In this study, an assessment model is developed to guide courts in deciding equal treatment cases. Such a model appears to be indispensable, since relevant equality provisions often do not offer much guidance as to the assessment of unequal treatment. This lack of guidance may lead to diverging approaches and outcomes, which is undesirable from the perspective of equality and legal certainty. The use of the assessment model developed in this study will improve judicial reasoning and enhance the legitimacy of equal treatment case law.
The general assessment model developed in this study is based on theoretical research after the standards that should be used in assessing cases against the principle of equal treatment, supplemented by an elaborate comparative analysis of the equal treatment case law in various legal systems. The result of this approach is the design of an assessment model that is both theoretically sound and workable in practice.
The Dutch edition of this book has been awarded with the Erasmus Study Prize 2003, the Max van der Stoel Human Rights Prize and the Constitutional Law Prize.
1 General Introduction: The Need for a General Decision Model, Chapter
2 A Theoretical Model for Judicial Decision-making on the Principle of Equality, Chapter
3 Assessment Against Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights by the European Court of Human Rights, Chapter
4 Assessment by the European Court of Justice against the Principle of Equality, Chapter
5 Assessment Against the Equal Protection Clause by the Supreme Court, Chapter
6 Assessment Against the Principle of Equality in the Netherlands, Chapter
7 Conclusion: Towards a General Assessment Model, Appendices, Case Law, Bibliography.
This book is of interest to legal academics (university libraries) specialized in equal treatment, human rights and judicial review. Furthermore, the book is of particular importance to judges and solicitors, but may also come out handy for specialized civil servants.