Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage is an interdisciplinary reference work, giving wide coverage of the role of travel in medieval religious life. Dealing with the period 300-1500 A.D., it offers both basic data on as broad a range of European pilgrimage as possible and clearly written, self-contained introductions to the general questions of pilgrimage research. Also available online as part of Brill's Medieval Reference Library Online (BRMLO) - Webpage BRMLO. Despite widespread modern interest in medieval pilgrimage and related issues, no comprehensive work of this type exists and it will be of interest to scholars and students for personal and academic use. Local sites of pilgrimage are represented in this work as well as the main routes to Rome, Jerusalem and Santiago. Written and material sources relating to pilgrimage are used to illustrate aspects of medieval society, from brewing, book production and the trade in relics, to the development of the towns, art, architecture and literature which pilgrimage engendered. The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage will serve as the main starting point for any serious study of this phenomenon. The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage is published in English in one illustrated volume of 550,000 words in 435 signed entries, and is compiled and written by over 180 contributors from Europe and North America. Entries are present alphabetically under headwords, with cross-references, maps, black-and-white illustrations, an editorial introduction and lists of theme and keywords.


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Biographical Note

Larissa Taylor, Ph.D. (1990) in History, Brown University, is Associate Professor of History at Colby College in Maine. She is the author of two books, Soldiers of Christ: Preaching in Late Medieval and Reformation France (1992), winner of the John Nicolas Brown Prize of the Mediaeval Academy of America, and Heresy and Orthodoxy in Sixteenth-Century Paris (1999), and editor of a Brill volume: Preachers and People in the Reformations and Early Modern Period (2001).

Editorial Board

Editorial team: Thomas Izbicki (Rutgers), Rita Tekippe (University of West Georgia), Leigh Ann Craig (Virginia Commonwealth University), John B. Friedman (em. University of Illinois), Kathy Gower (Independent Scholar)

