History of Transnational Voluntary Associations

A Critical Multidisciplinary Review

in Voluntaristics Review
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This review explores the history of transnational voluntary associations, commencing with general patterns before proceeding to cover the history of different sectors in turn, including humanitarianism, science, education, environment, feminism, race, health, human rights, labor, business, standards, professions, culture, peace, religion, and youth. Coverage extends from the late eighteenth century through to the early twenty-first century and spans histories of particular organizations and of particular campaigns in addition to the evolution of broader transnational social movements. Contrasting perspectives on historical evolution are considered, including both linear and cyclical interpretations. The factors underpinning historical changes are explored, including economic, environmental, political, scientific, and social developments. Insights are drawn not only from a transnational historical perspective, but also the many other disciplines that shed light on the subject, such as world sociology. The review also incorporates perspectives from international relations, development studies, peace studies, voluntary sector studies, and women’s studies. It argues that the historical evolution of transnational voluntary associations is longer, less Western in origin and more cyclical than traditionally assumed.

History of Transnational Voluntary Associations

A Critical Multidisciplinary Review

in Voluntaristics Review

Sections

References

  • AbeelDavid An Appeal to Christian Ladies in Behalf of Female Education in China and the Adjacent Countries History of the Society for Promoting Female Education in the East 1847 London Edward Suter 261 262

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AdamBarry D.DuyvendakJan WillemKrouwelAndré The Global Emergence of Gay and Lesbian Politics: National Imprints of a Worldwide Movement 1999 Philadelphia, PA Temple University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AdamsWilliam M. Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation 2004 London Earthscan

  • AkamiTomoko The Liberal Dilemma: Internationalism and the Institute of Pacific Relations in the USA Australia and Japan 1919–1942 1995 PhD dissertation Australian National University Canberra

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AllenWilliam Osborne BirdMcClureEdmund Two Hundred Years: The History of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge 1698–1898 1898 London Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AlterPeter The Royal Society and the International Association of Academies 1897–1919 Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 1980 34 2 241 264

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AndersonBonnie S. Joyous Greetings: The First International Women’s Movement 1830–1860 2000 New York Oxford University Press

  • AnheierHelmutGlasiusMarliesKaldorMary AnheierHelmutGlasiusMarliesKaldorMary Introducing Global Civil Society Global Civil Society 2001 2001 Oxford Oxford University Press 3 22

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AntrobusPeggy The Global Women’s Movement: Issues and Strategies for the New Century 2004 London Zed

  • ArnoldThomas Walker The Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith 1896 London Constable

  • ArtsBas The Political Influence of Global NGOs: Case Studies on the Climate and Biodiversity Conventions 1999 Utrecht International Books

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BadranMargot Feminists Islam and Nation: Gender and the Making of Modern Egypt 1995 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

  • BaconMargaret Hope History of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery the Relief of Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage and for Improving the Condition of the African Race 1959 Philadelphia Pennsylvania Abolition Society

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BaileyPaul GoodmanDavid S. G. The Sino-French Connection: The Chinese Worker-Student Movement in France, 1902–1928 China and the West: Ideas and Activists 1990 Manchester Manchester University Press 72 102

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Baillie SmithMattJenkinsKaty Disconnections and Exclusions: Professionalization, Cosmopolitanism and (Global?) Civil Society Global Networks 2011 11 2 160 179

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BantmanConstance Internationalism without an International? Cross-Channel Anarchist Networks, 1880–1914 Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire 2006 84 4 961 981

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BarnettMichael N. Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism 2011 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

  • BarnettMichael N.Gross SteinJanice Sacred Aid: Faith and Humanitarianism 2012 New York Oxford University Press

  • BarrettDeborahJohn FrankDavid BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. Population Control for National Development: From World Discourse to National Policies Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875 1999 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 198 221

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BartonGregory Allen Empire Forestry and the Origins of Environmentalism 2004 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • BazarovValery hias and hicem in the System of Jewish Relief Organisations in Europe, 1933–41 East European Jewish Affairs 2009 39 1 69 78

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BazinHervé The Eradication of Smallpox: Edward Jenner and the First and Only Eradication of a Human Infectious Disease 1999 Cambridge, MA Academic Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BazinHervé Vaccination: A History. From Lady Montagu to Genetic Engineering 2011 Esher John Libbey Eurotext

  • BealesA. C. F. The History of Peace 1931 New York Dial Press

  • BekiashevKamil A.SerebriakovVitali V. International Marine Organizations 1981 The Hague Martinus Nijhoff

  • BenthallJonathan The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Islamic Societies, with Special Reference to Jordan British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 1997 24 2 157 177

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BenthallJonathanBellion-JourdanJérôme The Charitable Crescent: Politics of Aid in the Muslim World 2009 London I.B.Tauris

  • BerkovitchNitza From Motherhood to Citizenship: Women’s Rights and International Organization 1999 Baltimore, MD Johns Hopkins University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BestEthelwynPikeBernard International Voluntary Service for Peace 1920–1946: A History of Work in Many Countries for the Benefit of Distressed Communities and for the Reconciliation of the Peoples 1948 London George Allen and Unwin

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BetsillMichele M. BetsilMichele M.HochstetlerKathrynStevisDimitris Transnational Actors in International Environmental Politics Advances in International Environmental Politics 2014 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan 185 210

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BetsillMichele M.CorrellElisabeth NGO Diplomacy: The Influence of Nongovernmental Organizations in International Environmental Negotiations 2008 Cambridge, MA MIT Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BiddissMichael D. The Universal Races Congress of 1911 Race & Class 1971 13 1 37 46

  • BirchallJohnston The International Co-operative Movement 1997 Manchester Manchester University Press

  • BirnDonald S. The League of Nations Union 1918–1945 1981 Oxford Clarendon Press

  • BlackMaggie A Cause for Our Times: Oxfam—The First Fifty Years 1992 Oxford Oxfam

  • BlackburnRobin The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery 1776–1848 1988 London Verso

  • BlockNelson R.ProctorTammy Scouting Frontiers: Youth and the Scout Movement’s First Century 2009 Newcastle upon Tyne Cambridge Scholars

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BobClifford The International Struggle for New Human Rights 2009 Philadelphia, PA University of Pennsylvania Press

  • BobClifford PrakashAseemGugartyMary Kay The Market for Human Rights Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action 2010 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 133 154

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BohlenJim Making Waves: The Origins and Future of Greenpeace 2001 Montréal and London Black Rose

