Conflict and Cooperation on South Asia's International Rivers

A Legal Perspective


Water resources management is receiving increasing attention worldwide due to the considerable challenges that face the quantitative and qualitative aspects of water. These challenges are attributed to a multitude of factors, including the significant increase in population, urbanization and environmental degradation. Such factors are more apparent in the South Asian Sub-continent (Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan) than many other parts of the world. Moreover, the problems of the Sub-continent are compounded by the fact that it encompasses some 20 major international rivers. As a result, the Sub-continent has had to deal with some of the most difficult disputes over international rivers, while at the same time it has been successful in designing some interesting methods for cooperation.
This book, by Dr. Salman M.A. Salman and Dr. Kishor Uprety, focuses on the hydro-politics and legal regime of international water in the Sub-continent. It discusses the bilateral treaty regimes between India and Pakistan, India and Nepal, and India and Bangladesh over some of the major shared rivers between them. The book also provides an overview of main issues and common elements regarding shared rivers among those countries.

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'This is a higly insightful and path-breaking study. The authors should be commended for their painstaking survey and study of the Sub-Continent Rivers, which enriches our understanding with regard to the three major rivers of the Sub-Continent. This book undoubtedly constitutes a valuable coantribution to the literature on law of international watercourse. This volume is an added source for resource in international water courses law in general, South Asia in particular, and it will certainly inspire further research in this area.'
Ch. Benarji, Indian Journal of International Law, 2003.
List of Tables. List of Maps. Glossary. Acknowledgements. Preface. Series Editor's Preface. Part One: General Introduction. 1. Introduction. I.The South Asian Sub-continent. II. International Water Law. III. Scope of the Study. Part Two: India Pakistan Relations. 1. The Indus River. I. Introduction and History. II. The Indus Treaty Regime. III. Conclusion. Part Three: India Nepal Relations. 3. The Kosi River. I. Introduction and History. II. The Kosi Treaty Regime. III. Conclusion. 4. The Gandaki River. I. Introduction and History. II. The Gandak Treaty Regime. III. Conclusion. 5. The Mahakali River. I. Introduction and History. II. The Mahakali Treaty Regime. III. Conclusion. 6. The Kosi, Gandaki and Mahakali: An Overview. Part Four: India Bangladesh Relations. 7. The Ganges River. I. Introduction and History. II. The Ganges Treaty Regime. III. Conclusion. Part Five: General Conclusion. 8. Conflict, Cooperation and Treaties: Retrospect and Prospects. Selected Bibliography. Annexes: Annex A: India Pakistan. The Indus Waters Treaty, 1960. Annex B: India Nepal. B.1. Revised Agreement on the Kosi Project, 1966. B.2. Agreement on the Gandak Irrigation and Power Project, 1959. B.3. The Mahakali Treaty, 1996. Annex C: India Bangladesh. C.1. Statute of the Indo-Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission, 1972. C.2. The Ganges Treaty, 1966. Index.