This book deals with the history of a central problem in the philosophy of time: Can time exist without mind or consciousness, and if not, in what respects? Aristotle was the first to formulate this problem, and it has been intensively discussed ever since. This book analyses the answers and arguments and sets them in their historical context. Although there have been very different approaches, the book shows important continuities as well.
Besides being a specialist monograph, it can be used in courses on the philosophy of time in general, or on the realism/idealism debate.
J.J.A. Mooij, M.Sc. in Mathematics (Utrecht), Ph.D. in Philosophy (University of Amsterdam, 1966). Professor of Analytical Philosophy (1970-1976) and of Comparative Literature (1976-1991) in the University of Groningen. Main publications:
La philosophie des mathématiques de Henri Poincaré (1966),
A Study of Metaphor (1976),
Fictional Realities. The Uses of Literary Imagination (1993).
1. Introduction: How old is time?
2. How it started: From Pherecydes to Plato
3. Aristotle: Measurable duration and instant
4. Atomists, holists, moralists: the Epicureans and the Stoics
5. The two times of Neoplatonism
6. Saint Augustine: two times and two creations
7. Retrospect and progress
Utrum tempus possit esse sine anima: Debates around 1300
9. Intermezzo: The arrival of the clock
10. From Renaissance to Baroque
11. Duration and absolute time: Descartes, Spinoza, Locke, Newton
12. The century of Leibniz, Berkeley and Kant
13. Idealists versus realists
14. In search of authentic time: Bergson and the phenomenologists
15. The view from physics: the empiricists
16. Toward the present
All those interested in the study of time and in intellectual history, as well as students of metaphysics and ontology and the history of philosophy in general.