  • BoliJohn PowellWalter W.SteinbergRichard International Nongovernmental Organizations The Non-Profit Sector: A Research Handbook 2006 second edition New Haven, CT Yale University Press 333 353

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BoliJohnBrewingtonDavid V. BeyerPeterBeamanLori Religious Organizations Globalization Religion and Culture 2007 Leiden Brill 205 233

  • BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. World Culture in the World Polity: A Century of International Non-Governmental Organization American Sociological Review 1997 62 2 171 190

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875 1999 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BorowyIris Coming to Terms with World Health: The League of Nations Health Organisation 1921–1946 2009 Frankfurt Peter Lang

  • BorrieJohn Unacceptable Harm: A History of how the Treaty to Ban Cluster Munitions was Won 2009 New York United Nations

  • BotmanSelma Egypt from Independence to Revolution 1919–1952 1991 Syracuse, NY Syracuse University Press

  • BoyleElizabeth Heger Female Genital Cutting: Cultural Conflict in the Global Community 2002 Baltimore, MD Johns Hopkins University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BraybrookeMarcus A Wider Vision: A History of the World Congress of Faiths 1936–1996 1996 Oxford Oneworld

  • BridgesDaisy Caroline A History of the International Council of Nurses 1899–1964: The First Sixty-Five Years 1967 Philadelphia, PA Lippincott

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrockingtonGrace Internationalism and the Arts in Britain and Europe at the Fin de Siècle 2009 Oxford Peter Lang

  • BrodmanJames Religion and Charity in Medieval Europe 2009 Washington, DC Catholic University of America Press

  • BrunssonNilsJacobssonBengt A World of Standards 2000 Oxford Oxford University Press

  • BrushBarbara L. Nurses of All Nations: A History of the International Council of Nurses 1899–1999 1999 Philadelphia, PA Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrycchanCarey From Peace to Freedom: Quaker Rhetoric and the Birth of American Antislavery 1657–1761 2012 New Haven, CT Yale University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BuchananTom ‘The Truth Will Set You Free: The Making of Amnesty International, Journal of Contemporary History 2002 37 4 575 597

  • BulkeleyHarrietNewellPeter Governing Climate Change 2015 second edition Abingdon Routledge

  • BunchCharlotteReillyNiamh Demanding Accountability: The Global Campaign and Vienna Tribunal for Women’s Human Rights 1994 Rutgers, NJ Center for Women’s Global Leadership

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BurciGian LucaVignesClaude-Henri World Health Organization 2004 The Hague Kluwer Law International

  • BurgersJan Herman The Road to San Francisco: The Revival of the Human Rights Idea in the Twentieth Century Human Rights Quarterly 1992 14 4 447 477

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BurkeTom WillettsPeter Friends of the Earth and Conservation of Resources Pressure Groups in the Global System 1982 London Frances Pinter 105 124

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BurriMonikaElsasserKilian T.GugerliDavid Die Internationalität der Eisenbahn 1850–1970 2003 Zürich Chronos

  • ButlerJosephine E. The New Abolitionists: A Narrative of a Year’s Work Being an Account of the Mission undertaken to the Continent of Europe by Mrs Josephine E Butler and of the Events Subsequent Thereupon 1876 London Dyer Brothers

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CaldwellLynton Keith International Environmental Policy: From the Twentieth to the Twenty-first Century 1996 Durham, NC Duke University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CameronMaxwell A.LawsonRobert J.TomlinBrian W. To Walk Without Fear: The Global Movement to Ban Landmines 1998 Toronto Oxford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CampbellPenelope Africare: Black American Philanthropy in Africa 2011 New Brunswick, NJ Transaction Publishers

  • CampbellWallace J. The History of CARE: A Personal Account 1990 New York Praeger

  • CarsonMina Settlement Folk: Social Thought and the American Settlement Movement 1885–1930 1990 Chicago University of Chicago Press

  • CarterApril Peace Movements: International Protest and World Politics since 1945 1992 Harlow Longman

  • CeadelMartin The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730–1854 1996 Oxford Oxford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CeadelMartin Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1854–1945 2000 Oxford Oxford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CeadelMartin The Quaker Peace Testimony and its Contribution to the British Peace Movement: An Overview Quaker Studies 2002 7 1 9 29

  • ChabbottColette BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. Development ingos Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875 1999 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 222 248

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CharleChristopheSchriewerJürgenWagnerPeter Transnational Intellectual Networks: Forms of Academic Knowledge and the Search for Cultural Identities 2004 Frankfurt am Main Campus

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CharnovitzSteve Two Centuries of Participation: ngos and International Governance Michigan Journal of International Law 1996 18 183 286

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ChetleyAndrew The Politics of Baby Foods: Successful Challenges to an International Marketing Strategy 1986 London Frances Pinter

  • ChryssidesGeorge D. Historical Dictionary of New Religious Movements 2012 second edition Lanham, MD Scarecrow Press

  • ClarkAnn Marie Diplomacy of Conscience: Amnesty International and Changing Human Rights Norms 2001 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ClarkIan Globalization and Fragmentation: International Relations in the Twentieth Century 1997 Oxford Oxford University Press

  • ClarkIan International Legitimacy and World Society 2007 Oxford Oxford University Press

  • CohenS. Ralph IATA: The First Three Decades: A History of Thirty Years of Free Association between the Airlines of the World in the Interests of Its Peoples 1949 Montreal Head Office of the International Air Transport Association

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ConnPeter Pearl S. Buck: A Cultural Biography 1996 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • ConnorsJane WillettsPeter ngos and the Human Rights of Women at the United Nations The Conscience of the World: The Influence of Non-Governmental Organisations in the U.N. System 1996 London Hurst 147 180

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Constantinian Order History of the Constantinian Order 2012 Online at: http://www.constantinianorder.org/history/index.html

  • CooperSandi The Work of Women in Nineteenth Century Continental European Peace Movements Peace & Change 1983 9 4 11 28

  • CooperSandi Patriotic Pacifism: Waging War on War in Europe 1815–1914 1991 New York Oxford University Press

  • CornilleCatherine The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Inter-Religious Dialogue 2013 Hoboken, NJ Wiley

  • CortrightDavid Peace: A History of Movements and Ideas 2008 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • CottNancy F. The Grounding of Modern Feminism 1987 New Haven, CT Yale University Press

  • CrawfordElisabeth Nationalism and Internationalism in Science 1880–1939: Four Studies of the Nobel Population 1992 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CrononEdmund David Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association 1969 Madison, WI University of Wisconsin Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CummingGordon D. French ngos in the Global Era: Professionalization ‘Without Borders’? VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 2008 19 4 372 394

