass, Frederick. “The Significance of Emancipation in the West Indies.” In The Frederick Douglass Papers, ed. John Blassingame (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985), 3 (speeches, debates, and interviews 1855–1863).

  • Duffy, Helen. “Hadijatou Mani Koroua [sic] v Niger: Slavery Unveiled by the ECOWAS Court.” Human Rights Law Review 1 (9) (2009), 151–170.

  • Eltis, David, and Stanley Engerman. “Dependence, Servility, and Coerced Labor in Time and Space.” In The Cambridge World History of Slavery, eds. David Eltis and Stanley Engerman (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), 3: 1–21.

  • Fall, Babacar. Le travail forcé en Afrique-occidentale Française (1900–1946) (Paris: Karthala, 1993).

  • Hahonou, Eric Komlavi. “Slavery and Politics: Stigma, Decentralisation, and Political Mobilisation in Niger and Benin.” In Reconfiguring Slavery: West African Trajectories, ed. Benedetta Rossi (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009), 152–181.

  • Hahonou, Eric. “Past and Present African Citizenships of Slave Descent: Lessons from Benin”. Citizenship Studies 15 (1) (2011), 75–92.

  • Ismard, Paulin. “Ecrire l’ histoire de l’ esclavage: entre approche global et perspective comparatiste”. Annales HSS 72 (1) (2017) 7–43.

  • Ismard, Paulin, La cité et ses esclaves: Institutions, fictions, expériences (Paris: Seuil, 2019).

  • Klein, Martin, Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

  • Kopytoff, Igor, and Suzanne Miers. “Introduction”. In Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives, eds. Igor Kopytoff and Suzanne Miers (Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1977), 3–84.

  • Lovejoy, Paul E., and Alexander Sydney Kanya-Forstner, Slavery and Its Abolition in French West Africa: The Official Reports of G. Poulet (Madison Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1994).

  • Lovejoy, Paul E. Transformations in Slavery A History of Slavery in Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

  • Miers, Suzanne. Slavery in the Twentieth Century (Walnut Creek: Altamira Press, 2003).

  • Miller, Joseph. The Problem of Slavery as History: A Global Approach (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012).

  • Nicolas, Francis. Tamesna: Les Ioullemeden de l’ Est ou Tuareg Kel Denneg (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1950).

  • Patterson, Orlando. Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018 [1982]).

  • Pelckmans, Lotte, and Christine Hardung. “La question de l’ esclavage en afrique: politisation et mobilisations.” Politique Africaine 4 (140) (2015): 5–22.

  • Rossi, Benedetta. “Being and Becoming Hausa in Ader.” In Being and Becoming Hausa: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, eds. Anne Haour and Benedetta Rossi (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010), 113–140.

  • Rossi, Benedetta. “Without History? Interrogating ‘Slave’ Memories in Ader (Niger).” In African Voices on Slavery and the Slave Trade, eds. Alice Bellagamba, Sandra Greene and Martin Klein (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 536–554.

  • Rossi, Benedetta. “From Unfree Work to Working for Free: Labor, Aid, and Gender in the Nigerien Sahel, 1930–2000”. International Labor and Working-Class History 92 (2017), 155–182.

  • Thioub, Ibrahima. “Regard critique sur les lectures africaines de l’ esclavage et de la traite atlantique.” In Les Historiens africains et la mondialisation eds. Issiaka Mandé and Blandine Stefanson (Paris: Karthala, 2005).

  • Tidjani-Alou, Mahaman. “Démocratie, exclusion sociale et quête de citoyenneté: cas de l’ association Timidria au Niger.” Journal des Africanistes 70 (1–2) (2000), 173–195.

  • Tilho, J.A.M., Documents Scientifiques de la Mission Tilho. 3 volumes. Paris, 1910–1914 (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1926).

  • Vidal, Cécile. “Pour une histoire globale du monde Atlantique ou des histoires connectées dans et au-delà du monde atlantique?” Annales HSS 67 (2012), 391–413.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 219 149 14
Full Text Views 50 44 2
PDF Views & Downloads 58 53 5