Multiethnicity or Binationalism? The Framework Agreement and the Future of the Macedonian State

In: European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online
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  • 1 Jenny Engström is a doctoral candidate at the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she is conducting research on democratization and ethnopolitical relations in Macedonia and Bulgaria. She holds a BA degree in Political Science from Augustana College and an MA degree in International Relations from Columbia University.

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  • 1 Alice Ackermann, Making Peace Prevail: Preventing Violent Conflict in Macedonia (Syracuse, 2000), 61-2. 2 The Preamble of the 1991 Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

  • 3 See e.g. Ljubomir Frckoski, Model of the Interethnical Relations in Macedonia (Skopje, 1998); and Gjorgi Caca, "Status and Rights of Nationalities in the Republic of Macedonia", in James Pettifer (ed.), The New Macedonian Question (Basingstoke, 2001). ° Hugh Poulton, Who Are the Macedonians? (London, 2000), 187.

  • 5 Duncan Perry, "Macedonia in Crisis", Meeting Report No.237 (washington DC. 2001), at;2001 237per.htm.

  • 6 See Mary Kaldor, New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era (Cambridge, 1999). 7 Robert Hislope, "The Calm Before the Storm? The Influence of Cross-Border Networks, Corruption, and Contraband on Macedonian Stability and Regional Security", paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, 30 August-2 September 2001, 5. 8 Ibid., 24. 9 Ibid., 32. 10 Ibid., 39. " Framework Agreement, Ohrid and Skopje, 13 August 2001.

  • 'z Ibid., para. 2.1. 1. " Ibid., paras. 5.1 and 5.2.

  • 14 Ibid., para. 6.4. 's Ibid., para. 6.5.

  • 16 RFE/RL, "The War in Macedonia: Imported Terrorism or an Internal Rebellion? (part 1)", 3(32) South Slavic Report (13 September 2001), at " "Macedonia's Future: No Sure Thing", United States Institute of Peace Newsbyte (27 November 2001 ), at

  • '8 Joint Statement by the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights of the Republic of Macedonia and the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, UN Commission for Human Rights, 57th Session, Item 14, Specific Groups and Individuals, (b) Minorities, Geneva, 12 April 2001.

  • '9 "Macedonian Disappointments and Fears", 5(60) RFE/RL Balkan Report (24 August 2001), at Z° "The Macedonian Peace Agreement, Part 1", 5(58) RFERL Balkan Report (17 August 2001), at 2001/08/58-170801 .html. 21 At

  • zz Peter Harris and Ben Reilly (eds.), Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict:: Options for Negotiators (Stockholm, 1998), 139. z3 Ibid., 143. Z' Ibid.

  • zs "The Macedonian Peace Agreement ...". zs "Macedonia Has a New Law on Local Self-Government, But ...", 6(7) RFE RL Balkan Report (1 1 February 2002), at 27 David A. Lake and Donald Rotchild, "Political Decentralization and Civil War Settlements", paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, 30 August - 2 September 2001. 32, at 017017LakeDavid0.pdf.

  • ze George Schopflin, Nations, Identity, Power: The New Politics of Europe (London, 2000), 35.

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