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CutlerA. Claire Private Power and Global Authority: Transnational Merchant Law in the Global Political Economy 2003 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DaltonRussell J. KamienieckiSheldon The Environmental Movement in Western Europe Environmental Politics in the International Arena: Movements Parties Organizations and Policy 1993 Albany, NY State University of New York Press 41 68

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DarmonPierre La Longue Traque de la Variole: Les Pionniers de la Médecine Préventive 1986 Paris Perrin

  • DavidHuw T. Transnational Advocacy in the Eighteenth Century: Transatlantic Activism and the Anti-Slavery Movement Global Networks 2007 7 3 367 382

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DavidsonAlastair The Immutable Laws of Mankind: The Struggle for Universal Human Rights 2012 New York Springer

  • DaviesThomas The Possibilities of Transnational Activism: The Campaign for Disarmament between the Two World Wars 2007 Leiden Martinus Nijhoff

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DaviesThomas ReinaldaBob Researching Transnational History: The Example of Peace Activism The Ashgate Research Companion to Non-State Actors 2011 London Ashgate 35 46

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DaviesThomas Internationalism in a Divided World: The Experience of the International Federation of League of Nations Societies, 1919–1939 Peace & Change 2012a 37 2 227 252

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DaviesThomas La Transformation des ong Internationales et ses Effets sur L’Aide au Développement Revue Internationale de Politique de Développement 2012b 3 63 75

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DaviesThomas HarmanSophieWilliamsDavid Governing Communications Governing the World? Cases in Global Governance 2013 Abingdon Routledge 114 127

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DaviesThomas NGOs: A New History of Transnational Civil Society 2014a New York Oxford University Press

  • DaviesThomas Educational Internationalism, Universal Human Rights, and International Organisation: International Relations in the Thought and Practice of Robert Owen Review of International Studies 2014b 40 4 729 751

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DegrasJane The Communist International 1919–1943: Documents 1971 Vol. 2 London Frank Cass 1923 1928

  • DelaisiFrancis Political Myths and Economic Realities 1927 New York The Viking Press

  • Della PortaDonatella The Global Justice Movement: Cross-National and Transnational Perspectives 2007 Boulder, CO Paradigm

  • DeSimoneLivio D.PopoffFrank Eco-efficiency: The Business Link to Sustainable Development 1997 Cambridge, MA MIT Press

  • DivineRobert A. Second Chance: The Triumph of Internationalism in America during World War II 1967 New York Athenaeum

  • DohertyBrianDoyleTimothy Beyond Borders: Environmental Movements and Transnational Politics 2008 Abingdon Routledge

  • DoniniAntonio The Bureaucracy and the Free Spirits: Stagnation and Innovation in the Relationship between the un and ngos Third World Quarterly 1995 16 3 421 439

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DoseRalfSelwynPamela Eve The World League for Sexual Reform: Some Possible Approaches Journal of the History of Sexuality 2003 12 1 1 15

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DrescherSeymour Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery 2009 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • DroriGili S.MeyerJohn W.RamirezFrancisco O.SchoferEvan Science in the Modern World Polity: Institutionalization and Globalization 2003 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EberlyDon The Rise of Global Civil Society: Building Communities and Nations from the Bottom Up 2008 New York Encounter Books

  • EcoUmberto The Search for the Perfect Language 1995 Oxford Blackwell

  • ErdmannKarl Dietrich Toward a Global Community of Historians: The International Historical Congresses and the International Committee of Historical Sciences 1898–2000 2005 New York Berghahn

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EsedebePeter Olisanwuche Pan-Africanism: The Idea and Movement 1776–1991 1994 Washington, DC Howard University Press

  • EisenbergChristiane GeyerMartin H.PaulmannJohannes The Rise of Internationalism in Sport The Mechanics of Internationalism: Culture Society and Politics from the 1840s to the First World War 2001 London German Historical Institute London 375 404

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EvangelistaMatthew Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War 1999 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

  • EvansClayton Rescue at Sea: An International History of Lifesaving Coastal Rescue Craft and Organisations 2003 London Conway Maritime Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FallotT. Une Noble Entreprise: L’Union Internationale des Amies de la Jeune Fille 1902 Valence A. Ducros

  • FariesJohn Culbert The Rise of Internationalism 1915 New York W. D. Gray

  • FernosRodrigo Science Still Born: The Rise and Impact of the Pan American Scientific Congresses 1898–1916 2003 Lincoln, NE iUniverse

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FereeMyra MarxTrippAili Mari Global Feminism: Transnational Women’s Activism Organizing and Human Rights 2006 New York New York University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FeyHarold Edward A History of the Ecumenical Movement: Volume 2 1948–1968 1987 Geneva World Council of Churches

  • FinnemoreMartha National Interests in International Society 1996 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

  • FinnemoreMarthaSikkinkKathryn International Norm Dynamics and Political Change International Organization 1998 52 4 887 917

  • FitzwilliamsJames M. St Barbe Baker: Far-Sighted Pioneer Environmental Conservation 1987 14 2 164 168

  • FlackTed Insights into the Origins of Organised Charity from the Catholic Tradition of Confraternities 2008 Brisbane Occasional Paper for the Australian Centre of Philanthropy and Nonprofit Studies, Queensland University of Technology

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FladelandBetty Men and Brothers: Anglo-American Anti-Slavery Cooperation 1972 Urbana, IL University of Illinois Press

  • FocsaneanuLazar Le Droit International de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Annuaire Français de Droit International 1966 12 12 377 408

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FominayaCristina FlesherCoxLaurence Understanding European Movements: New Social Movements Global Justice Struggles Anti-Austerity Protest 2013 Abingdon Routledge

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ForemanKaren Evolving Global Structures and the Challenges Facing International Relief and Development Organizations Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 1999 28 1 178 197

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ForsterPeter Glover The Esperanto Movement 1982 The Hague Mouton

  • ForsytheDavid P. The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross 2005 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • FosterCatherine Women for All Seasons: The Story of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom 1989 Athens, GA University of Georgia Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FouchardPhilippeGaillardEmmanuelGoldmanBertholdSavageJohn Fouchard Gaillard Goldman on International Commercial Arbitration 1999 The Hague Kluwer Law International

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FrankDavid John HoffmanAndrew J.VentrescaMarc J. The Origins Question: Building Global Institutions to Protect Nature Organizations Policy and the Natural Environment: Institutional and Strategic Perspectives 2002 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 41 56

