Hierocles and the Stoic Theory of Blending

in Phronesis
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



In Stoic physics, blending (κρᾶσις) is the relation between active pneuma and passive matter; natural bodies from rocks and logs to plants, animals and the cosmos itself are blends of pneuma and matter. Blending structures the Stoic cosmos. I develop a new interpretation of the Stoic theory of blending, based on passages from Hierocles. The theory of blending, I argue, has been misunderstood. Hierocles allows us to see in detail how the theory is supposed to work and how it fits into Stoic physics.

  • BaileyD. T. J. (2014) ‘The Structure of Stoic Metaphysics’Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 46: 253-309.

  • BarnesJ. (2011) ‘Bits and Pieces’ in his Method and Metaphysics (Oxford) 429-484.

  • BastianiniG. and LongA. A. (1992) ‘Hierocles: Elementa MoraliaCorpus dei papiri filosofici 1**: 268-451.

  • BeteghG. (2016) ‘Colocation’ in T. BuchheimD. Meißner and N. C. Wachsmann (eds.) ΣΩΜΑ. Körperkonzepte und körperliche Existenz in der antiken Philosophie und Literatur (Hamburg) 393-422.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CastonV. (1999) ‘Something and Nothing: The Stoics on Concepts and Universals’Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 17: 145-213.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FredeD. (2004) On Generation and Corruption I. 10: On Mixture and Mixables’ in F. de Haas and J. Mansfeld (eds.) Aristotle On Generation and Corruption Book 1 (Oxford) 289-314.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GouldJ. B. (1970) The Philosophy of Chrysippus. Leiden.

  • GourinatJ.-B. (2009) ‘The Stoics on Matter, and Prime Matter: “Corporealism” and the Imprint of Plato’s Timaeus in R. SallesGod and Cosmos in Stoicism (Oxford) 46-70.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GroisardJ. (2013) (ed.) Alexandre D’Aphrodise: Sur La Mixtion et La Croissance (De Mixtione). Paris.

  • InwoodB. (1984) ‘Hierocles: Theory and Argument in the Second Century AD’Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 2: 151-184.

  • JuA. (2009) ‘The Stoic Ontology of Geometrical Limits’Phronesis 54: 371-389.

  • LewisE. (1995) ‘The Stoics on Identity and Individuation’Phronesis 40: 89-108.

  • LewisE. (1988) ‘Diogenes Laertius VII.151 and the Stoic Theory of Mixture’Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 35: 84-90.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LongA. A. (1974) Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics Epicureans Sceptics. London.

  • LongA. A. (1982) ‘Soul and Body in Stoicism’Phronesis 27: 34-57.

  • LongA. A. and SedleyD. N. (1987) The Hellenistic Philosophers. 2 vols. Cambridge.

  • MennS. (1999) ‘The Stoic Theory of Categories’Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 17: 215-247.

  • NolanD. (2006) ‘Stoic Gunk’Phronesis 51: 162-183.

  • RamelliI. (2009) Hierocles the Stoic: Elements of Ethics Fragments and Excerpts. Translated by David Konstan. Atlanta, Ga.

  • RobertsonD. G. (2004) ‘Chrysippus on Mathematical Objects’Ancient Philosophy 24: 169-191.

  • SamburskyS. (1959) Physics of the Stoics. London.

  • SandbachF. H. (1975) The Stoics. London.

  • ScadeP. (2013) ‘Plato and the Stoics on Limits, Parts and Wholes’ in A. G. Long (ed.) Plato and the Stoics (Cambridge) 80-105.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SedleyD. (1999) ‘Hellenistic Physics and Metaphysics’ in K. AlgraJ. BarnesJ. Mansfeld and M. Schofield (eds.) The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy (Cambridge) 355-411.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SellarsJ. (2006) Stoicism. Chesham.

  • SorabjiR. (1988) Matter Space Motion: Theories in Antiquity and their Sequel. Ithaca, NY.

  • ToddR. (1976) Alexander of Aphrodisias on Stoic Physics. Leiden.

  • WhiteM. J. (2003) ‘Stoic Natural Philosophy (Physics and Cosmology)’ in B. Inwood (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics (Cambridge) 124-152.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 171 153 6
Full Text Views 252 251 3
PDF Downloads 38 38 1
EPUB Downloads 8 8 0