1 Matthew E. Draper holds a J.D. from Columbia Law School (NY) and a B.A. from Princeton University (NJ). He serves as a Junior Legal Officer at the Office of the High Commissioner on National Minorities. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and are not necessarily shared by the High Commissioner or the OSCE.
1 An account of previous activities of the HCNM back to January 2001 can be found in Sally Holt, 'The Activities of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities January 2001 - May 2002,' 1 EYMI (2001/2) 563-89. For an account of the activities of the first HCNM, Mr. Max van der Stoel, from the founding of the office in 1993 to early 2001, see Walter Kemp (ed.) Quiet Diplomacy in Action: The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities (The Hague, 2001). 2 Daan Everts, 'Ten Years High Commissioner on National Minorities: the cost of one modern warplane and the story of the dog that didn't bark,' 31 January 2003, available at: http://www.osce.org/hcnm/documents/ speeches/2003/HCNM_31jan2003_daan.pdf.
3 The existing general recommendations include The Hague Recommendations on the Educational Rights of National Minorities (1996), the Oslo Recommendations on the Linguistic Rights of National Minori- ties (1998), and the Lund Recommendations on the Effective Participation of National Minorities in Public Life (1999). All are available, in a number of languages, at http://www.osce.org/hcnm/documents/ recommendations/. 4 OSCE Newsletter, December 2002, 23. 5 Speech of the HCNM, Muller Lecture on 'Preventive Diplomacy', 30 January 2003,13.
6 Official Gazette (No. 155/02). For more on this issue, see OSCE Mission to Croatia, Background Report, 'Implementation of the Constitutional Law on the Rights of rational Minorities' (clam) and Related Legislation'12 May 2003, at http://www.osce.org/croatia/documents/repons/clnm_implement _120503.pdf, and Venice Commission, 'Opinion on the Constitutional Law on the Rights of National Minorities of Croatia (14-15 March 2003), opinion no. 216/2002, CDL-AD (2003)9. 7 OSCE Newsletter, October-November 2002, 22. 8 For more on this, see the Lund Recommendations on the Effective Participation of National Minorities in Public Life (1999), at http://www.osce.org/hcnm/documents/recommendations/. See also John Packer,`The origin and nature of the Lund Recommendations on the Effective Participation of National Minorities in Public Life', 11(4) Helsinki Monitor (2000), 29-61. 9 On this issue, see the Lund Recommendations-related Guidelines to Assist NationalMinority Participation in the ElectoralProcess (2001), at http://www.osce.org/odihr/documents/guidelines/ gl_nmpa_eng.pdf.
10 HCNM Press Release, `OSCE Commissioner welcomes adoption of minority law in Croatia', 16 December 2002, at http://www.osce.org/news/show_news.php?id=2961. 11 OSCE Mission to Croatia, Press Release, 'OSCE Mission concerned about low voter turnout at minority elections in Croatia, 19 May 2003, at http://www.osce.org/news/show_news.php?id=3278. 12 10(3) OSCE Newsletter, 21.
13 HCNM Speech to the OSCE Human Dimension Implementation Review Meeting (Warsaw, 9 Septem- ber 2002), at http://www.osce.org/documents/hcnm/2002/09/466_en.pdf, 4. 14 OSCE Newsletter, October-November 2002, 22.
15 Office of the OSCE HCNM,'Note on the Possihle Use of Terminology in the Process of Incorporating Into Domestic Law International Standards for the Protection of Minorities', 31 January 2003.
16 See, e.g., Daan Everts, `Ten Years ...'. 17 Rolf Ekeus, 'From the Copenhagen Criteria to the Copenhagen Summit: The Protection of National Minorities in an Enlarging Europe' (5 November 2002), at http://www.osce.org/hcnm/documents/ speeches/2002/index.php3.
18 See OSCE Newsletter, July-August 2002, 22; OSCE Newsletter, October-November 2002, 22; and annual Report on OSCEflctivities (2002), 74. 19 HCNM Press Statement, 'Sovereignty, responsibility, and national minorities: statement by OSCE minorities commissioner', 26 October 2001, Doc. No. HCNM.GAL/5/01, at http://www.osce.org/ news/ generate.pf.php3?news_id=2095.
20 10(3) OSCE Newsletter (2003), 21. 21 HCNM Press Statement, `High Commissioner wams of Hungarian 'Status Law' precedent', 24 June 2003, at http://www.osce.org/news/generate.pf.php3?news_id=3372. 22 See HCNM Speech to the OSCE Human Dimension Implementation Review Meeting (Warsaw, 9 Sep- tember 2002), 4, at http://www.osce.org/documents/hcnm/2002/09/466_en.pdf.
23 Speech of the HCNM, Muller Lecture on 'Preventive Diplomacy', 30 January 2003,13. 24 OSCE HCNM Press Release, 'OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities visits Kyrgyszstan', 22 April 2003, at http://www.osce.org/news/generate.pf.php3?news_id=3216.
25 OSCE Newsletter, July-August 2002, 22. 26 The repatriation and integration of the Meshketian Turks was a condition of Georgia's membership in the Council of Europe. See Council of Europe, Parliamentary Assembly, 'Georgia's application for mem- bership of the Council of Europe,' opinion no. 209 (1999) adopted 27 January 1999 (4th Sitting), at http: //portal.coe.ge/index.php?lan=en&id=geoeu&sub=3. 27 Speech of the HCNM. Joint OSCE-HCNM-LJNDP Conference 'Promoting Integration and Devel- opment in the Samtskhe-Javakheti Region of Georgia', 19 November 2002, at http://www.osce.org/ documents/hcnm/2002/ll/464_en.pdf.
28 Annual Report on OSCE Activities (2002), 76.
29 For more on this issue, see Sally Holt and John Packer, 'OSCE Developments and Linguistic Minorities', 3(2) Unesco MOST Electronic ,�ournal on Multicultural! Societies (2001), at http://www.unesco.org/most/ vl3n2packer.htm. 30 For an overview of the HCNM's work in this field, see John Packer,'The Practitioner's Perspective: Minority Languages and Linguistic Minorities in the Work of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minori- ties' in Gabrielle Hogan-Brun and Stefan Wolff (eds.), Minority Languages in Europe Status - Frameworks -Prospects (London, forthcoming). 31 RFE/RL Newsline Vol. 7, No. 90, Part II (14 May 2003).
32 See, e.g., Speech of the HCNM, Joint OSCE-HCNM-I1NDP Conference 'Promoting Integration ...'.