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FrankDavid JohnHironakaAnnMeyerJohn W.SchoferEvanBrandon TumaNancy BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. The Rationalization and Organization of Nature in World Culture Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875 1999 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 81 99

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FreymondJaquesMolnárMiklós DrachkovitchMilorad M. The Rise and Fall of the First International The Revolutionary Internationals 1864–1943 1966 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 3 35

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FriouxStéphane RodognoDavideStruckBernhardVogelJakob Sanitizing the City: The Transnational Work and Networks of French Sanitary Engineers (1890s–1930s) Shaping the Transnational Sphere: Experts Networks and Issues from the 1840s to the 1930s 2015 New York Berghahn 44 59

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FroehleBryan T. AnheierHelmut K.ToeplerStefanListRegina Religious Orders International Encyclopedia of Civil Society 2010 New York Springer 1300 1307

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GaraiGeorge 40 Years in Action: A Record of the World Jewish Congress 1936–1976 1976 Geneva World Jewish Congress

  • GeissImanuel The Pan-African Movement: A History of Pan-Africanism in America Europe and Africa 1974 London Methuen

  • GershoniIsraelJankowskiJames P. Redefining the Egyptian Nation 1930–1945 1995 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • GeyerMartin H. GeyerMartin H.PaulmannJohannes One Language for the World: The Metric System, International Coinage, Gold Standard, and the Rise of Internationalism, 1850–1900 The Mechanics of Internationalism: Culture Society and Politics from the 1840s to the First World War 2001 London German Historical Institute London 55 92

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GeyerMartin H.PaulmannJohannes The Mechanics of Internationalism: Culture Society and Politics from the 1840s to the First World War 2001 London German Historical Institute London

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GlasiusMarlies The International Criminal Court: A Global Civil Society Achievement 2006 Abingdon Routledge

  • GoddenLeslie J. The American Dental Society of Europe: A History 1873–1973 1973 Basel American Dental Society of Europe

  • GoetzHelmut Marc-Antoine Jullien de Paris (1775–1848): Der geistige Werdergang eines Revolutionärs. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Vorläufer internationaler Organisationen des 20. Jährhunderts 1954 Dornbirn Hugo Mayer

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GoodayGraemeBerrisCharnleyVeneerLeuchaClausonThierry The Electric Century: 1906–2006 2006 Geneva International Electrotechnical Commission

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GottliebAmy Zahl Men of Vision: Anglo-Jewry’s Aid to Victims of the Nazi Regime 1933–1945 1998 London Weidenfeld and Nicolson

  • GrazJean-ChristopheNölkeAndreas Transnational Private Governance and its Limits 2008 Abingdon Routledge

  • GreenawayFrank Science International: A History of the International Council of Scientific Unions 1996 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GreenbergSimonRyssdalAnders Cordero-MossGiuditta Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce International Commercial Arbitration: Different Forms and Their Features 2013 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 204 216

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrevenThomasGrumkeThomas Globalisierter Rechtsextremismus? Die Extremistische Rechte in der Ära der Globalisierung 2006 Wiesbaden V. S. Verlag

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GroveRichard H. Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism 1600–1860 1995 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GubinElainevan MolleLeen Women Changing the World: A History of the International Council of Women 1888–1988 2005 Brussels Editions Racine

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GuerryLinda WhalenPhilipYoungPatrick A Local and Transnational Approach to Migration: The International Migration Service and its Marseilles Office in the First Half of the Twentieth Century Place and Locality in Modern France 2014 London Bloomsbury 65 75

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Guillem-LlobatXimo The Search for International Food Safety Regulation: From the Commission Internationale pour la répression des falsifications to the Société universelle de la Croix Blanche (1879–1909) Social History of Medicine 2014 27 3 419 439

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GüntherDagmar Wandern und Sozialismus: Zur Geschichte des Touristenvereins ‘Die Naturfreunde’ im Kaiserreich und in der Weimarer Republik 2003 Hamburg Verlag Dr. Kovač

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GuttmanAllen The Olympics: A History of the Modern Games 2002 Champaign, IL University of Illinois Press

  • HallPeter Dobkin PowellWalter W.SteinbergRichard A Historical Overview of Philanthropy, Voluntary Associations, and Nonprofit Organizations in the United States, 1600–2000 The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook—Second Edition 2006 New Haven, CT Yale University Press 32 65

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HallRodney BruceBierstekerThomas J. The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance 2002 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • Halme-TuomisaariMiiaSlottePamela Revisiting the Origins of Human Rights 2015 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • HalpernStephen Mark The Institute of International Education: A History 1969 PhD dissertation Columbia University

  • HarmanSophie The World Bank and HIV/AIDS: Setting a Global Agenda 2010 Abingdon Routledge

  • HarmanSophie Global Health Governance 2012 Abingdon Routledge

  • HarmattaM. J. HarmattaM. J.WurmS. A. Introduction Manuel de l’UAI 1987 Brussels Secrétariat administratif de l’UAI, Palais des Académies 6 9

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HarmsenEgbert Islam Civil Society and Social Work: Muslim Voluntary Welfare Associations in Jordan between Patronage and Empowerment 2008 Amsterdam Amsterdam University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HarreldDonald J. A Companion to the Hanseatic League 2015 Leiden Brill

  • HazareesinghSudhir Intellectual Founders of the Republic: Five Studies in Nineteenth-Century French Political Thought 2001 Oxford Oxford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HealyLynne M. International Social Work: Professional Action in an Interdependent World 2008 New York Oxford University Press

  • HeartfieldJames The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society: A History 1838–1956 2016 London Hurst

  • HerrenMadeleine Hintertüren zur Macht. Internationalismus und modernisierungsorientierte Außenpolitik in Belgien der Schweiz und den USA 1865–1914 2000 Munich Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HillChristopher R. Olympic Politics: Athens to Atlanta 1896–1996 1996 Manchester Manchester University Press

  • HiltonMatthew Prosperity for All: Consumer Activism in an Era of Globalization 2009 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

  • HiltonMatthewCrowsonNickMcKayJamesMouhotJean-François A Historical Guide to NGOs in Britain: Charities Civil Society and the Voluntary Sector Since 1945 2012 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HockingBrianKellyDominic CooperAndrew FentonEnglishJohnThakurRamesh Chandra Doing the business? The International Chamber of Commerce, the United Nations, and the Global Compact Enhancing Global Governance: Toward a New Diplomacy 2002 Tokyo United Nations University Press 203 228

