Over the years the use of computers for research has become increasingly important in Biblical Studies. However, a combination of computational linguistics with diachronic text-critical and text-historical approaches has hardly ever taken place. Quite often, there is mutual misunderstanding between computational linguistics and more traditional approaches in the field of linguistics and textual analysis. For example, in computer-assisted research of modern text corpora it is common to treat the text as an unequivocal and unidimensional sequence of characters. In Biblical Studies, however, either text is considered an abstraction, the result of a scholarly reconstruction based on the extant textual witnesses. Here a fundamental difference in approach reveals itself.
The present volume tries to overcome the misunderstanding between the various disciplines and to establish how a fruitful interaction of information technology, linguistics and textual criticism, can contribute to the analysis of ancient texts. It addresses questions concerning the confrontation between synchronic and diachronic approaches, the role of linguistic analysis in the interpretation of texts, and the interaction of linguistic theory and the analysis of linguistic data.
The first section of this volume contains the papers presented at the CALAP seminar 2003. In the second section different aspects of the interdisciplinary analysis are applied to a selected passage from the Peshitta of Kings.
Percy S.F. van Keulen, Ph.D. (1995), Leiden University, is research fellow at the Peshitta Institute Leiden and author of
Manasseh through the Eyes of the Deuteronomists (Leiden 1996) and
Two Versions of the Solomon Narrative (Leiden 2004).
Willem Th. van Peursen, Ph.D. (1999), Leiden Unversity, is research fellow at the Peshitta Institute Leiden and author of
The Verbal System in the Hebrew text of Ben Sira (Leiden 2003) and
Language and Interpretation in the Syriac Text of Ben Sira (Leiden 2007).
Part One Papers Presented at the CALAP Seminar CALAP: An Interdisciplinary Debate between Textual Criticism, Textual Hisory and Computer-assisted Linguistic Analysis Konrad D. Jenner, Wido van Peursen and Eep Talstra How to Transfer the Research Questions into Linguistic Data Types and Analytical Instruments? Eep Talstra, Konrad D. Jenner and Wido van Peursen A Discourse on Method: Basic Parameters of Computer-Assisted Linguistic Analysis on Word Level Hendrik Jan Bosman and Constantijn J. Sikkel Response to ‘A Discourse on Method’ by Hendrik Jan Bosman and Constantijn J. Sikkel Pier G. Borbone Response to Pier G. Borbone Hendrik Jan Bosman and Constantijn J. Sikkel On not Putting Descartes before D. Hume: Balancing Rationalism and Empiricism in Corpus Tagging. Comments on ‘A Discourse on Method’ by Hendrik Jan Bosman and Constantijn J. Sikkel A. Dean Forbes Response to A. Dean Forbes Hendrik Jan Bosman and Constantijn J. Sikkel Data Preparation: What are we Doing and Why Should we? Janet W. Dyk Response to ‘Data Preparation: What are we Doing and Why Should we?’ by Janet W. Dyk Geoffrey Khan Three Approaches to the Tripartite Nominal Clause in Syriac Wido van Peursen Comments on ‘Three Approaches to the Tripartite Nominal Clause in Syriac’ by Wido van Peursen Gideon Goldenberg Comments on ‘Three Approaches to the Tripartite Nominal Clause in Syriac’ by Wido van Peursen Jan Joosten A Response to ‘Three Approaches to the Tripartite Nominal Clause in Syriac’ by Wido van Peursen and a Bit More Takamitsu Muraoka Response to the Responses Wido van Peursen Points of Agreement between the Targum and Peshitta Versions of Kings against the MT: a Sounding Percy S.F. van Keulen A Reply to ‘Points of Agreement between the Targum and Peshitta Versions of Kings against the MT’ by Percy van Keulen Bas ter Haar Romeny Response to ‘Points of Agreement between the Targum and Peshitta Versions of Kings against the MT: a Sounding’ by Percy S.F. van Keulen Donald M. Walter Part Two 1 Kings 2:1–9 Textual Features of the Peshitta of 1 Kings 2:1–9 Percy S.F. van Keulen Worked Examples from 1 Kings 2:1–9: Word Level Analysis Hendrik Jan Bosman and Constantijn J. Sikkel 1 Kings 2:1–9: Some Results of a Structured Hierarchical Approach Janet W. Dyk Lexical Correspondence and Translation Equivalents: Building a Concordance Janet W. Dyk Nominal Clauses in the Peshitta of 1 Kings 2:1–9 Wido van Peursen Exegetical and Text-Historical Differences from the MT in the Peshitta Version of 1 Kings 2:1–9 Percy S.F. van Keulen Epilogue: The Peshitta of 1 Kings 2:1–9 from a Linguistic and Text-Historical Perspective Wido van Peursen Index of passages Index of authors