Review of the genus Odontophora (Nematoda: Axonolaimidae), with a key to valid species and description of Odontophora atrox sp. n. from the New Zealand coast

In: Nematology
View More View Less
  • 1 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Private Bag 14-901, Wellington, New Zealand
  • 2 Landcare Research, Private Bag 92170, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland 1142, New Zealand

Purchase instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):

€25.00$30.00

Odontophora is a globally distributed marine nematode genus common in intertidal and subtidal sediments. Odontophora is one of the most diverse genus of the family Axonolaimidae with over 30 valid species described to date; however, the last revision of the genus was made over four decades ago. In addition, limited molecular sequence data are available for the Axonolaimidae and relationships among axonolaimid genera have not yet been investigated using molecular tools. Here, an updated list of species and a key for the identification of all 34 valid species is provided, and preliminary analyses of phylogenetic relationships within the Axonolaimidae are conducted using SSU and D2-D3 of LSU molecular sequences. Odontophora atrox sp. n. is described from intertidal sediments of Wellington, North Island of New Zealand, and is characterised by cephalic setae 1.1-1.5 corresponding body diam. long, 12 subcephalic setae, eight of which are slightly shorter and four of which are markedly shorter than the cephalic setae, excretory pore located slightly posterior to the amphids, and nerve ring located at two-thirds to three-quarters of pharynx length from anterior. Males are characterised by weakly arcuate spicules and tapering gubernacular apophyses, 9-10 small tubular precloacal supplements, cloacal aperture flanked by two sets of heavily cuticularised and eversible spines, and two elongated laterodorsal setae near the tail tip. Preliminary analyses of phylogenetic relationships within the Axonolaimidae provide some support for the monophyly of Odontophora, but drawing more solid inferences about relationships within the Axonolaimidae will require more molecular sequence data of accurately (and verifiably) identified species.

  • Allgén C.A. (1928). Neue oder wenig bekannte freilebende marine Nematoden von der schwedischen Westküste. Zoologischer Anzeiger 27, 281-307.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Allgén C.A. (1929a). Was ist die von Bütschli 1874 aufgestellte Odontophora marina? Zoologischer Anzeiger 81(11/12), 305-309.

  • Allgén C.A. (1929b). Neue freilebende marine Nematoden von der Westküste Schwedens. Zoologische Jahrbücher (Systematik) 57, 431-496.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Allgén C.A. (1929c). Südschwedische marine Nematoden. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps-och Vitterhets-Samhalled Handlingar 1 B, 1-40.

  • Allgén C.A. (1935). Die freilebenden Nematoden des Öresunds. Capita Zoologica 6, 1-192.

  • Allgén C.A. (1942). Die freilebenden Nematoden des Mittelmeeres. Zoologische Jahrbücher (Systematik) 76, 1-102.

  • Allgén C.A. (1947). Pacific freeliving marine nematodes. (Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen’s Pacific Expedition 1914-16). Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening 110, 45-63.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Allgén C.A. (1951). Pacific free-living marine nematodes. (Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen’s Pacific Expedition 1914-16). Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening 113, 263-411.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Belogurov O.I. (1978). [ Study of free-living nematodes from the intertidal zone of the Shikotan Island.] In: Zhivotnyi i rastitel’nyi mir shel’fovykh zon Kuril’skikh Ostrovov. Moscow, USSR, “Nauka”, pp. 139-148.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Blome D. (1982). Systematik der Nematoda eines Sandstrandes der Nordseeinsel Sylt. Mikrofauna des Meeresbodens 86, 1-194.

  • Boucher G. (1973). Nématodes libres marins des Iles Hautes de Polynésie I. Comesomatidae et Axonolaimidae. Cahiers du Pacifique 17, 205-231.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Boucher G., Helléouët M.N. (1977). Nématodes des sables fins infralittoraux de la Pierre Noire (Manche occidentale). III. Araeolaimida et Monhysterida. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Zoologie) 297, 85-122.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bütschli O. (1874). Zur Kenntniss der freilebenden Nematoden, insbesondere der des Kieler Hafens. Abhandlungen, Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 9, 236-292.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chitwood B.G. (1951). North American marine nematodes. Texas Journal of Science 3, 617-672.

