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Counterfactual Thinking Made in a Relevant Choice and Negative Consequences

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture
Authors:
Juan F. Muñoz-Olano Professor, Escuela de Psicología, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia Tunja, Boyacá Colombia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9055-2586
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Glenys J. Ruiz-Zapata Neuropsychologist and Independent Practitioner, Neuroser de occidente IPS. SAS. Cauca Colombia

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Abstract

The counterfactual thinking cannot be only developed in early childhood, but it also could be a requirement for the causal reasoning. In this research a replica of German (1999) was made using counterfactual stories with Latin American kids between three and four years, demonstrating the possible main role counterfactual reasoning, by using computer animations. This was a different approach to the most recent made by Nyhout and Ganea (2020). Nonetheless, the participants of the study evidenced counterfactual reasoning to the relevant choice and the negative consequence conditions shown on the stories that represented the choices made by a starting role (McNemar, N = 40, k = 11.53, p = .001). Although some of the results were not totally conclusive under the analyzed conditions. Lastly, some possible not controlled effects are discussed from stories shown to the children, that could have motivated the counterfactual thinking.

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