Greek and the Indo-European Verb

In: Mnemosyne
View More View Less
  • 1 Institut für Linguistik, Abteilung Historisch-Vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft, Universität zu Köln

Login via Institution

Purchase instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):

€25.00$30.00

Abstract

This article reviews Andreas Willi’s study of the history and prehistory of the Greek and Proto-Indo-European (PIE) verbal system which tries to put the data of one of the ‘classical’ languages of PIE reconstruction back onto the centre stage after much attention has been given to Anatolian (Hittite, etc.) and Tocharian in recent decades. It argues that in the earliest reconstructable phase PIE had ergative alignment and that the switch to nominative-accusative alignment triggered a series of changes leading to the distribution of stem formations found in Greek and other ancient PIE languages (root aorists, reduplicated aorists and presents, thematic aorists and presents, s-aorists and s-futures, etc.). The review tries to show that the study presents a series of thought-provoking and well-argued hypotheses, while with its focus on prehistory its philological analyses tend to rely on a few chosen examples.

  • Avery, J. (1885). The Unaugmented Verb-Forms of the Rig- and Atharva-Vedas. Journal of the American Oriental Society 11, pp. 326-361.

  • Bendahman, J. (1993). Der reduplizierte Aorist in den indogermanischen Sprachen. Egelsbach.

  • Berrettoni, P. (1972). L’uso del perfetto nel greco omerico. Studi e saggi linguistici 12, pp. 25-170.

  • van Brock, N. (1964). Les thèmes verbaux à redoublement du hittite et le verbe indo-européen. Revue hittite et asianique 22, pp. 119-165.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bybee, J.L., Perkins, R.D., and Pagliuca, W. (1994). The Evolution of Grammar. Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World. Chicago.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Byrd, A.M. (2015). The Indo-European Syllable. Leiden/Boston.

  • Cardona, G. (1960). The Indo-European Thematic Aorists. Dissertation, Yale.

  • Chantraine, P. (2013). Grammaire homérique, Vol. 1: Phonétique et morphologie. Nouvelle édition revue et corrigée par Michael Casevitz. 4th ed. Paris. [1st ed. 1943].

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cowgill, W. (1975). More Evidence for Indo-Hittite. The Tense-Aspect Systems. In: L. Heilmann, ed., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Congress of Linguists, Bologna, pp. 557-570.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cowgill, W. (1979). Anatolian Hi-Conjugation and Indo-European Perfect. Installment II. In: E. Neu and W. Meid, eds., Hethitisch und Indogermanisch. Vergleichende Studien zur historischen Grammatik und zur dialektgeographischen Stellung der indogermanischen Sprachgruppe Altkleinasiens, Innsbruck, pp. 25-39.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • De Decker, F. (2015). The Augment in Homer, with Special Attention to Speech Introductions and Conclusions. München.

  • De Decker, F. (2016). The Augment Use in Iliad 6. An Evidential Marker? Études Classiques 84, pp. 259-317.

  • De Lamberterie, C. (1986). Deux isoglosses entre l’arménien et l’indo-iranien. In: M. Leroy and F. Mawet, eds., La place d l’arménien dans les langues indo-européennes, Leuven, pp. 48-61.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Frisk, H. (1960). Griechisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Heidelberg.

  • García Ramón, J.L. (2007). Altlatein cortumiō ‘Geländeausschnitt’, idg. *kr̥-tomh1-ó- ‘(Schnitt) schneidend’, contemno ‘schmähe’ und griechisch κέρτοµος ‘schmähend’, κερτοµέω ‘schmähe’. Aevum antiquum 7, pp. 285-298.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gehring, A. (1891). Index homericus. Leipzig.

  • Haug, D. (2004). Aristotle’s Kinesis Energeia-Test and the Semantics of the Greek Perfect. Linguistics 42, pp. 387-418.

  • Haug, D. (2008). Aspectual Oppositions from Proto-Indo-European to Latin. In: F. Josephson and I. Söhrman, eds., Interdependence of Diachronic and Synchronic Analyses, Amsterdam/Philadelphia, pp. 61-72.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Heine, B., and Kuteva, T. (2004). World Lexicon of Grammaticalization. Cambridge.

  • Hoffmann, K. (1970). Das Kategoriensystem des indogermanischen Verbums. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 28, pp. 19-41.

  • Hopper, P.J., and Thompson, S.A. (1980). Transitivity in Grammar and Discourse. Language 56 (2), pp. 251-299.

  • Jacques, G. (2014). Denominal Affixes as Sources of Antipassive Markers in Japhug Rgyalrong. Lingua 138, pp. 1-22.

  • Jamison, S.W., and Brereton, J.P. (2014). The Rigveda. The Earliest Religious Poetry of India. New York.

  • Jasanoff, J.H. (2003). Hittite and the Indo-European Verb. Oxford.

  • Klingenschmitt, G. (1982). Das altarmenische Verbum. Wiesbaden.

  • Kölligan, D. (2018). Kέκλυθι/-τε. Glotta 94, pp. 203-212.

  • Kölligan, D. (forthcoming). Scharfe Analysen. Gr. σκεθρός ‘genau’. Glotta.

  • Kümmel, M. (2000). Das Perfekt im Indoiranischen. Eine Untersuchung der Form und Funktion einer ererbten Kategorie des Verbums und ihrer Weiterentwicklung in den altindoiranischen Sprachen. Wiesbaden.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kuryłowicz, J. (1964). The Inflectional Categories of Indo-European. Heidelberg.

  • Lejeune, M. (2005). Phonétique historique du mycénien et du grec ancien. 2nd ed. Paris.

  • Perpillou, J.-L. (1986). De ‘couper’ à ‘insulter’. In: A. Etter and E. Risch, eds., O-o-pe-ro-si. Festschrift für Ernst Risch zum 75. Geburtstag, Berlin, pp. 72-84.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Perpillou, J.-L. (1996). Recherches lexicales en grec ancien. Étymologie, analogie, représentations. Louvain.

  • Rijksbaron, A. (1988). The Discourse Function of the Imperfect. In: A. Rijksbaron, ed., In the Footsteps of Raphael Kühner, Amsterdam, pp. 237-254.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rix, H. (2001). LIV = Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben. Die Wurzeln und ihre Primärstammbildungen. 2nd ed. Wiesbaden.

  • Roth, C.P. (1974). More Homeric ‘Mixed Aorists’. Glotta 52, pp. 1-10.

  • Schwyzer, E. (1939). Griechische Grammatik, Vol. 1: Allgemeiner Teil, Lautlehre, Wortbildung, Flexion. München.

  • Silverstein, M. (1976). Hierarchy of Features and Ergativity. In: R.M.W. Dixon, ed., Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages, Linguistic Series, Canberra, pp. 112-171.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tichy, E. (1983). Onomatopoetische Verbalbildungen des Griechischen. Wien.

  • Vine, B. (2011). On Dissimilatory r-Loss in Greek. In: T. Krisch and T. Lindner, eds., Indogermanistik und Linguistik im Dialog. Akten der XIII. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 21. bis 27. September 2008 in Salzburg. Wiesbaden, pp. 1-17.

  • Wolff, F. (1910). Avesta. Die heiligen Bücher der Parsen. Straßburg.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 291 189 20
Full Text Views 94 44 0
PDF Downloads 70 31 0