Faith, Devotion, and Doctrinal Knowledge

Interpretative Strategies in Shingon Liturgical Exegesis

In: Journal of Religion in Japan
View More View Less
  • 1 University of California, Los Angeles, USA

Abstract

The genre of kōshiki 講式 (ceremonial lectures) has, over the last decade, gained significant traction in the fields of Buddhist studies and Japanese religions, but its commentarial sub-genre remains largely unexplored. While kōshiki offer fertile ground for understanding devotional practices across nearly all Buddhist schools in Japan, commentaries reveal how Buddhists understood their liturgical content and, more narrowly, how this content was consumed and re-purposed through intellectual endeavor. This article contributes to this understudied area in two ways. First, it demonstrates how the medieval Shingon cleric Gahō 我寶 (1239–1317) wielded the Shari kuyō shiki 舎利供養式, a ceremonial lecture written by Kakuban 覺鑁 (1095–1143), as a textual and performative embodiment of faith and devotion. Second, it suggests that his commentary gave shape to expressions of these very themes in various intellectual, performative, and editorial forums in later periods at the Kyoto temple Chishakuin 智積院.

  • Betsuyaku zō agon kyō 別譯雜阿含經, T, vol. 2, no. 100.

  • Chishakuin shi 智積院史, 1934. Compiled by Murayama Shōei 村山正栄. Kyoto: Kōbō Daishi Enki Jimukyoku 弘法大師遠忌事務局.

  • Dai Birushana jōbutsu jinben kaji kyō 大毘盧遮那成佛神變加持經, T, vol. 18, no. 848.

  • Dai Birushana jōbutsu kyō sho 大毘盧遮那成佛經疏, T. vol. 39, no. 1796.

  • Heianjō daijō tennō kanjōmon 平安城太上天皇灌頂文, T, vol. 78, no. 2461.

  • Kōgyō Daishi denki shiryō zenshū 興教大師伝記史料全集. 1942. Compiled by Akio Miura 章夫三浦. Tokyo: Kōgyō Daishi Happyakunen Go-onki Jimukyoku 興教大師八百年御遠忌事務局.

  • Kōgyō Daishi chosaku zenshū 興教大師著作全集. 1992–1994. Ichihara Yūnin 市原雄忍, Hōjō Kenzō 北條賢三, Matsuzaki Keisui 松崎恵水, eds. 6 vols. Tokyo: Shingonshū Buzanha Shūmusho, Kōgyō Daishi Happyaku-Gojūnen Go-onki Kinen Jigyō Iinkai 眞言宗豐山派宗務所, 興教大師八百五十年御遠忌記念事業委員會.

  • Makino-o mondō shō 槇尾問答鈔. Gahō 我寶. Toganoo Collection, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

  • Shari kuyō shiki 舎利供養式. Kakuban 覺鑁. From Kōshiki dētabēsu 講式データベース, Niels Guelberg, 1994. http://www.f.waseda.jp/guelberg/koshiki/datenb-j.htm (accessed 10 January 2017).

  • Shari kuyō shiki shō 舎利供養式鈔. Gahō 我寶. Rare Books Collection, Taisho University, Tokyo.

  • Shugo kokkaishu darani kyō 守護國界主陀羅尼經, T, vol. 19, no. 997.

  • Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō 大正新脩大藏經 (T). 1924–1932. Takakusa Junjirō 高楠順次郎 and Watanabe Kaigyoku 渡邊海旭, eds. 85 vols. Tokyo: Taishō Issaikyō Kankōkai 大正一切經刊行會.

  • Abe Ryūichi. 1999. The Weaving of Mantra: Kūkai and the Construction of Esoteric Buddhist Discourse. New York: Columbia University Press.

  • Ambros, Barbara R., James L. Ford, and Michaela Mross (eds.). 2016. “ ‘Kōshiki’ in Japanese Buddhism.” Special Issue of the Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 43(1).

