Skepticism and Spatial Objects

In: International Journal for the Study of Skepticism
Author: Ali Hasan 1
View More View Less
  • 1

I defend external world realism. I assume that the principle of inference to the best explanation is justified: roughly, a hypothesis that provides a better explanation of the total evidence is more probable than one that does not. I argue that the existence of a world of spatial objects provides a systematic explanation of the spatial contents of visual experience, and that it provides a better explanation than traditional skeptical hypotheses. This paper thus pursues the explanationist strategy of Laurence BonJour and Jonathan Vogel. It is an improved, more compelling defense, for at least two reasons. First, the attention to spatial properties, and in particular to what I call perspectival projections, makes the explanatory power of the realist hypothesis much more vivid and concrete. Second, the argument preserves and elucidates much that seems correct in the explanationist arguments others have offered while avoiding significant problems and shortcomings.

  • BonJour L. (2003). “A Version of Internalist Foundationalism.” In BonJour L. and Sosa E. (eds.), Epistemic Justification: Internalism vs. Externalism, Foundations vs. Virtues, 596. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fumerton R. (1985). Metaphysical and Epistemological Problems of Perception . Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

  • Fumerton R. (2005). “Can Skepticism Be Refuted?” In Steup M. and Sosa E. (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology, 8597. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marr D. (1982). Vision. New York: WH Freeman.

  • McCain K. (2014). Evidentialism and Epistemic Justification. New York: Routledge.

  • Moser P. (1989). Knowledge and Evidence. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

  • Palmer S. (1999). Vision Science: Photons to Phenomenology. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

  • Russell B. (1912). The Problems of Philosophy. The Home University Library, Williams and Norgate.

  • Vogel J. (1990). “Cartesian Skepticism and Inference to the Best Explanation,” Journal of Philosophy 87: 658666.

  • Vogel J. (2005). “The Refutation of Skepticism.” In Steup M. and Sosa E. (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology, 7384. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vogel J. (2008). “Internalist Responses to Skepticism.” In Greco J. (ed.), Oxford Handook of Skepticism, 533556. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 205 83 15
Full Text Views 183 1 0
PDF Downloads 14 1 0