Historical Revelations from the Milošević Trial

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  • 1 1Human Rights Attorney

Controversy over Serbia's1 role in the decade of wars in the former Yugoslavia continues. The trial of Slobodan Milošević unearthed significant new material in documents and testimony, despite the trial's premature end with Milošević's death. While there was no legal resolution, evidence revealed at trial provides a rich resource for historians to further examine some of the major controversies arising from the disintegration of Yugoslavia and the decade of wars that ensued. This article will highlight evidence relevant to the following issues: Was Serbia opposed to disintegration and war or did Milošević seek it in his quest for power? Were the wars in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina civil wars in which Serbia was not involved except to provide humanitarian aid and negotiate for peace or was Serbia a primary protagonist? What was Serbia's role, if any, in the Srebrenica genocide?2 Was Serbia, NATO or the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) responsible for war and ethnic cleansing in Kosovo? While the trial of Milošević did not attempt to establish Serbia's or the FRY's responsibility, actions taken by Milošević as Serbia's president and de facto leader of the FRY necessarily implicate them as political entities.

  • Armatta J.2010. Twilight of Impunity: The War Crimes Trial of Slobodan Milošević (Durham: Duke University Press).

  • Babović B. 2 April 2003. “Analysis of Regulations Regarding Responsibility for Control of the Interior Ministry of the Republic of Serbia” (Submitted by the prosecution on April 25, 2003: para. 160).

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  • Ball P. 3 January 2002. “Killings and Refugee Flow in Kosovo, March – June 1999”.

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  • Del Ponte C., Sudetic C.2008. Madame Prosecutor: Confrontations with Humanity's Worst Crimes and the Culture of Impunity (New York: Other Press).

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  • Douthat R. 21 March 2011. “A Very Liberal Intervention,” New York Times: A.23.

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  • ICTY, 6 September 2011. Prosecutor v. Perišić Judgement (IT-04-81-T).

  • ICTY, 10 July 2008. Prosecutor v. Jovica Stanisic and Franko Simatovic (IT-03-69-PT): Third Amended Indictment.

  • ICTY, 16 June 2004. (IT-02-54-T).

  • Jović B.1995. Poslednji dani SFRJ: Izvodi iz dnevnika (The Last Days of the SFRY: A Diary) (Belgrade: Politika)

  • Riedlmayer A. 13 March 2003. “Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1992-1996: A Post War Survey of Selected Municipalities” (Submitted by the prosecution).

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  • Statement of Borisav Jović, 16 November 2003. para. 129. “Decision on Application for a Limited Re-Opening of the Bosnia and Kosovo Components of the Prosecution Case,” 13 December 2005: para. 37.

  • “Military Analysis Team Expert Report – the SFRY Armed Forces and the Conflict in Croatia – JNA Activity in BiH and JNA (VJ) Support to Bosnian Serb Forces:” para. 29: filed 16 December 2003.

  • “Military Analysis Team Expert Report Case IT-02-54-T, The SFRY Armed Forces and the Conflict in Croatia – JNA Activity in BiH and JNA (VJ) Support to Bosnian-Serb Forces,” 16 December 2003.

  • Prosecutor v. Momcilo Perišić: Judgement (IT-04-81-T), 6 September 2011: para. 1772.

  • “Prosecution Submission of an Expert Report of Dr. Robert J. Donia Pursuant To Rule 94bis,” 1 August 2003: 02989172.

  • “Stenographic Records of the Sessions of the FRY Supreme Defense Council:” www.sense-agency.com.

  • Prosecution Exhibit 569.

  • Prosecution Exhibit 353.

  • Prosecution Exhibit 269.

  • Prosecution Exhibit 390.

  • Prosecution Exhibits 0037-3546 (BCS).

  • Prosecution Exhibits 0302-2817-0302-3215 (English).

  • Testimony of B-1493, 9-10 April 2003.

  • Testimony of B-127, 16, 22 July 2003.

  • Testimony of Osman Selak, 12, 13 June 2003.

  • Testimony of military expert Reynaud Theunans, 26-28 January, 10 February 2004.

  • Testimony of prosecution financial expert, Morten Torkildsen, 10, 11 April 2003.

  • TR, 19 November 2002: 13046.

  • TR, 11 March 2003: 17618.

  • TR, 23 October 2003: 28033-28038.

  • TR, 1 October 2002: 10559.

  • TR, 20 November 2002: 13111-13112.

  • TR, 23 October 2003: 28038-28039.

  • TR, 19 November 2002: 13056.

  • TR, 18 November 2003: 29176.

  • TR, 20 November 2003: 29420.

  • TR, 21 November 2002: 13234.

  • TR, 24 June 2003: 22955.

  • TR, 21 February 2003: 16746.

  • TR, 12 October 2004: 32960.

  • TR, 17 June 2003: 22614.

  • TR, 9 October 2003: 27323.

  • TR, 24 June 2003: 22934.

  • TR, 15 December 2003: 30372.

  • TR, 18 June 2003: 22722.

  • TR, 15 March 2002: 2360.

  • TR, 15 December 2003: 30389.

  • TR, 12 March 2003: 17727.

  • TR, 2 July 2002: 7235.

  • TR, 23 May 2002: 5413-5414.

  • TR, 16 April 2002: 3225.

  • TR, 2 June 2005: 46350.

  • TR, 22 September 2005: 44631-44632.

  • TR, 15 December 2003: 30409.

  • TR, 19 June 2003: 22862.

  • TR, 8 February 2005: 35827.

  • TR, 24 March 2005: 35355.

  • TR, 28 August 2002: 9031-9032.

  • TR, 1 June 2005: 40312.

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