This book provides a standard reference of the major medieval Jewish philosophers, as well as an eminently readable narrative of the course of medieval Jewish philosophical thought, presented as a response to the spiritual-intellectual challenges facing Judaism in that period.
The accounts of Saadia, Bahya, Halevi, Maimonides, and Crescas are among the fullest available in English. Other thinkers discussed in depth include Israeli, Ibn Gabirol, Gersonides, and Albo; the work also includes capsule summaries of Bar Hiyya, Falaquera, Albalag, Duran, Abravanel and others. All of the summaries place the philosophical thought of these important thinkers in the context of the historical challenges and religious concerns of their age.
Eliezer Schweid is retired Professor of Jewish Thought at the Hebrew University. He has published over 20 books in general and specific areas of Jewish thought of all periods, and has commented frequently on the relevance of the legacy of Jewish thought to contemporary issues of Jewish and universal human concern.
Table of contents
PART ONE THE EARLY MASTERS: FROM SAADIA TO HALEVI
Chapter One R. Saadia Gaon
Chapter Two R. Isaac ben Solomon Israeli
Chapter Three R. Baḥya ben Joseph Ibn Pakudah
Chapter 4 R. Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Chapter Five R. Abraham Bar Ḥiyya
Chapter Six R. Judah Halevi
PART TWO MAIMONIDES
Chapter Seven Maimonides’s Personality & Oeuvre
Chapter Eight Maimonides’s Earlier Philosophical Writings—The Introductions to the Mishnah
Chapter Nine Maimonides’ Politics, Psychology & Ethics
Chapter Ten Maimonides’s Theory of Prophecy
Chapter Eleven Foundations of Maimonides’s Theology
Chapter Twelve Creation and Providence in Maimonides
Chapter Thirteen Summary of Maimonidean Thought
PART THREE THE LATER MASTERS: CONTINUATION AND TRANSITION
Chapter Fourteen The Maimonidean Controversy
Chapter Fifteen Transformations in Aristotelian Philosophy
Chapter Sixteen Gersonides
Chapter Seventeen R. Ḥasdai Crescas
Chapter Eighteen R. Joseph Albo
Chapter Nineteen The Turn To Cultural Thought
Chapter Twenty From Spain to Italy
All those interested in Jewish thought, Judaism, and medieval philosophy in general.