Cultural Hybridity in Conversion: An Examination of Hapkas Christology as Resistance and Innovation in Drusilla Modjeska’s The Mountain

In: Mission Studies

Abstract

This essay analyzes Christian witness, applying a post-colonial lens to Drusilla Modjeska’s The Mountain to account for conversion and transformation in Papua New Guinea. A hapkas (half-caste) Christology of indigenous agency, communal transformation and hybridity is examined in dialogue with New Testament themes of genealogy, redemption as gift and Jesus as the new Adam. Jesus as “good man true” is placed in critical dialogue with masculine identity tropes in Melanesian anthropology. Jesus as ancestor gift of Canaanite descent is located in relation to scholarship that respects indigenous cultures as Old Testament and post-colonial theologies of revelation which affirm cultural hybridity and indigenous innovation in conversion across cultures. This hapkas Christology demonstrates how a received message of Christian mission is transformed in a crossing of cultures.

  • AshcroftBill (2014). “Threshold Theology.” In BrettMark and Jione Havea eds. Colonial Contexts and Postcolonial Theology. Storyweaving in the Asia-Pacific. New York: Palgrave Macmillan pp. 321.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BalaiSana and Judith Ryan eds. (2009). Wisdom of the Mountain. Art of the Omie. Melbourne: National Gallery of Victoria.

  • BonkJonathanAngelyn Dries and Scott Sunquist (2012). “Preface.” In Stanley Skreslet. Comprehending Mission. The Questions Methods Themes Problems and Prospects of Missiology. Maryknoll: Orbis.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrettMark (2003). “Canto ergo sum: Indigenous Peoples and Postcolonial Theology.” Pacifica 163 pp. 247256. DOI:10.1177/1030570X0301600301.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrettMark (2008). Decolonizing God. The Bible in the Tides of Empire. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press.

  • BrettMark (2016). Political Trauma and Healing. Biblical Ethics for a Postcolonial World. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

  • CharlestonSteve (1998). “The Old Testament of Native America.” In ThistlewaiteSusan Brooks and Mary Potter Engel eds. Lift Every Voice. Constructing Christian Theologies from the Underside. Maryknoll: Orbis pp. 6981.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EdmondRod (2013). Migrations. Journeys in Time and Place. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books.

  • GonzalezJusto L. (2010). The Story of Christianity Vol 1. The Early Church to the Dawn of the Reformation. New York: Harper One.

  • KrauseJoachim J. (2015). “Aesthetics of Production and Aesthetics of Reception in Analyzing Intertextuality: Illustrated with Joshua 2.” Biblica 96 pp. 416427. DOI:10.15496/publikation-11693.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KreitzerJ. (1993). “Adam and Christ.” In HawthorneGerald F.MartinRalph P. Martin and Daniel G. Reid eds. Dictionary of Paul and his Letters. Downers Grove, Illinois; Leicester, England: InterVarsity Press pp. 915.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LonerganBernard (1972). Method in Theology. London: Darton, Longman and Todd.

  • MoberlyR.W.L. (1982). The Old Testament of the Old Testament. Patriarchal Narratives and Mosaic Yahwism. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ModjeskaDrusilla (1981). Exiles at Home. Australia: Harper Collins.

  • ModjeskaDrusilla (1990). Poppy. Australia: McPhee Gribble.

  • ModjeskaDrusilla (1994). Orchard. London, Canada: Women’s Press.

  • ModjeskaDrusilla (1999). Stravinsky’s Lunch. Sydney: Pan Macmillan.

  • ModjeskaDrusilla (2009). “Fabric of Wisdom.” In BalaiSana and Judith Ryan eds. Wisdom of the Mountain. Art of the Omie. Melbourne: National Gallery of Victoria pp. 2133.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ModjeskaDrusilla (2012). The Mountain. Australia: Vintage Books.

  • ModjeskaDrusilla (2015). Second Half First. A Memoir. Australia: Knopf Random House.

  • ModjeskaNicholas (1991). “Post-Ipomean modernism: the Duna example.” In GodelierMaurice and Marilyn Strathern eds. Big Men and Great Men. Personifications of Power in Melanesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press pp. 234255.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MooreClive (2012). “Crossing the border into fiction.” History Australia 9/3 pp. 249250. DOI:10.1080/14490854.2012.11668440.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NdibeOkey (2014). Foreign Gods Inc. New York: Soho Press.

  • NeemiaMakesi (2014). “The Hebrew Bible and Postcolonial Samoan Hermeneutics.” In BrettMark and Jione Havea eds. Colonial Contexts and Postcolonial Theology. Storyweaving in the Asia-Pacific. New York: Palgrave Macmillan pp. 6779.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RichardsonDon (1974). Peace Child. An Unforgettable Story of Primitive Jungle Treachery in the 20th Century. Ventura, CA: Regal Books.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RichardsonDon (2006). Eternity in their hearts. Bloomington: Bethany House.

  • RicoeurPaul (1976). Interpretation Theory: Discourse and the Surplus of Meaning. Fort Worth, Texas:‬ Texas Christian University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SkresletStanley (2012). Comprehending Mission. The Questions Methods Themes Problems and Prospects of Missiology. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • StrathernMarilyn (1991). “Introduction.” In GodelierMaurice and Marilyn Strathern eds. Big Men and Great Men. Personifications of Power in Melanesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press pp. 14.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TannerKathryn (1997). Theories of Culture. A New Agenda for Theology. Minneapolis: Fortress.

  • TaylorSteve (2017). “Where does mission come from? The genealogy of Jesus as deep mission.” Australian Journal of Mission Studies 11/2 pp. 2835.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VaughanGerard (2009). “Foreword.” In BalaiSana and Judith Ryan eds. Wisdom of the Mountain. Art of the Omie. Melbourne: National Gallery of Victoria p. 7.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WaltonJ.H. (2005). “Genealogy.” In ArnoldBill T. and H.G.M. Williamson eds. Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books. Downers Grove, Illinois; Leicester, England: InterVarsity Press pp. 309316.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WendtAlbert (1995). Nuanua: Pacific Writing in English Since 1980. Auckland: Auckland University Press.

  • WenhamG.J. (1980). “The Religion of the Patriarchs” In MillardA.R. and D.J. Wiseman eds. Essays on the Patriarchal Narratives. Leicester, England: InterVarsity Press pp. 157188.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WestGerald O. (2016). The Stolen Bible: From Tool of Imperialism to African Icon. Leiden: Brill.

  • WrightJ.W. (2003). “Genealogy.” In AlexanderT. Desmond and David W. Baker eds. Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch. Downers Grove, Illinois; Leicester, England: InterVarsity Press pp. 345350.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 72 72 72
Full Text Views 2 2 2
PDF Downloads 1 1 1