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HoldgateMartin The Green Web: A Union for World Conservation 1999 London Earthscan

  • HoltonRobert John Cosmopolitanism or Cosmopolitanisms? The Universal Races Congress of 1911 Global Networks 2002 2 2 153 170

  • HopgoodStephen Keepers of the Flame: Understanding Amnesty International 2006 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

  • HopgoodStephen The Endtimes of Human Rights 2013 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

  • HoughPeter The Global Politics of Pesticides: Forging Consensus from Conflicting Interests 1998 London Earthscan

  • HowardJane Margaret Mead: A Life 1984 New York Simon and Schuster

  • HowardMichael War and the Liberal Conscience 2008 London Hurst and Company

  • HuntLynn Inventing Human Rights: A History 2007 New York Norton

  • ibu (International Broadcasting Union) The Problems of Broadcasting 1930 Geneva International Broadcasting Union

  • ifwea The Story of IFWEA 1980 London IFWEA

  • IriyeAkira The Internationalization of History American Historical Review 1989 94 1 1 10

  • IriyeAkira Cultural Internationalism and World Order 1997 Baltimore, MD Johns Hopkins University Press

  • IriyeAkira Global Community: The Role of International Organizations in the Making of the Contemporary World 2002 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • IshayMicheline The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Globalization Era 2004 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JacksonMauriceKozelSue Quakers and their Allies in the Abolitionist Cause 1754–1808 2015 Abingdon Routledge

  • JainDevaki Women Development and the UN: A Sixty-Year Quest for Equality and Justice 2005 Bloomington, IN University of Indiana Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JamesStanlie MyriseRobertsonClaire C. Genital Cutting and Transnational Sisterhood: Disputing U.S. Polemics 2002 Urbana, IL University of Illinois Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JohnsonAlexander An Account of Some Societies at Amsterdam and Hamburgh for the Recovery of Drowned Persons and of Similar Institutions at Venice Milan Padua Vienna and Paris 1773 London John Nourse

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JohnsonTerence J.CaygillMarjorie The Development of Accountancy Links in the Commonwealth Accounting and Business Research 1971 1 2 155 173

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JollJames The Second International 1889–1914 1974 London Routledge

  • KandilAmani KoranyBahgat An Attempt to Evaluate the Development of Arab Civil Society The Changing Middle East: A New Look at Regional Dynamics 2010 Cairo American University in Cairo Press 43 58

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KatesGary The Cercle Social the Girondins and the French Revolution 1985 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

  • KatesGary ApplewhiteHarriet B.LevyDarline G. ‘The Powers of Husband and Wife must be Equal and Separate’: The Cercle Social and the Rights of Women, 1790–91 Women and Politics in the Age of Democratic Revolution 1990 Ann Arbor, MI University of Michigan Press 163 180

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KeckMargaret E.SikkinkKathryn Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics 1998 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KedourieElie KedourieElie The Alliance Israélite Universelle, 1860–1960 Arab Political Memoirs and Other Studies 1974 London Frank Cass and Company 73 80

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KejariwalO. P. The Asiatic Society of Bengal and the Discovery of India’s Past 1784–1838 1988 Delhi Oxford University Press

  • KellawayWilliam The New England Company 1649–1776: Missionary Society to the American Indians 1961 London Longman

  • KellyDominic The Business of Diplomacy: The International Chamber of Commerce meets the United Nations 2001 Warwick Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KhagramSanjeevAlvordSarah BatliwalaSrilathaBrownL. David The Rise of Civic Transnationalism Transnational Civil Society: An Introduction 2006 Bloomfield, CT Kumarian Press 66 67

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KhalidiRashidAndersonLisaMuslihMuhammadSimonReeva S. The Origins of Arab Nationalism 1991 New York Columbia University Press

  • KimYoung S. BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. Constructing a Global Identity: The Role of Esperanto Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875 1999 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 127 148

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KittlerGlenn D. The Dynamic World of Lions International: The Fifty-Year Saga of Lions Clubs 1968 New York M. Evans

  • KochPeter 125 Years of the International Union of Marine Insurance: From an Alliance of Insurance Companies in Continental Europe to a Worldwide Organization of National Associations 1999 Karlsruhe Verlag Versicherungswirtschaft

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KoopsWillemWiederJoachim IFLA’s First Fifty Years: Achievement and Challenge in International Librarianship 1977 Munich Verlag Dokumentation

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KoreyWilliam NGOs and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Curious Grapevine 2001 New York Palgrave

  • KoteckJoël Youth Organizations as a Battlefield in the Cold War Intelligence and National Security 2003 18 2 168 191

  • KottSandrine RodognoDavideStruckBernhardVogelJakob From Transnational Reformist Network to International Organization: The International Association for Labour Legislation and the International Labour Organization, 1900–1930s Shaping the Transnational Sphere: Experts Networks and Issues from the 1840s to the 1930s 2015 New York Berghahn 239 258

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KramerMartin Islam Assembled: The Advent of the Muslim Congresses 1986 New York Columbia University Press

  • KühlStefan For the Betterment of the Race: The Rise and Fall of the International Movement for Eugenics and Racial Hygiene 2013 New York Palgrave Macmillan

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LaberJeri The Courage of Strangers: Coming of Age with the Human Rights Movement 2002 New York PublicAffairs

  • LambBobby Promising the Earth 1996 New York Routledge

  • LaquaDaniel The Age of Internationalism and Belgium 1880–1930: Peace Progress and Prestige 2013 Manchester Manchester University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LaquaDaniel Democratic Politics and the League of Nations: The Labour and Socialist International as a Protagonist of Interwar Internationalism Contemporary European History 2015 24 2 175 192

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LaqueurWalter A History of Zionism 2003 London I.B.Tauris

  • LascaridesV. CeliaHinitzBlythe F. History of Early Childhood Education 2000 Abingdon Routledge

  • LaurenPaul The Evolution of International Human Rights: Visions Seen 2011 Philadelphia, PA University of Pennsylvania Press

  • LechnerFrank J.BoliJohn World Culture: Origins and Consequences 2005 Oxford Blackwell

  • LeedenMichael Arthur Universal Fascism: The Theory and Practice of the Fascist International 1928–1936 1972 New York Howard Fertig

  • LehningJames R. European Colonialism since 1700 2013 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • LehtoOlli Mathematics without Borders: A History of the International Mathematical Union 1988 New York Springer

