t This article is an updated version of the article, 'Turkish and European Union Interests in a Cyprus Sertle- ment', 2 Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe (2002), at http://www.ecmi.de/jemie/special_ 2_2002.htrnl. 1 William Hale, Turkish Foreign Policy,1774-2G100 (London, 2000),102.
2 Alan James,'1he Making of the Cyprus Settlement 1958-60',10(2) The Cyprus Review (Fall 1998), 2-19, at 16.
3 Ole Waever,'The EU as a Security Actor', in M. Kelstrup and el. Williams (eds.), International Relations Theory and the Politics of European Integration (London, 2000), 250-94, at 262. 4 Christopher Brewin, Turkey and Europe after the Nice Summit (Istanbul, 2002),10.
5 Heinz Framer, Turkey's European Orientation and Cyprus (Cyprus, 2002), 4. 6 Christopher Brewin, Cyprus and the European Union (Huntingdon, 2000), chapter 1. 7 Brewin, Turkey and Europe... , 23.
8 See Aslan Giindiiz, 'Creeping Jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights', VII (3) Perceptions (2002),S-43.
9 Turkish Daily News, 14 December 1999. 10 F. Guven-Lisaniler and L. Rodriguez, 'The Social and Economic Impact of EU Membership on Northern Cyprus' in Thomas Diez (ed.), The European Union and the Cyprus Conflict (Manchester, 183).
m Ibid., 187. 12 Ibid.
13 Barry Buzan, Ole Wxver and J. de Wilde (eds.), Security: ANew Framework forAnalysis (Boulder, 1998), 12. 14 Dan Lindley, `The Military Factor in the Eastern Mediterranean', in Clement Dodd (ed.), Cyprus: The Need for New Perspectives (Huntingdon, 1999), 201.
15 H. Loewendahl and E. Loewendahl, Turkey's Performance in tlttracting Foreign Direct Investment: Implica- tions afEUEnlargement (Brussels, CEPS Working Documents, no. 57).
16 Presidency Conclusions, Copenhagen European Council 12-13 December, 2002, paragraph 19.
17 AA News (12 December 2002). 18 Jean Christou,'Only a Few Days Left for Final Say', Cyprus Mail, 21 February 2003.
19 At mfa.gov.tr/grupa/ad/adc/latest.htm. 20 AA News (02 January 2003). 21 Lehman Bros, Cyprus: Defying History (London, 2002). 22 It may well be that the Pentagon was less concerned with the Annan plan than in securing Turkey's help in the Iraq crisis.
23 � News (18 November, 2002). 24 This approach is applied to Cyprus in the short appendix to the article on which this contribution is based, see Brewin,'Turkish and European Interests...'.