Critical Readings on the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan (4 vols.)

Series:  Critical Readings
Editor: Robert Pekkanen
This work collects decades of the best published scholarship in English on the unequivocally most successful political party in Japanese history: the Liberal Democratic Party (the LDP). Governing Japan for almost the entirety of the post-war period, the LDP also has a claim to be the most successful political party in any post-war democracy. Seminal articles in this collection explore the key aspects of the LDP: the party’s evolution since its founding in 1955; key facets of the LDP’s internal organization including factions and koenkai; the LDP in policy-making, including its relationship with the bureaucracy and interest groups, as well as its policy-making committee apparatus; and, party leadership, including the premierships of Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzo Abe.

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Robert J. Pekkanen (Ph.D. 2002, Harvard) is Professor at the Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington (Seattle, USA). Pekkanen has published widely on the LDP, including in the American Political Science Review and coauthored The Rise and Fall of Japan's LDP (2011), and coedited The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems (2018) and Japan Decides 2017: The Japanese General Election (2018).
All interested in Japanese politics.

Introduction
Robert J. Pekkanen


Part 1 The Origin and Development of the LDP


1 The Creation of the Liberal Democratic Party in 1955
Masaru Kohno


2 The LDP
Masumi Junnosuke


3 Political Parties
Hitoshi Abe, Muneyuki Shindō and Sadafumi Kawato


4 Tanaka Kakuei, Structural Corruption, and the Advent of Machine Politics in Japan
Chalmers Johnson


5 The Evolution of the LDP’s Intraparty Politics
Masaru Kohno


6 Rational Foundations for the Organization of the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan
Masaru Kohno


7 Creative Conservatism: Public Policy in Japan
T. J. Pempel


8 Party Organization
J. Mark Ramseyer and Frances M. Rosenbluth


9 The Conservative Policy Line and the Development of Patterned Pluralism
Michio Muramatsu and Ellis S. Krauss


10 Conclusion: Democracy without Competition
Ethan Scheiner


11 The Politics of Party: The Liberal Democrats and their Rivals
J. A. A. Stockwin


12 Epilogue: LDP Rule in the 1980s
Masumi Junnosuke


13 Introduction: Uncommon Democracies: The One-Party Dominant Regimes
T. J. Pempel


14 Over-Nominating Candidates, Undermining the Party: The Collective Action Problem under SNTV in Japan
Kuniaki Nemoto, Robert Pekkanen and Ellis Krauss


15 Party Strategy or Candidate Strategy: How Does the LDP Run the Right Number of Candidates in Japan’s Multi-Member Districts?
Steven R. Reed


16 Manipulating Electoral Rules to Manufacture Single-Party Dominance
Kenneth Mori McElwain


Part 2 The Pillars of the LDP


A The Koenkai


17 The Politics of Party Endorsement
Gerald L. Curtis


18 The Kōenkai
Hitoshi Abe, Muneyuki Shindō and Sadafumi Kawato


19 Organizing One’s Support Base under the SNTV: The Case of Japanese Koenkai
Jean-Marie Bouissou


20 The Effect of Electoral Reforms on Campaign Practices in Japan: Putting New Wine into Old Bottles
Ray Christensen


21 The Liberal Democratic Party in Time
Ellis S. Krauss and Robert J. Pekkanen


22 The Kōenkai: Origins and Development of a Vote-Mobilization Machine
Ellis S. Krauss and Robert J. Pekkanen


23 The Liberal Democratic Party Out of Time?
Ellis S. Krauss and Robert J. Pekkanen


24 How a Diet Member’s Koenkai Adapts to Social and Political Changes
Otake Hideo


b Factions


25 The Factions
Nathaniel B. Thayer


26 Factional Competition for the Party Endorsement: The Case of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party
Gary W. Cox and Frances M. Rosenbluth