  • LeonardsChrisRanderaadNico Transnational Experts in Social Reform, 1840–1880 International Review of Social History 2010 55 2 215 239

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LeslieJohn C. International Air Transport Association: Some Historical Notes Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 1971 13 3/4 319 341

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LevenNarcisse Cinquante Ans d’Histoire: L’Alliance Israélite Universelle 1860–1910 Tome Premier 1911 Paris Librairie Félix Alcan

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LiddingtonJill The Road to Greenham Common: Feminism and Anti-Militarism in Britain since 1820 1989 Syracuse, NY Syracuse University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LimoncelliStephanie A. The Politics of Trafficking: The First International Movement to Combat the Sexual Exploitation of Women 2010 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LindenbergMarcBryantCoralie Going Global: Transforming Relief and Development NGOs 2001 Bloomfield, CT Kumarian Press

  • LockeyJoseph Byrne Pan-Americanism: Its Beginnings 1920 New York Macmillan

  • LöhrIsabella Die Globalisierung Geistiger Eigentumsrechte: Neue Strukturen Internationaler Zusammenarbeit 1886–1952 2011 Göttingen Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LorwinLewis L. Labor and Internationalism 1929 New York Macmillan

  • LoyaThomas A.BoliJohn BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. Standardization in the World Polity: Technical Rationality over Power Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875 1999 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 169 197

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LundestadGeir Why does Globalization Encourage Fragmentation? International Politics 2004 41 2 265 276

  • LuzaRadomir History of the International Socialist Youth Movement 1970 Leyden A. W. Sijthoff

  • LynchCecelia Beyond Appeasement: Interpreting Interwar Peace Movements in World Politics 1999 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

  • LyonsFrancis Stewart Leland Internationalism in Europe 1815–1914 1963 Leyden A. W. Sythoff

  • MacaraCharles W. Organisation Official Report of the Proceedings of the First International Congress of Delegated Representatives of Master Cotton Spinners’ and Manufacturers’ Associations held at the Tonhalle Zürich May 23 to 27 1904 1904 London Marsden 60 62 International Committee of the International Congress of Delegated Representatives of Master Cotton-Spinners’ and Manufacturers Associations

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MacShaneDenis International Labour and the Origins of the Cold War 1992 Oxford Clarendon Press

  • MäkeläKlaus Alcoholics Anonymous as a Mutual-Help Movement: A Study in Eight Societies 1996 Madison, WI University of Wisconsin Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MarshallDominique The Construction of Children as an Object of International Relations: The Declaration of Children’s Rights and the Child Welfare Committee of League of Nations, 1900–1924 The International Journal of Children’s Rights 1999 7 2 103 148

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MartensKersten The Role of ngos in the unesco System Transnational Associations 1999 2 68 82

  • MartensKersten NGOs and the United Nations: Institutionalization Professionalization and Adaptation 2005 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MartinTony Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association 1976 Dover, MA Majority Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MartinLaurence W. Peace without Victory: Woodrow Wilson and the British Liberals 1958 New Haven, CT Yale University Press

  • MarxKarlEngelsFriedrich Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei 1848 London J. E. Burghard

  • MassadJoseph Andoni Re-Orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World Public Culture 2002 14 2 361 385

  • MauermannHelmut Das Internationale Friedensbüro 1892 bis 1950 1990 Stuttgart Silberburg

  • MazuzawaTomoko The Invention of World Religions: Or How European Universalism Was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism 2012 Chicago University of Chicago Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McCormickJohn The Global Environmental Movement: Reclaiming Paradise 1989 London Belhaven

  • McCormickJohn The Global Environmental Movement 1995 London John Wiley

  • McKieDouglas Scientific Societies to the End of the Eighteenth Century The Philosophical Magazine 1948 150 133 143

  • McLarenAngus Birth Control in Nineteenth-Century England 1978 London Croom Helm

  • McMeekinSean The Red Millionaire: A Political Biography of Willy Münzenberg Moscow’s Secret Propaganda Tsar in the West 2003 New Haven, CT Yale University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MekataMotoko FloriniAnn Building Partnerships toward a Common Goal: Experiences of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines The Third Force: The Rise of Transnational Civil Society 2000 Washington, DC Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 143 176

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MeyerAndreaSavoyBénédicte The Museum Is Open: Toward a Transnational History of Museums 1750–1940 2014 Berlin Walter de Gruyter

  • MidgleyClare Women against Slavery: The British Campaigns 1780–1870 1992 London Routledge

  • MidgleyClare Feminism and Empire: Women Activists in Imperial Britain 1790–1865 2007 Abingdon Routledge

  • MillerCarol ‘Geneva—the Key to Equality’: Inter-war Feminists and the League of Nations Women’s History Review 1994 3 2 219 245

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MitchellRichard P. The Society of the Muslim Brothers 1993 New York Oxford University Press

  • MoghadamValentine M. Globalizing Women: Transnational Feminist Networks 2005 Baltimore, MD Johns Hopkins University Press

  • MolaAldo A. Corda Fratres: Storia di una Associazione Internazionale Studentesca nell’Età Dei Grandi Conflitti 1898–1948 1999 Bologna CLUEB

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MonizAmanda Bowie Cosmopolitanism in the Early American Republic GHI Bulletin Supplement 2008 5 9 22

  • MooreheadCaroline Dunant’s Dream: War Switzerland and the History of the Red Cross 1999 New York Carroll and Graf

  • MorphetSally WillettsPeter ngos and the Environment The Conscience of the World: The Influence of Non-Governmental Organisations in the U.N. System 1996 London Hurst 116 146

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MoynSamuel The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History 2010 Cambridge, MA Belknap Press

  • MoynihanPaul An Official History of Scouting 2006 London Hamlyn

  • MulleyClare The Woman who Saved the Children: A Biography of Eglantyne Jebb 2009 Oxford Oneworld

  • MulliganWilliamBricMaurice A Global History of Anti-Slavery Politics in the Nineteenth Century 2013 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan

  • MurphyCraig N.YatesJoAnne The International Organization for Standardization (ISO): Global Governance through Voluntary Consensus 2009 Abingdon Routledge

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MurrayGeoffrey FeyHarold C. Joint Service as an Instrument of Renewal A History of the Ecumenical Movement Volume 2: 1948–1968 2009 Eugene, OR Wipf and Stock 199 231

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NadelmannEthan A. Global Prohibition Regimes: The Evolution of Norms in International Society International Organization 1990 44 4 479 526

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NeierAryeh The International Human Rights Movement: A History 2012 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

