Drawing on original data, secondary literature, aerial photographs and archives, this book analyzes changes in the use of the landscape and the nature of rural livelihoods in two South African villages. Taking an interdisciplinary approach on how livelihoods and landscapes in the Eastern Cape link the text provides a comprehensive study of the patterns of land use over time. Three separate chapters focus on cropping and cultivation practices, livestock and foraging as well as the gathering of wild plants. The book gives a vivid picture of the social dynamics and the interaction between ‘urban’ and ‘rural’. It depicts the steady deterioration in agricultural production and the corresponding increase in dependence on social grants and wages. Despite this trend remnants of a peasantry do exist.
Paul Hebinck (Ph.D.) in Social Sciences, University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands, Associate Professor Wageningen University in the Department of Social Sciences and Adjunct Professor University of Fort Hare. He has published largely on land and livelihoods in East and Southern Africa.
Peter C. Lent (Ph.D.) in Zoology, University of Alberta, Canada, is retired from the U.S. Department of Interior and has been affiliated with the University of Fort Hare, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, for several years. He has published extensively on biology and resource management.
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1 INVESTIGATING RURAL LIVELIHOODS AND LANDSCAPES IN GUQUKA AND KOLONI: AN INTRODUCTION
Paul Hebinck 2 RURAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE EASTERN CAPE
Paul Hebinck and Wim van Averbeke 3 AGRO-ECOLOGY, LAND USE AND SMALLHOLDER FARMING IN THE CENTRAL EASTERN CAPE
Wim van Averbeke and James Bennett 4 A SOCIAL HISTORY OF GUQUKA AND KOLONI: SETTLEMENT AND RESOURCES
Paul Hebinck and Lothar Smith 5 NATURAL RESOURCE BASE AND AGRICULTURAL POTENTIALS
Peter C. Lent 6 LOCAL GOVERNANCE AND INSTITUTIONS
Wim van Averbeke and James Bennett 7 THE VIEW FROM ABOVE: A HISTORY OF LAND USE IN GUQUKA AND KOLONI, 1938-1996
Peter C. Lent and Guilty Mupakati 8 PRODUCTION OF CROPS IN ARABLE FIELDS AND HOME GARDENS
Paul Hebinck and Nomakaya Monde 9 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND FORAGE RESOURCES
James Bennett and Peter C. Lent 10 GATHERING FROM THE LAND
Peter Lent 11 MOBILITY AND POPULATION DYNAMICS
Lothar Smith and Paul Hebinck 12 CONTEMPORARY LIVELIHOODS
Wim van Averbeke and Paul Hebinck 13 LIFE HISTORIES AND LIVELIHOOD TRAJECTORIES
Paul Hebinck, Wim van Averbeke, Nomakhaya Monde, Lothar Smith and James Bennett 14 LIVELIHOODS AND LANDSCAPES: PEOPLE, RESOURCES AND LAND USE
Paul Hebinck and Wim van Averbeke References
List of contributors
Practioners, policy makers and academics with an interst in agriculture, land use, rural development and rural livelihoods.