The Contributions of Specialized Institutes and Non-Governmental Organizations to the United Nations Criminal Justice Program

In honor of Adolfo Beria di Argentine

The increase of crime at the national, transnational, and international levels has heightened concern in the international community and generated greater interest in international criminal justice policy. Since the 1950s, the United Nations has been developing the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme, which was designed to respond to these concerns. But United Nations resources and support for the programme have been limited, notwithstanding the services and contributions of the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch.
As the United Nations celebrates its Fiftieth Anniversary, it is fitting to have a book that describes the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme. The information it contains highlights the significant contributions of a number of organizations, whose work may not be sufficiently known outside the circles of scholars, experts, and professionals in the field of international criminal justice. The book is thus also a deserving tribute to these organizations, giving greater publicity to what they have contributed over the years with scant United Nations recognition. Without these organizations and the active NGOs, the United Nations would hardly have leave to claim part of what is now an important, though still insufficient, contribution to international criminal justice.

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' ...[t]his is a useful volume of reference which is likely to be a valuable source of research in the future.' European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 8:2.
Preface; M.C. Bassiouni. Introduction; G. Vassalli. Biography of Adolfo Beria di Argentine. List of contributors. Part I: The United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Policy. 1. A Very Personal and Family History of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch; F. Adler, G.O.W. Mueller. 2. The Work of the United Nations in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice; E. Vetere. 3. The Evolution of United Nations Policy Approaches to Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: From the Committee on Crime Prevention and Control to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice; H. Woltring. 4. The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Stocktaking After Two Sessions; R.S. Clark. 5. United Nations Criminal Justice Norms and Standards and Customary Law; S. Redo. 6. Crossover Linkages and Overlaps Between Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice and Human Rights; F. Pocar. Part II: The United Nations Institutes. 7. Introduction; M.C. Bassiouni. 8. UNICRI: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute; H. Woltring. 9. UNAFEI: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders; K. Horiuchi. 10. ILANUD: United Nations Latin American Institute for the Prevention and the Treatment of Offenders; R. Paris-Steffens. 11. UNAFRI: United Nations African Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders; E.P. Kibuka. Part III: The United Nations Affiliated Institutes. 12. HEUNI: The European Link in the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme; M. Joutsen. 13. ASSTC: The Arab Securities Studies and Training Centre; A.A. Al- Rahman Al-Brahim. 14. ISISC: International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences; M.C. Bassouni. 15. AIC: The International Role of the Australian Institute of Criminology; D. Biles, D. Chappell. 16. ICCLR & CJ: The International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy; D. Préfontaine. 17. ISPAC: International Scientific and Advisory Professional Council; E.U. Savona. 18. ICPC: International Centre for the Prevention of Crime: I. Waller. Part IV: The `Four Major' Non-Governmental Organizations in Criminal Justice. 19. AIDP: International Association of Penal Law: Over a Century of Dedication to Criminal Justice and Human Rights; M.C. Bassiouni. 20. IPPF: Activities of the International Penal and Pententiary Foundation; G. Picca, D. Szabo. 22. ISSD: International Society of Social Defence; S. Rozès. 23. ICC: International Coordinating Committee; R. Ottenhof. Part V: Italian Perspectives. 24. CNPDS: The Contribution of Centro Nazionale di Prevenzione e Difesa Sociale to International Criminal Law Policy; L. Pomodoro. 25. The Impact of the Judiciary on the Renewal of the Italian Society; G. di Gennaro. 26. The International Engagement for Enhancing Non-Custodial Measures and for Reducing Recourse to Incarceration: An Overview on the Researches Concerning Non- Custodial Aanctions; L. Daga.