  • Cobb N.A. (1914). Antarctic marine free-living nematodes of the Shackleton expedition. Contributions to the Science of Nematology 1, 1-33.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Coomans A. (1979). A proposal for a more precise terminology of the body regions in the nematode. Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique 108, 115-117.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • De Coninck L.A., Schuurmans Stekhoven J.H. (1933). The freeliving marine nemas of the Belgian coast. II. With general remarks on the structure and the system of nemas. Mémoires du Musée Royal d’Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 58, 3-163.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • de Man J.G. (1889). Espèces et genres nouveaux de Nématodes libres de la mer du Nord et de la Manche. Mémoires de la Société Zoologique de France 2, 1-10.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • de Man J.G. (1922). Neue freilebende nematoden aus der Zuidersee. Tijdschrift der Nederlandsche Dierkundige Vereeniging 18, 124-134.

  • Ditlevsen H. (1919). Marine freeliving nematodes from Danish waters. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorik Forening i Kjobenhaven 70, 147-214.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Filipjev I.N. (1918). Free-living marine nematodes of the Sevastopol area. Transactions of the Zoological Laboratory and the Sevastopol Biological Station of the Russian Academy of Sciences Series 2, 1-203.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Filipjev I.N. (1930). Les Nématodes libres de la Baie de la Neva et de l’extremité orientale du Golfe de Finlande, Deuxième partie. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 21, 1-64.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fonseca G., Bezerra T.N. (2014). Order Araeolaimida De Coninck & Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1933. In: Shmidt-Rhaesa A. (Ed.). Handbook of zoology, Gastrotricha, Cyclioneura and Gnathifera, Volume 2: Nematoda. Hamburg, Germany, De Gruyter, pp.  467-486.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Galtsova V.V. (1976). [ Free-living marine nematodes as components of the meiofauna of the Chupa Bay, White Sea.] Issledovaniya Fauny Morei (Nematody i ikh rol’ v meiobentose) 15, 165-270.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gerlach S.A. (1957). Marine Nematoden aus dem Mangrove-Gebiet von Cananéia (Brasilianische Meeres-Nematoden III). Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse 5, 129-176.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gerlach S.A., Riemann F. (1973-1974). The Bremerhaven checklist of aquatic nematodes. A catalogue of Nematoda Adenophorea excluding Dorylaimida. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven (Suppl. 4 Part 1 (1973) and Part 2 (1974)), 1-736.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Guilini K., Bezerra T.N., Deprez T., Fonseca G., Holovachov O., Leduc D., Miljutin D., Moens T., Sharma J., Smol N. (2016). NeMys: world database of free-living marine nematodes. Available from http://nemys.ugent.be (accessed on 2016-08-08).

  • Holterman M., van der Wurff A., van den Elsen S., van Megen H., Bongers T., Holovachov O., Bakker J., Helder J. (2006). Phylum-wide analysis of SSU rDNA reveals deep phylogenetic relationships among nematodes and accelerated evolution toward crown clades. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13, 1792-1800.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Holterman M., Holovachov O., van den Elsen S., van Megen H., Bongers T., Bakker J., Helder J. (2008). Small subunit ribosomal DNA-based phylogeny of basal Chromadoria (Nematoda) suggests that transitions from marine to terrestrial habitats (and vice versa) require relatively simple adaptations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48, 758-763.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hourston M., Warwick M.M. (2010). New species of free-living aquatic nematodes from southwestern Australia (Nematoda: Axonolaimidae and Desmodoridae). Records of the Western Australia Museum 26, 42-69.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Inglis W.G. (1983). An outline classification of the phylum Nematoda. Australian Journal of Zoology 31, 243-255.

  • Jensen P., Gerlach S.A. (1976). Three new nematodes from Bermuda. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven 16, 31-44.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Keppner E.J. (1988). Six new species of free-living marine nematodes (Nematoda: Araeolaimida: Enoplida) from two estuaries in northwest Florida, U.S.A. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 107, 79-95.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Larkin M.A., Blackshields G., Brown N.P., Chenna R., Mcgettigan P.A., Mcwilliam H., Valentin F., Wallace I.M., Wilm A., Lopez R. (2007). Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. Bioinformatics 23, 2947-2948.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lorenzen S. (1971). Die Nematodenfauna im Verklappungsgebiet für Industrieabwässer nordwestlich von Helgoland: I. Araeolaimida und Monhysterida. Zoologischer Anzeiger 187, 223-248.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Luc M., De Coninck L.A. (1959). Nématodes libres marins de la région de Roscoff. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 98, 103-165.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Murphy D.G. (1966). An initial report on a collection of Chilean marine nematodes. Mitteilungen der Hamburger Zoologisches Museum Institut 63, 29-50.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nichols J.A., Musselman M.R. (1979). Free-living marine nematodes from sandy sediments off the coast of Peru. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 20, 449-459.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nunn G.B. (1992). Nematode molecular evolution. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.

