The Interview: Data Collection in Descriptive Phenomenological Human Scientific Research

In: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology

Abstract

In this article, interviewing from a descriptive, phenomenological, human scientific perspective is examined. Methodological issues are raised in relation to evaluative criteria as well as reflective matters that concern the phenomenological researcher. The data collection issues covered are 1) the selection of participants, 2) the number of participants in a study, 3) the interviewer and the questions, and 4) data collection procedures. Certain conclusions were drawn indicating that phenomenological research methods cannot be evaluated on the basis of an empiricist theory of science, but must be critiqued from within a phenomenological theory of science. Some reflective matters, experienced by the phenomenological researcher, are also elaborated upon.

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  • 1)

    See for example Giorgi (2006) for a more comprehensive review of some of the inconsistencies found in different phenomenological methods as used for human scientific purposes.

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