  • NelsonPaul J.DorseyEllen New Rights Advocacy: Changing Strategies of Development and Human Rights NGOs 2008 Washington, DC Georgetown University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NewellPeter EdwardsMichaelGaventaJohn Campaigning for Corporate Change: Global Citizen Action on the Environment Global Citizen Action 2001 London Earthscan 189 201

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NewellPeter Climate for Change: Non-State Actors and the Global Politics of the Greenhouse 2006 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • NichollDavid Shelley The Golden Wheel: The Story of Rotary 1905 to the Present 1984 Estover, Plymouth McDonald & Evans

  • NicholsonMax The New Environmental Age 1987 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • NixonJames William A History of the International Statistical Institute 1885–1960 1960 The Hague International Statistical Institute

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OechslinJean Jacques The International Organisation of Employers: Three-quarters of a Century in the Service of the Enterprise (1920–1998) 2001 Geneva International Organisation of Employers

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OgilvieSheilagh Institutions and European Trade: Merchant Guilds 1000–1800 2011 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • OldfieldJohn R. Transatlantic Abolitionism in the Age of Revolution: An International History of Anti-Slavery c.1787–1820 2013 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ÖzcanAzmi Pan-Islamism: Indian Muslims the Ottomans and Britain 1877–1924 1997 Leiden Brill

  • PanebiancoStefania A New Euro-Mediterranean Cultural Identity 2003 London Frank Cass

  • PankhurstReza The Inevitable Caliphate? A History of the Struggle for Global Islamic Union 1924 to the Present 2013 New York Oxford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PattbergPhilipp The Institutionalization of Private Governance: How Business and Nonprofit Organizations Agree on Transnational Rules Governance 2005 18 4 589 610

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PeirceIsaac Newton The History of the Independent Order of Good Templars: Complete Up to the Year 1868 1873 Birmingham Grand Lodge of England

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PeñaAlejandro MilcíadesDaviesThomas Richard Globalisation from Above? Corporate Social Responsibility, the Workers’ Party and the Origins of the World Social Forum New Political Economy 2014 19 2 258 281

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PennMichaelNardosRahel Overcoming Violence Against Women and Girls: The International Campaign to Eradicate a Worldwide Problem 2003 Lanham, MD Rowman and Littlefield

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PigmanGeoffrey Allen The World Economic Forum: A Multi-Stakeholder Approach to Global Governance 2007 Abingdon Routledge

  • PorathYehoshua In Search of Arab Unity 1930–1945 1986 London Frank Cass

  • PorterAndrew PorterAndrewLouisWilliam Roger Trusteeship, Anti-Slavery, and Humanitarianism The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century 1999 Oxford Oxford University Press 198 221

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PotterJane SimontonDeborah Valiant Heroines or Pacific Ladies? Women in War and Peace The Routledge History of Women in Europe 2004 Abingdon Routledge 259 298

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PriceRichard Reversing the Gun Sights: Transnational Civil Society Targets Land Mines International Organization 1998 52 3 613 644

  • ProctorTammy M. Scouting for Girls: A Century of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts 2009 Santa Barbara, CA Praeger

  • RandallIan M.HilbornDavid One Body in Christ: The History and Significance of the Evangelical Alliance 2001 Carlisle Paternoster

  • RedfieldPeter Life in Crisis: The Ethical Journey of Doctors Without Borders 2013 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

  • ReillyNiamh Women’s Human Rights 2009 Cambridge Polity

  • ReinaldaBob Routledge History of International Organizations: From 1815 to the Present Day 2009 Abingdon Routledge

  • RenolietJean-Jacques L’Unesco Oubliée: La Société des Nations et la Coopération Intellectuelle 1919–1946 1999 Paris Sorbonne

  • RibiAmalia LaquaDaniel ‘The Breath of a New Life’? British Anti-Slavery Activism and the League of Nations Internationalism Reconfigured: Transnational Ideas and Movements Between the World Wars 2011 London I.B. Tauris 93 114

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RiceAnna V. A History of the World’s Young Women’s Christian Association 1948 New York Woman’s Press

  • RichPaul ‘The Baptism of a New Era’: The 1911 Universal Races Congress and the Liberal Ideology of Race Ethnic and Racial Studies 1984 7 4 534 550

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RichardsT. The World Medical Association: Can Hope Triumph over Experience? BMJ: British Medical Journal 1994 308 6923 262 266

  • RidgewayGeorge L. Merchants of Peace: Twenty Years of Business Diplomacy through the International Chamber of Commerce 1938 New York Columbia University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RiordanJamesKrügerArnd The International Politics of Sport in the Twentieth Century 1999 London E. & F. N. Spon

  • RobertDana L. Christian Mission: How Christianity became a World Religion 2009 Chichester Wiley-Blackwell

  • RonaldsPaul The Change Imperative: Creating the Next Generation NGO 2010 Sterling, VA Kumarian

  • RonitKarstenSchneiderVolker Private Organizations in Global Politics 2000 London Routledge

  • RossAlexander The History of the World the Second Part in Six Books Being a Continuation of Famous History of Sir Walter Raleigh Knight 1652 London John Saywell

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RuglandWalter S. International Actuarial Association Decennial Report: A Profession Poised for the Future 2008 Ottawa International Actuarial Association

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RuppLeila J. Constructing Internationalism: The Case of Transnational Women’s Organizations, 1888–1945 American Historical Review 1994 99 5 1571 1600

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RuppLeila J. Worlds of Women: The Making of an International Women’s Movement 1997 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

  • RuppLeila J. Sapphistries: A Global History of Love between Women 2009 New York New York University Press

  • RuppLeila J. The Persistence of Transnational Organizing: The Case of the Homophile Movement American Historical Review 2011 116 4 1014 1039

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SaalerSven SaalerSvenKoschmannJ. Victor Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History: Overcoming the Nation, Creating a Region, Forging an Empire Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History 2007 Abingdon Routledge 1 18

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SaalerSvenSzpilmanChristopher W. A. Pan-Asianism: 1850–1920 2011 Lanham, MD Rowman and Littlefield

  • SandellMarie LaquaDaniel ‘A Real Meeting of the Women of the East and West’: Women and Internationalism in the Interwar Period Internationalism Reconfigured: Transnational Ideas and Movements Between the World Wars 2011 London I.B.Tauris 161 186

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SandellMarie The Rise of Women’s Transnational Activism: Identity and Sisterhood between the World Wars 2015 London I.B. Tauris

