Scottish Communities Abroad in the Early Modern Period


Migration is a fundamental feature of human experience. This extraordinary collection of essays focuses on a particularly intriguing sequence of migrations: those of Scots during the period 1600-1800. The book first considers the “near-abroad” (Ireland), the “middle-abroad” (Poland and Lithuania), and the “far-abroad” (the Americas), and then details a number of acutely revealing case histories of Scottish communities in Bergen (Norway), Rotterdam and the Maas (the Netherlands), Gothenburg (Sweden), Kèdainiai (Lithuania), and Hamburg (Germany). Then, concentrating on the Netherlands, the focus shifts to specific cultural/occupational milieux: exiles (usually for religious reasons), students, and soldiers or sailors. In conclusion, three leading scholars—Lex Heerma van Voss, Sølvi Søgner, and Thomas O’Connor—offer wider contextual perspectives that compare the Scottish experience with that of other countries. As Professor T.C. Smout says in his Foreword, “The present volume is a breakthrough, surely the biggest advance in the field for a hundred years.”

Contributors include: Douglas Catterall, David Dobson, Patrick Fitzgerald, Ginny Gardner, Alexia Grosjean, Lex Heerma van Voss, Waldemar Kowalski, Andrew Little, Esther Mijers, Steve Murdoch, Thomas O’Connor, Nina Østby Pedersen, T.C. Smout, Sølvi Sogner, Kathrin Zickermann, and Rimantas Žirgulis.

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Alexia Grosjean, Ph.D. (1998) is a Research Fellow in the University of St Andrews ‘Scottish Parliament Project’. Her main publications include: An Unofficial Alliance: Scotland and Sweden 1569-1654 (2003) and a co-authored volume with Steve Murdoch, Belhelvie: A Millennium of History (2001). Steve Murdoch, Ph.D. (1998) lectures in Scottish history at the University of St Andrews. His main publications include Britain, Denmark-Norway and the House of Stuart 1603–1660: A Diplomatic and Military Analysis (2003), and, as editor, Scotland and the Thirty Years’ War, 1618–1648 (2001).
' The present volume is a breakthrough, surely the biggest single advance in the field for a hundred years.' T. C. Smout, Historiographer Royal in Scotland. ‘ Certainly, a kaleidoscopic range of "Scottish communities abroad" have been interpreted here, as they should be, within multi-national, multi-ethnic settings. Sociological models are employed effectively by the editors (pp. 2-3, 22), who acknowledge that community members could be "atypical of the place where they come from," besides there being cases where Scottish emigration did not lead to the establishment of a Scottish community (p. 20). Such humility shows the degree of thoughtfulness that went into the volume, the fruits of long and arduous work, which will surely inspire others to research further in the field.’ David Worthington, H-Net Atlantic, March 2006
Foreword, T. C. Smout, Historiographer Royal in Scotland Acknowledgements List of Contributors Abbreviations Introduction SECTION I. MIGRANT DESTINATIONS, COLONIES AND PLANTATIONS 1. Scottish Migration to Ireland in the Seventeenth Century, Patrick Fitzgerald 2. The Placement of Urbanised Scots in the Polish Crown during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, Waldemar Kowalski 3. Seventeenth-century Scottish Communities in the Americas, David Dobson SECTION II. ‘LOCATED’ COMMUNITIES 4. Scottish Immigration to Bergen in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, Nina Østby Pedersen 5. Scots along the Maas, c.1570–1750, Douglas Catterall 6. The Scottish Community in Seventeenth-century Gothenburg, Alexia Grosjean & Steve Murdoch 7. The Scottish Community in Këdainiai c.1630–c.1750, Rimantas Žirgulis 8. ‘Briteannia ist mein patria’: Scotsmen and the ‘British’ Community in Hamburg, Kathrin Zickermann SECTION III. COMMUNITIES OF MIND AND INTEREST 9. A Haven for Intrigue: the Scottish Exile Community in the Netherlands, 1660–1690, Ginny Gardner 10. Scottish Students in the Netherlands, 1680–1730, Esther Mijers 11. A Comparative Survey of Scottish Service in the English and Dutch Maritime Communities c.1650–1707, Andrew Little Scottish Comunities Abroad: Some Concluding Remarks, Lex Heerma van Voss, Sølvi Sogner & Thomas O’Connor Index of Names Index of Places Index of Subjects
All those interested in early modern history, migration studies, Scottish history, British history, European history as well as those with an interest in social and historical anthropology.