Diasporas and the Advent of a New (Dis)order

This book deals with transnationalism and captures its singularity as a generalized phenomenon. The profusion of transnational communities is a factor of fluidity in social orders and represents confrontations between contingencies and basic socio-cultural drives. It has created a new era different from the past at essential respects. This is an age of enriching cultural diversity fraught with threatening risks inextricably linked to contemporary globalization. National sovereignty is eroded from above by global processes, from below by aspirations of sub-national groups, and from the sides - by transnational allegiances. This is the backdrop against which this book delves into the fundamental issues relating to the nature, scope and overall significance of transnationalism.

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Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Ph.D. (1974) in Sociology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is a Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Tel Aviv University. He is Past President of the International Institute of Sociology. His recent works include Jewish Identities (2001) and Is Israel One? (2005). His edited works include Identity, Culture and Globalization (2001), Sociology and Ideology (2003), and Comparing Modernities (2005).

Yitzhak Sternberg, Ph.D. (2004) in Sociology, Tel Aviv University, teaches at the Open University, Israel. One of his main research interests is Nativism in immigrant societies. His edited works include Identity, Culture and Globalization (2001), Comparing Modernities (2005) and New Elites in Israel (2007, in Hebrew).
Introduction: Debating transnationalism by Eliezer Ben-Rafael and Yitzhak Sternberg

I. Perspectives
1. New Transnational Communities and Networks: Globalization Changes in Civilizational Frameworks by Shmuel N. Eisenstadt
2. Deconstructing and reconstructing “Diaspora”: A Study in socio-historical semantics by Stéphane Dufoix
3. The Diaspora and the Homeland: Reciprocities, Transformations, and Role Reversals by William Safran
4. Contemporary Immigration in Comparative Perspective by Yitzhak Sternberg
5. Solid, ductile and liquid: changing notions of homeland and home in diaspora studies by Robin Cohen
6. The misfortunes of integration by Michel Wieviorka
7. Value-orientations in Catholic, Muslim and Protestant societies by Ephraim Yuchtman-Yaar and Yasmin Alkalay
8. Rethinking History From Trans-National Perspectives by David Thelen
9. Across time and space: Identity and transnational diaspora by Tobie Nathan
10. The transglobal network nation diaspora, homeland, and hostland by Michel S. Laguerre

II. Jews as a paradigmatic space of cases
11. International Migration of Jews by Sergio DellaPergola
12. Chapter 12. Is the Jewish Trans-national Diaspora Still Unique? by Yosef Gorny
13. American Jewry's 'Social Zion': Changes through Time by Allon Gal
14. The New Russian-Jewish Diaspora in Israel and in the West: Between Integration and Transnationalism by Larissa I. Remennick
Appendix: The Russian language in Israel by Marina Niznik
15. Russian-Speaking Jews and Germany’s Local Jewry by Julius H. Schoeps
16. Israeli and American Jews: Kinsmen Apart by Moshe Shokeid
17. The Israeli Jewish Diaspora in the United States: Socio-cultural Mobility and Attachment to Homeland by Uzi Rebhun
18. “Majority Societies” in Jewish Diasporas: Latin American Experiences by Haim Avni
19. Latin American Jews: A Transnational Diaspora by Judit Bokser Liwerant
20. A Reexamination of the Main Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Diasporas and their Applicability to the Jewish Diaspora by Gabriel Sheffer

III. Worldwide dynamics
21. The linguistic landscape of transnationalism: The divided heart of Europe by Miriam Ben-Rafael and Eliezer Ben-Rafael
22. Muslim transnationalism and diaspora in Europe: migrant experience and theoretical reflection by Nina Clara Tiesler
Appendix: Jews and Moslems in Contemporary France by Roland Goetschel
23. Roman Catholicism and the challenge of globalization by Danièle Hervieu-Léger
24. Accidental Diasporas and External “Homelands” in Central and Eastern Europe: Past and Present by Rogers Brubaker
25. Marginality Reconstructed: Sub-National and Trans-National Identities in the Wake of International Migration and Tourism by Victor Azarya
26. Civil Society in the United States. From Pluralism to Multiculturalism and Fragmentation into Diasporas? by Richard Münch
27. Issues of Identity in the Indian Diaspora: A Transnational Perspective by Ajaya Kumar Sahoo
28. Negotiating Gender Ideologies and Identities: PRC Chinese Women as Transnational Migrants in Global-City Singapore by Brenda S.A. Yeoh and Natalie Yap
29. Immigrant Transnational Organizations and Development: A Comparative Study by Alejandro Portes, Cristina Escobar and Alexandria Walton Radford
30. Black Zionism — The Return to Africa in Theory and Practice by Benyamin Neuberger
31. The Case of Ex-Soviet Scientists by Maria N. Yelenevskaya and Larisa Fialkova

IV. Comparing and concluding
32. Multiple transnationalisms: Moslems, Africans, Chinese and Hispanics by Eliezer Ben-Rafael
Epilogue: Chaos and Gestalt by Eliezer Ben-Rafael and Yitzhak Sternberg

List of Contributors
All those interested in transnationalism, globalization, multiculturalism, contemporary and past diasporas, ethnicity and minority studies, contemporary and past migration, international relations, modernity, and the study of religions and civilizations.