  • SantiRainer 100 Years of Peace Making: A History of the International Peace Bureau and Other International Peace Movement Organisations and Networks 1991 Oslo International Peace Bureau

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SapiroGisèle SapiroGisèle L’internationalisation des champs intellectuels dans l’entre-deux-guerres: facteurs professionnels et politiques L’espace intellectuel en Europe: De la formation des États-nations à la mondialisation XIXe–XXIe siècle 2009 Paris La Découverte 111 146

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SarfatyGalit A. MerrySally EngleDavisKevin E.KingsburyBenedict Measuring Corporate Accountability through Global Indicators The Quiet Power of Indicators: Measuring Governance Corruption and Rule of Law 2015 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 103 132

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SaunierPierre-Yves Transnational History 2013 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan

  • ScarceRick Eco-Warriors: Understanding the Radical Environmental Movement 2005 Walnut Creek, CA Left Coast Press

  • SchlesingerStephen C. Act of Creation: The Founding of the United Nations 2003 Cambridge, MA Westview Press

  • SchoferEvan BoliJohnThomasGeorge M. Science Associations in the International Sphere, 1875–1990: The Rationalization of Science and the Scientization of Society Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875 1999 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press 249 266

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ScholzBettina R. The Cosmopolitan Potential of Exclusive Associations: Criteria for Assessing the Advancement of Cosmopolitan Norms 2015 Lanham, MD Lexington Books

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchuerkensUlrike Les Congrès de l’Institut International de Sociologie de 1894 à 1930 et l’internationalisation de la sociologie International Review of Sociology 1996 6 1 7 24

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ScovazziTullioCitroniGabriella The Struggle against Enforced Disappearance and the 2007 United Nations Convention 2007 Leiden Martinus Nijhoff

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ScudderThayer The Future of Large Dams: Dealing with Social Environmental Institutional and Political Costs 2005 London Earthscan

  • SéeHenri Histoire de la Ligue des Droits de l’Homme (1898–1926) 1927 Paris Ligue des Droits de l’Homme

  • SegevZohar The World Jewish Congress during the Holocaust: Between Activism and Restraint 2014 Berlin Walter de Gruyter

  • SenJaiWatermanPeter World Social Forum: Challenging Empires 2007 Montréal Black Rose

  • SetonRosemary Western Daughters in Eastern Lands: British Missionary Women in Asia 2013 Santa Barbara, CA Praeger

  • SheddClarence Prouty History of the World’s Alliance of Young Men’s Christian Associations 1955 London Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SikkinkKathryn Codes of Conduct for Transnational Corporations: The Case of the who/unicef Code International Organization 1986 40 4 815 840

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SikkinkKathrynSmithJackie KhagramSanjeevRikerJames V.SikkinkKathryn Infrastructures for Change: Transnational Organizations, 1953–93 Restructuring World Politics: Transnational Social Movements Networks and Norms 2002 Minneapolis, MN University of Minnesota Press 24 44

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SkocpolTheda Diminished Democracy: From Membership to Management in American Civil Life 2003 Norman, OK University of Oklahoma Press

  • SlugaGlenda Internationalism in the Age of Nationalism 2013 Philadelphia, PA University of Pennsylvania Press

  • SmillieIan Freedom from Want: The Remarkable Success Story of BRAC the Global Grassroots Organization That’s Winning the Fight against Poverty 2009 Sterling, VA Kumarian

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SmithBrian H. More than Altruism: The Politics of Private Foreign Aid 1990 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

  • SmithJackie Social Movements for Global Democracy 2008 Baltimore, MD Johns Hopkins University Press

  • SmithJackieChatfieldCharlesPagnuccoRon Transnational Social Movements and Global Politics: Solidarity beyond the State 1997 Syracuse, NY Syracuse University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SmithJackieWiestDawn Social Movements in the World-System: The Politics of Crisis and Transformation 2012 New York Russell Sage

  • SnyderLouis L. Macro-Nationalisms: A History of the Pan-Movements 1984 Westport, CT Greenwood

  • SnyderSarah B. Human Rights Activism and the End of the Cold War 2011 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • StamatovPeter The Origins of Global Humanitarianism: Religion Empires and Advocacy 2013 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

  • StantonElizabeth CadyAnthonySusan B.GageMatilda Joslyn History of Woman Suffrage 1887 Rochester, NY Susan B. Anthony

  • StearnsPeter N. Human Rights in World History 2012 Abingdon Routledge

  • StichwehRudolf FögenMarie Theres Universitätsmitglieder als Fremde in spätmittelalterlichen und frühmodernen europäischen Gesellschaften Fremde der Gesellschaft: Historische und sozialwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zur Differenzierung von Normalität und Fremdheit 1991 Frankfurt Klostermann 169 191

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • StichwehRudolf CharleChristopheSchriewerJürgenWagnerPeter From the Peregrinatio Academica to Contemporary International Student Flows—National Culture and Functional Differentiation as Emergent Causes Transnational Intellectual Networks: Forms of Academic Knowledge and the Search for Cultural Identities 2004 Frankfurt Campus Verlag 345 360

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • StienstraDeborah Women’s Movements and International Organizations 1994 London Macmillan

  • SuittersBeryl Be Brave and Angry: Chronicles of the International Planned Parenthood Federation 1973 London International Planned Parenthood Federation

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SuriJeremi FinneyPatrick Non-Governmental Organizations and Non-State Actors Palgrave Advances in International History 2005 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan 223 246

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SussmannRobert Wald The Myth of Race: The Troubling Persistence of an Unscientific Idea 2014 Cambridge, MA Cambridge University Press

  • TamagneFlorence A History of Homosexuality in Europe Vol. I: Berlin London Paris 1919–1939 2004 New York Algora

  • Tamm HallströmKristina Organizing International Standardization: ISO and the IASC in Quest of Authority 2004 Cheltenham Edward Elgar

  • TateMerze The Disarmament Illusion: The Movement for a Limitation of Armaments to 1907 1942 New York Macmillan

  • TavernorRobert Smoot’s Ear: The Measure of Humanity 2007 New Haven, CT Yale University Press

  • TchoubarianAlexander The European Idea in History in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: A View From Moscow 1994 London Routledge

  • ThomasPaul Karl Marx and the Anarchists 1985 London Routledge and Kegan Paul

  • ThompsonFrancis Michael Longstreth Chartered Surveyors: The Growth of a Profession 1968 London Routledge and Kegan Paul

  • TomlinsonAlan