Table of contents

Six main thematic divisions: 1. Art and Architecture; 2. Canon Law and theology; 3. Christian writing & literature; 4. Devotional practices; 5. Economic aspects; 6. Social aspects, with further divisions on the basis of chronology and regional variations. Architecture Access to Shrines Altarpieces Ambulatories Apses Archivolted Portals Bridges and Bridge Chapels Byzantine Pilgrimage Architecture Charlemagne in Architecture Chartreuse de Champmol Corona Chandeliers Crypts English Gothic Architecture English Romanesque Architecture French Gothic Architecture French Romanesque Architecture German Pilgrimage Architecture Holy Land Gothic Architecture Holy Land Romanesque Architecture Holy Wells Iconography of Decoration Influence of Earlier Christian Architecture Iron Grilles in Churches Italian Gothic Architecture Italian Romanesque Architecture Lindisfarne Lintel on the Church of the Holy Sepulchre Mosaics Painted Columns in the Church of the Nativity Pavements, Labyrinths Pilgrimage Churches Retables and Altarpieces Romanesque Church Plans Sculptural Decoration Silver Altar, Pistoia Cathedral Spanish Gothic Architecture Spanish Romanesque Architecture Treasuries Watching Chambers Church Architecture Aachen Cathedral Abbey of Cluny Basilica of Tours Beverley Minster Canterbury Cathedral Chartres Cathedral Church of Sainte-Foy, Conques Church of the Annunciation, Nazareth Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem Cologne Cathedral Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem Ely Cathedral Heiltumsschatz Holy Blood of Wilsnack Holy Chapel Jerusalem Chapel, Bruges Lincoln Cathedral Notre Dame, Paris Pisa Cathedral Pistoia Churches Santiago de Compostela Santo Domingo de Silos Abbey Scala Sancta St Albans St Elisabeth Church St Etienne-des-Gres St James in Architecture (Compostela) St John Lateran St Martial in Architecture St Paul Outside the Walls St Peter’s St Sebaldus Church, Nuremberg St Ursula, Cologne Sta Maria Maggiore Trier Cathedral Vadstena Abbey Wells Cult and Devotion Anthony of Padua Belongings of Saints Birgitta of Sweden Bishops and Abbots, Shrines of Bleeding Hosts Bodily Relics Canonization Catherine of Alexandria Child Saints Confraternities Consecration of Shrines Contact Relics Dreams and Visions of Saints Edward the Confessor Eucharist Exhumation and Translation of Saints Exposure of Relics Francis of Assisi Holy Blood James the Greater Lawrence Louis IX Magi Malefica by Saints Mark the Evangelist Martin of Tours Martin of Tours in Spain Martyrs Mary Magdalen Mary’s Wedding Ring Michael the Archangel Miracles Miracles as Propaganda Patron Saints Paul Penance Peripatetic Saints Peter Plague Saints Processions of Relics Relic Keepers Relics Relics of Christ’s Passion Relics of the Christ Child Relics of the Virgin Mary Rosaries Stephen Textile Contact Relics Theft and Sale of Relics Thomas Becket, Worship of Virgin Mary, Cult of Cult Objects Byzantine Ampullae Crusader Kingdom Ampullae Early Pilgrimage Woodblock Prints English Illuminated Vitae Essen Madonna Iconography of Pilgrim Badges Iconology of Materials Indulgence Handbills Legendary Presents of Charlemagne Manuscript Illumination Pilgrim Accessories Pilgrim Badges Shrines, Decoration, Textiles Terracotta Sculptures Votives Wax Candles Early Pilgrimage Ampullae Caravan Cluniac Promotion of Pilgrimage Empress Helena Exile as Pilgrimage Gift -giving and Charity Guelph Treasure Guidebooks Holy Sepulchre, Architectural Copies of Itinerarium of Egeria Liturgy and Pilgrimage Maps and Plans Melania the Elder Melania the Younger Monastic Pilgrimage Pagan Pilgrimage Paulinus of Nola Penitential Pilgrimage Philip the Good Pilgrimage to Holy People Spiritual Pilgrimage St Simeon Stylites the Elder Travel True Cross Economy Banditry Donations and the Economics of Shrines Fairs Food Horses and Donkeys Inns Lodging Markets Pilgrim Beggars Pilgrim Galley Piracy Professional Pilgrims Prostitution and Brothels Shipping Souvenirs Trade and Pilgrimage Urban Tourism Wills of Pilgrims Experiences Barefootedness Bent Coins Burial ad Sanctos Candles Chains Crutches Ex Votos Fasting Gender Segregation Interaction with Relics Measurement Music and Pilgrimage Opposition to Pilgrimage Palmer Penitential Practices Pilgrim Prayers Processional Pilgrimage and Relics Ritual Bathing Silver Images Tomb Dust Touching of Relics Vicarious Pilgrimage Vigils Weather Islamic Pilgrimage Great Mosque, Damascus Hajj Mamluk Pilgrimage (1250–1517) Ziyara Jewish