In the Bosom of Abraham

The Name and Role of Poor Lazarus in Luke 16:19–31

In: Novum Testamentum
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  • 1 Warring States Project, University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA

Abstract

This study examines the name and role of the poor man in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus in Luke 16:19–31. An intertextual reading through the lens of Septuagint Genesis and Job reveals the character of Lazarus to be a seamless weave of suffering Job and Eliezer the Servant of Abraham. The testings, death and burial, thigh oath, and long journeys in Genesis 22–24, involving the closely bound Abraham and Eliezer, with supplementation from sore-covered Job who experienced sequential reversals between rich to poor, converge as the base literary template for Luke’s Abraham and Lazarus.