27 Factional Dynamics in Japan’s LDP since Political Reform: Continuity and Change
Cheol Hee Park


C Personnel Management and the Policy-Making Process


28 Making a Cabinet
Nathaniel B. Thayer


29 The Liberal Democratic Party
John Creighton Campbell


30 The Specter of Crisis
Kent E. Calder


31 The Liberal Democratic Party: The Organization of Political Power
Gerald L. Curtis


32 From Pork to Policy: The Rise of Programmatic Campaigning in Japanese Elections
Amy Catalinac


33 The Prime Minister and Party Politics: The LDP and the Opposition
Kenji Hayao


34 Nukaga Fukushiro: Climbing the Ladder to Influence
Yamada Masahiro


Part 3 Electoral Reform and the LDP


35 The End of One-Party Dominance
Gerald L. Curtis


36 Regime Shift: Japanese Politics in a Changing World Economy
T. J. Pempel


37 Forces for Political Reform: The Liberal Democratic Party’s Young Reformers and Ozawa Ichirō
Otake Hideo


38 Electoral Incentives in Mixed-Member Systems: Party, Posts, and Zombie Politicians in Japan
Robert Pekkanen, Benjamin Nyblade and Ellis S. Krauss


39 Party and Voter Dealignment: The LDP System Disintegrates
Ikuo Kabashima and Gill Steel


40 Electoral Incentives and Policy Preferences: Mixed Motives Behind Party Defections in Japan
Steven R. Reed and Ethan Scheiner


Part 4 The LDP after the End of the “’55 System”


A The Development of the LDP after the End of the “’55 System”


41 The Rise and Fall of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party
Ellis S. Krauss and Robert J. Pekkanen


42 The Liberal Democratic Party at 50: Sources of Dominance and Changes in the Koizumi Era
Patrick Köllner


43 Locating the LDP and Koizumi in Policy Space: A Party System Ripe for Realignment
Leonard Schoppa


44 Storming the Castle: The Battle for Postal Reform in Japan
Patricia L. Maclachlan


45 Explaining Party Adaptation to Electoral Reform: The Discreet Charm of the LDP?
Ellis S. Krauss and Robert Pekkanen


46 Representation and Policymaking under LDP Administrations in the Post-1955 System
Ikuo Kabashima and Gill Steel


47 Conservatives and their Allies
Ian Neary


48 Between Pork and Productivity: The Collapse of the Liberal Democratic Party
T. J. Pempel


49 Avoiding a Two-Party System: The Liberal Democratic Party versus Duverger’s Law
Steven R. Reed and Kay Shimizu


50 The Liberal Democratic Party: An Explanation of Its Successes and Failures
Steven R. Reed


51 The Evolution of the LDP’s Electoral Strategy: Towards a More Coherent Political Party
Steven R. Reed


52 Japanese Politics under the LDP
Tomohito Shinoda


53 The Liberal Democratic Party: Still the Most Powerful Party in Japan
Ronald J. Hrebenar and Akira Nakamura


B The LDP under Prime Minister Jun’ichiro Koizumi


54 How Junichiro Koizumi Seized the Leadership of Japans Liberal Democratic Party
Ikuo Kabashima and Gill Steel


55 Koizumi’s Failed Revolution
Aurelia George Mulgan


56 Policy Dissension and Party Discipline: The July 2005 Vote on Postal Privatization in Japan
Kuniaki Nemoto, Ellis Krauss and Robert Pekkanen


57 Koizumi’s Top-Down Leadership in the Anti-Terrorism Legislation: The Impact of Political Institutional Changes
Tomohito Shinoda


58 Grading Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi’s Revolution: How Far Has the LDP’s Policymaking Changed?
Ko Mishima


C The LDP under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe


59 The Abe Effect and Domestic Politics
Takashi Terada


60 The LDP’s Path Back to Power
Masahisa Endo, Robert Pekkanen, and Steven R. Reed


61 The LDP: Return to Dominance? Or a Golden Age Built on Sand?
Masahisa Endo and Robert J. Pekkanen


62 Epilogue: Developments under the Abe Cabinet
Tomohito Shinoda


63 Japan in 2014: All about Abe
Robert J. Pekkanen and Saadia M. Pekkanen


64 Japan in 2015: More about Abe
Robert J. Pekkanen and Saadia M. Pekkanen


Index