  • Ott J.A. (1972). Twelve new species of nematodes from an intertidal sandflat in North Carolina. International Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie 57, 463-496.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pastor de Ward C.T. (1984). Nematodes marinos de la Ria Deseado (Axonolaimoidea: Axonolaimidae, Diplopeltidae, Comesomatidae) Santa Cruz, Argentina. Centro Patagonico Contribucion 86, 1-21.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Platt H.M. (1985). The freeliving marine nematode genus Sabatieria (Nematoda: Comesomatidae). Taxonomic revision and pictorial keys. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 83, 27-78.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Posada D., Crandall K.A. (1998). MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14, 817-818.

  • Rambaut A., Drummond A.J. (2007). Tracer v 1.4. Available from http://beast.bio.ed.ac.uk/Tracer.

  • Ronquist F., Huelsenbeck J.P. (2003). MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 19, 1572-1574.

  • Schulz E. (1932). Beiträge zur kenntnis mariner nematoden aus der kieler bucht. Zoologischer Jahrbücher Jena (Systematik) 62, 331-430.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schuurmans Stekhoven J.H. (1950). The freeliving marine nemas of the Mediterranean. I. The Bay of Villefranche. Mémoires de l’Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 2, 1-220.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schuurmans Stekhoven J.H., De Coninck L.A. (1933). Diagnoses of new Belgian marine nemas. Bulletin du Musée Royal d’Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 9, 1-15.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smolyanko O.I., Belogurov O.I. (1995). On the morphology of four species of free-living marine nematodes of the genus Parodontophora (Araeolaimida, Axonolaimidae). Hydrobiological Journal 31, 94-108.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Somerfield P.J., Warwick R.M. (1996). Meiofauna in marine pollution monitoring programmes: a laboratory manual. Lowestoft, UK, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Directorate of Fisheries Research.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Swofford D.L. (2002). PAUP*. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (and other methods), version 4. Sunderland, MA, USA, Sinauer Associates.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tarjan A.C., Khuong N.B. (1988). A compendium of the family Axonolaimidae (Nematoda). Cahiers de Biologie Marine 29, 375-393.

  • Timm R.W. (1952). A survey of the marine nematodes of Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Chesapeake Biological Laboratory 95, 1-70.

  • Timm R.W. (1963). Marine nematodes of the suborder Monhysterina from the Arabian Sea at Karachi. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 30, 34-49.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • van Megen H., van den Elsen S., Holterman M., Karssen G., Mooyman P., Bongers T., Holovachov O., Bakker J., Helder J. (2009). A phylogenetic tree of nematode based on about 1200 full-length small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences. Nematology 11, 927-950.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vitiello P. (1971). Nématodes libres marins des vases profondes du Golfe de Lion III. Monhysterida, Araeolaimida, Desmodorida. Thetys 2, 647-690.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Warwick R.M., Platt H.M. (1973). New and little known marine nematodes from a Scottish sandy beach. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 14, 135-158.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Warwick R.M., Platt H.M., Somerfield P.J. (1998). Free-living marine nematodes part III. Monhysterids. Shrewsbury, UK, Field Studies Council.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wieser W. (1956). Free-living marine nematodes III. Axonolaimoidea and Mohysteroidea. Acta Universitets Lund 2, 1-115.

  • Wieser W. (1959). Free-living nematodes and other small invertebrates of Puget Sound beaches. University of Washington Publications in Biology 19, 1-179.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wieser W., Hopper B. (1967). Marine nematodes of the east coast of North America. I. Florida. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard 135, 239-344.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zheng J.W., Subbotin S.A., He S.S., Gu J.F., Moens M. (2002). Molecular characterisation of some Asian isolates of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and B. mucronatus using PCR-RFLPs and sequences of ribosomal DNA. Russian Journal of Nematology 11, 17-22.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 150 68 13
Full Text Views 132 2 0
PDF Views & Downloads 12 3 0