The Didache, or Doctrine of the Twelve Apostles, is an important source for our knowledge of early Christianity. The Didache demonstrates that we should understand nascent Christianity and early Judaism as sharing to a large extent the same traditions.
The volume throws fresh light on the Jewishness of the Two Ways teaching in Didache 1-6. It presents a cautious reconstruction of the Jewish prototype of the Two Ways and traces the Jewish life situation in which the instruction could emerge and flourish. This attempt is important, as it provides us with a Jewish source (and its transmission) underlying Christian and Jewish writings. For example, it is shown how acquaintance with these traditional materials benefits our perception of the antithetical section in Matthew 5:17-48.
In the field of liturgical studies, a significant contribution is made to the discussion of Didache 7-10. It improves our understanding of the Jewish provenance and historical development of Baptism and the Eucharist. The book also presents an intriguing look into the redactional stages behind the materials about church discipline. The ministry of itinerant apostles and prophets moving from town to town, and their settling down in the community, is considered in the perspective of the larger environment of Jewish religious and cultural history.
This volume will prove indispensable for all those engaged in the study of early Judaism, the New Testament, Patristics, the origins of Christian liturgy, and early Church history in general.
Huub van de Sandt is lecturer in New Testament Studies at the Tilburg Faculty of Theology. Together with the late David Flusser, he is the author of The Didache. Its Jewish Sources and its Place in Early Judaism and Christianity (2002).
“This stimulating collection of essays from an international group of scholars provides extensive and insightful exploration of the possible relationships between the Gospel of Matthew and the Didache, and of the location of both texts in Jewish/Christian contexts.” Warren Carter, Professor of New Testament, Saint Paul School of Theology, Kansas City, Missouri.
Table of contents
I Milieu 1 Hypotheses on the Development of Judaism and Christianity in Syria in the Period after 70 C.E. - Bas ter Haar Romeny 2 The Milieu of Matthew, the Didache, and Ignatius of Antioch: Agreements and Differences - Clayton N. Jefford II The Two Documents: Their Provenance and Origin 3 The History and Social Setting of the Matthean Community - Wim Weren 4 When, Why, and for Whom Was the Didache Created? Insights into the Social and Historical Setting of the Didache communities - Aaron Milavec III Two Documents from the Same Jewish-Christian Milieu? 5 The Sermon on the Mount and the Two Ways Teaching of the Didache - Kari Syreeni 6 The Use of the Synoptics or Q in Did. 1:3b-2:1 - John S. Kloppenborg 7 The Halakhic Evidence of Didache 8 and Matthew 6 and the Didache Community’s Relationship to Judaism - Peter J. Tomson 8 Didache 9-10: A Litmus Test for the Research on Early Christian Liturgy Eucharist - Gerard Rouwhorst 9 Les charismatiques itinérants dans la Didachè et dans l’Évangile de Matthieu (with an English abstract) - André Tuilier 10 Two Windows on a Developing Jewish-Christian Reproof Practice: Matt 18:15-17 and Did. 15:3 - Huub van de Sandt 11 Eschatology in the Didache and the Gospel of Matthew - Joseph Verheyden 12 Do the Didache and Matthew Reflect an “Irrevocable Parting of the Ways” with Judaism? - Jonathan A. Draper