  • Bingenheimer, Marcus. 2017. “Two Sūtras on Healing and Healers from the Chinese Canon.” In Buddhism and Medicine: An Anthology of Premodern Sources, ed. Pierce Salguero, New York: Columbia University Press, 163–169.

  • Buswell, Robert E. and Lopez, Donald S. 2014. The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • Buswell, Robert E. 2017. “Wŏnhyo: Buddhist Commentator Par Excellence.” Journal of Korean Religions 8(1): 131–160.

  • Cabezón, José Ignacio. 1994. Buddhism and Language: A Study of Indo-Tibetan Scholasticism. Albany: State University of New York Press.

  • Ford, James L. 2002. “Jōkei and the Rhetoric of ‘Other-Power’ and ‘Easy Practice’ in Medieval Japanese Buddhism.” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 29(1–2): 67–106.

  • Freschi, Elisa and Cathy Cantwell. 2016. “Introduction: Reuse and Intertextuality in the Context of Buddhist Texts.” Buddhist Studies Review 33(1–2): 1–7.

  • Granoff, Phyllis. 2011. “The Buddha as the Greatest Healer: The Complexities of a Comparison.” Journal Asiatique 299(1): 5–22.

  • Henderson, John B. 1991. Scripture, Canon, and Commentary: A Comparison of Confucian and Western Exegesis. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • Ishikawa, Rikizan 石川力山 et al. (eds.). 1992. Nihon Bukkyō jinmei jiten 日本仏教人名辞典. Kyoto: Hōzōkan.

  • Mizuno, Kōgen. 1982. Buddhist Sūtras: Origin, Development, Transmission. Tokyo: Kōsei.

  • Nakamura, Hajime 中村元. 1975. Bukkyōgo daijiten 佛敎語大辞典. 3 vols. Tokyo: Tokyo Shoseki.

  • Ono, Genmyō 小野玄妙 (ed.). 1933–1936 (1974, 1988). Bussho kaisetsu daijiten 佛書解說大辭典. 10 vols. Tokyo: Daitō Shuppansha.

  • Quinter, David. 2011. “Invoking the Mother of Awakening: An Investigation of Jōkei’s and Eison’s Monju kōshiki.” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 38(2): 263–302.

  • Ruppert, Brian O. 2000. Jewel in the Ashes: Buddha Relics and Power in Early Medieval Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

  • Saitō, Akitoshi 斎藤昭俊 and Naruse Yoshinori 成瀬良徳. 1986. Nihon Bukkyō jinmei jiten 日本仏教人名辞典. Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Ōraisha.

  • Scheid, Bernhard and Mark Teeuwen (eds.). 2006. The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion. New York: Routledge.

  • Shinohara, Koichi. 2014. Spells, Images, and Mandalas: Tracing the Evolution of Esoteric Buddhist Rituals. New York: Columbia University Press.

  • Suzuki, Sanai 鈴木左内. 1969. “Kakuban saku no kōshiki to sono kanren wasan” 覚鑁作の講式とその関連和讃. In Bukkyō bungaku kenkyū 仏教文学研究, ed. Bukkyō Bungaku Kenkyūkai 仏教文学研究会. Kyoto: Hōzōkan.

  • Tomabechi, Seiichi 苫米地誠一. 2017. “Nihon mikkyō ni okeru shari to hōju” 日本密教における舎利と宝珠. Mikkyō bunka kenkyūjo kiyō 密教文化研究所紀要 30: 95–114.

  • van der Veere, Hendrik. 2000. A Study into the Thought of Kōgyō Daishi Kakuban: With a Translation of his Gorin kuji myō himitsushaku. Leiden: Hotei Publications.

  • von Verschuer, Charlotte and Wendy Cobocroft. 2016. Rice, Agriculture, and the Food Supply in Premodern Japan. Milton Park: Routledge.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 208 53 4
Full Text Views 45 15 1
PDF Downloads 25 10 1