Coalitions Between Terrorist Organizations

Revolutionaries, Nationalists and Islamists

This volume proposes some theories on the conditions that favor the formation of coalitions between terrorist organizations, and how they function within the changing international system. These theories are tested against empirical data on actual cooperation between European and Palestinian terrorist organizations from 1968 to 1990, and cooperation between European left-wing terrorist organizations (the phenomenon known as Euro-terrorism) from 1984 to 1988. These findings form the basis of a broader theory concerning cooperation and coalitions between organizations involved in international terrorism. Finally, an attempt is made to verify whether the new terrorist players driven, at least theoretically, by religious motivation, will imitate the behavior of the ideological or nationalist organizations, and to test whether the theories concerning cooperation and coalitions developed in this volume apply to the new reality.

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Biographical Note

Ely Karmon is a Senior Research Scholar at the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), an internationally renowed think-tank based at the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) in Herzliya, Israel. He lectures on terrorism and guerrilla warfare at the IDC. He has written extensively on international terrorism, WMD terrorism, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, state-sponsored terrorism, and terrorism in Turkey. He is an advisor to the Israeli Ministry of Defence and a member of the UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute's (UNICRI) International Permanent Observatory on Security Measures During Major Events.

Review Quotes

"In sum, this is an extremely useful book on an important topic that has the potential, depending upon how things develop, to become even more significant in the future. […] Karmon's study is the only extant work that deals with the question of collaboration between terrorist groups from various milieus in a focused, historically sensitive, and methodically systematic fashion, which likely will make it the starting point for most future researchers concerned with these complex issues." – Jeffrey M Bale, in: The Middle East Journal 60/4 (Autumn 2006) "Top 50 Books on Terrorism and Counterterrorism […] Ely Karmon’s Coalitions Between Terrorist Organizations: Revolutionaries, Nationalists and Islamists […] is an important and innovative study of how terrorist organizations form cooperative coalitions and how they function within the changing international system […] In a masterful 70-page chapter on the Islamist terrorist networks, the hypotheses generated by the previous case studies are tested to determine whether the new terrorist actors who emerged in the 1990s, such as al-Qaeda and other Islamist groups around the world, who are driven by religious motivation, act in a similar fashion as their ideological and nationalist predecessors in forming cooperative coalitions." – Joshua Sinai, in: Perspectives on Terrorism Journal II/11 (2008)

Table of contents

Acknowledgments; Preface; About the Author; Introduction; 1. Theoretical Framework and Research Paradigm; 2. Variables and Research Hypotheses; 3. Germany – Radical Left-Wing Organizations; 4. Italy – The Red Brigades; 5. France – Action Directe; 6. Euro-Terrorism (1984-88); 7. Italy – Radical Right-Wing Organizations; 8. Spain – The ETA; 9. The Palestinian Terrorist Organizations; 10. Testing the Hypotheses; 11. The Islamist Networks; Conclusion; Abbreviations; Bibliography.

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