Pilgrimage Jewish Pilgrimage Literature Accounts of Art in Churches Deguileville Early Pilgrimage Itineraries (333–1099) Egeria English Literary Pilgrimage Fabulous or Imaginative Pilgrimages Felix Fabri Gregory of Tours Homo Viator Irish Immrama Jacques de Vitry Late Medieval French Pilgrimage Narratives Late Medieval German Pilgrimage Narratives Literary Voice of the Pilgrim Magi Narratives Matthew Paris’s Maps Medieval Pilgrimage Writing and its Manuscript Sources Miles Christi Narrative Accounts, Itineraries and Descriptions Navigatio Sancti Brendani Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society Peregrinatio in Terram Sanctam Petrarch’s Pilgrimage Philippe de Mezieres Pilgrimage as Metaphor Pilgrimage in Medieval Drama Pilgrimage of Charlemagne Satiric or Parodic Views of Pilgrimage Scandinavian Pilgrimage Narratives Scholarship on Literary Pilgrimage St Mary of Egypt St Roch Sym and his Bruder Miracles Blindness Deafness Death and Resurrection in Miracles Fire Freeing of Prisoners Healing and Relapse Illness Miracles Lactation Lameness Leprosy Madness Miracles and Blasphemy Miracles and Injury Miracles of Healing Miracles of Justice Miracles of Pregnancy and Birth Miracles of Protection Miracles of Rescue Rescue from Execution Shipwreck Reliquaries Ambazac Chasse Arca Santa Bernward Paten Body Part Shapes Casket of Stephen Casket of the True Cross Caskets of John the Baptist and Pelagius Chasses, Feretories, Bourses, Caskets, and Coffrets Crosses and Cross Bases Crusader Kingdom Reliquaries Demetrios Enger Eucharistic Iconography Felix Hadelinus Hagiography, Local History and Theology Hubertus Inscriptions Irish Cult Objects Isidore of Leon Italian Reliquaries Limoges Enamels Lobed Phylacteries Monstrances and Ostensoria Pope Alexander Reliquaries of Benedict, Scholastica and Maur Reliquaries of Charlemagne Reliquaries of St Stephen Reliquaries of Thomas Becket Reliquary of Elizabeth of Marburg Reliquary of Pepin Reliquary of St James Reliquary of St Martial Reliquary of St Ursula Reliquary of the Virgin Rheno- Mosan Art Sacred Girdle of the Virgin Sainte-Chasse Salvation Th emes St Aemilian St Foy, Statue of St Magdalen Altarpiece St Maurice Statues Tower Reliquaries Typology of Reliquaries Vessels Volto Santo Sites Aachen Abbey of Saint-Denis Anno, Shrine of Assisi Athos Autun Auxerre Balkan Road Rock Paintings Basilica of St John Lateran Bruges Burgos Burgundian Pilgrimage Celtic and Welsh Sites Cluny Compostela, Routes to Conques Constantinople Czestochowa Einsiedeln Einsiedeln Abbey English Sites Finisterre German Sites Glastonbury Iona Iona Abbey Irish Pilgrimage Le Puy Leon Low Countries Mecca Medina Monastery of Lindisfarne Monte Gargano Montecassino Montserrat Moroccan Sites Mount Sinai Nidaros Pilgrimage Routes Ravenna Rocamadour Rome Rothenburg Saint Maximin-la-Sainte- Baume Scandinavian Sites Shrine of the Three Kings, Cologne Sicily and the South Spanish Sites St Alban, Shrine of St Andrews St David’s St Giles St James and Santiago de Compostela St Patrick’s Purgatory Vadstena, Shrine of St Winifred’s Well Th essalonika Toulouse Venice Vezelay Wayside Shrines Wulfstan, Shrine of York Zaragoza Society Abandonment of Pilgrims Barriers to Pilgrimage Childbirth and Pilgrimage Children and Pilgrims Communitas and Pilgrimage Contested Pilgrimage Crowds of Pilgrims False Pilgrims Fertility Hat Hazards of Pilgrimage Hospital of St John Knighting of Pilgrims Liminality Margery Kempe Menstruation and Pilgrimage Motivations for Pilgrimage Parish Clergy and Pilgrimage Peregrini Pilgrim Costume Pilgrim Groups Pilgrimage of Friars Pilgrimage of Monks Pilgrimage of Nobles Pilgrimage of Nuns Pilgrimage of Parents Pilgrimage of Widows Pilgrimage of Wives Poor Pilgrims Religious Pilgrimage Return from Pilgrimage Robe Royal Pilgrims Sandals Scrip Staff Theory and Pilgrimage War and Pilgrimage Women Pilgrims Women’s Hospital, Jerusalem Th eology Canon Law Regarding Pilgrims Certifi cate of Pilgrimage Corpus Christi Crusades Crusading Orders Indulgences Papacy and Pilgrimage Papal Penitentiary Pardoner Purgatory Roman Jubilee Sexuality and Pilgrimage Vows


Targeted users include: students and researchers engaged in medieval history and culture through to graduate work students of the humanities, history, cultural studies, medieval studies teachers seeking a distillation of research that has taken place outside their own particular specialty journalists, reviewers, and other writers educated nonspecialists, public library patrons