The Peshitta: Its Use in Literature and Liturgy

Papers Read at the Third Peshitta Symposium


For the first time, this volume brings together biblical scholars and specialists in Syriac liturgy and patristic literature. It contains introductory essays on the Syriac versions in the liturgy, the Syriac Old Testament commentary tradition, and the challenges posed to exegetes by the different Syriac versions of the New Testament, written by the leading scholars in the field. Twenty-one further contributions discuss the patristic and liturgical evidence for the development of the text of the Peshitta and other Syriac versions, as well as the reception and use of those versions in the exegesis and liturgy of the Syriac Churches. These studies are fully updated versions of the papers read at the Third Peshitta Symposium, held in Leiden, 12-15 August 2001.


EUR €188.00USD $228.00

Biographical Note

Bas ter Haar Romeny, Ph.D. (1997), Leiden University, is Professor of Old Testament and Eastern Christianity at Leiden University. He has published extensively on the biblical text and the history of its interpretation, including A Syrian in Greek Dress (Peeters, 1997).

Review Quote

... the proceedings of the Third Peshitta Symposium in 2001 (first two in 1985 and 1993) present a major contribution to the study of Syriac scriptures. [...] While there was certainly no attempt to be all-inclusive in this volume, the editor and participants come surprisingly close to providing a virtual manual of the reception history of the Peshitta. - Robert A. Kitchen, Knox-Metropolitan United Church Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada

Table of contents

KEYNOTE LECTURES The Use of the Syriac Versions in the Liturgy Sebastian P. Brock Between the School and the Monk’s Cell: The Syriac Old Testament Commentary Tradition Lucas Van Rompay Problems in the Syriac New Testament and How Syrian Exegetes Solved Them William L. Petersen PAPERS The Biblical Text in the Disputation of Sergius the Stylite against a Jew A. Peter Hayman Reworking the Biblical Text in the Dramatic Dialogue Poems on the Old Testament Patriarch Joseph Kristian Heal The Old Testament in the New: The Syriac Versions of the New Testament as a Witness to the Text of the Old Testament Peshitta Jan Joosten The ‘Syriac Masora’ and the New Testament Peshitta Andreas Juckel The Four Kingdoms in Peshitta Daniel 7 in the Light of the Early History of Interpretation Arie van der Kooij Aphrahat’s Use of his Old Testament Marinus D. Koster ‘There is No Need of Turtle-Doves or Young Pigeons . . .’ (Jacob of Sarug). Quotations and Non-Quotations of Leviticus in Selected Syriac Writers David J. Lane Ephrem, his School, and the Yawnaya: Some Remarks on the Early Syriac Versions of the New Testament Christian Lange Isho‘dad’s Knowledge of Hebrew as Evidenced from his Treatment of Peshitta Ezekiel Jerome A. Lund The Text of the New Testament in the Acts of Judas Thomas Craig E. Morrison, O.Carm. Interpretation in the Greek Antiochenes and the Syriac Fathers Shinichi Muto The Book of Proverbs in Aphrahat’s Demonstrations Robert J. Owens Sirach Quotations in the Discourses of Philoxenus of Mabbug: Text and Context Wido van Peursen The Reception of Peshitta Chronicles: Some Elements for Investigation David Phillips The Greek vs. the Peshitta in a West Syrian Exegetical Collection (BL Add. 12168) Bas ter Haar Romeny The Peshitta and Biblical Quotations in the Longer Syriac Version of the Commentary of Athanasius on the Psalms (BL Add. 14568), with special attention to Psalm 23 (24) and 102 (103) Harry F. van Rooy The Reception of the Peshitta Psalter in Bar Salibi’s Commentary on the Psalms Stephen D. Ryan, O.P. Obscure Words in the Peshitta of Samuel, according to Theodore bar Koni Alison Salvesen New Testament Quotations in the Breviary of the Syrian Orthodox Church. Example: The Annunciation (Luke 1:26–38) Aho Shemunkasho The Psalm Headings in the West Syrian Tradition David G.K. Taylor Peshitta New Testament Quotations in the West Syrian Anaphoras: Some General Observations Baby Varghese


All those interested in the history of biblical interpretation, the textual history of the Syriac versions (Old and New Testaments), as well as Syriac liturgy and Syriac and Greek patristic literature.