The growing military, political and socio-economic costs for all belligerents as the Great War entered its fourth year were increasingly evident, liberal democracies and authoritarian states alike having to remobilise public opinion for yet greater sacrifices. While the Western Front was facing these challenges, 1917 was also marked by the collapse of Tsarist Russia and by food riots resuting both from the Entente's blockade of Central Europe and the revival of unrestricted submarine warfare by the Central Powers. Ottoman Turkey was feeling the strain of war as well, as British forces advanced in both Palestine and Mesopotamia. For states as yet uncommitted to war, such as the United States and China, 1917 was a year of decision. This volume amply illustrates the significance of this crucial year in the global conflict.
Contributors are Lawrence Sondhaus, Eric Grove, Keith Grieves, Matthew Hughes, Kaushik Roy, Vanda Wilcox, Laura Rowe, and Nick Hewitt.
Ian F.W. Beckett is Professor of History at the University of Northampton. A Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, he is also Chairman of the Army records Society. His many publications include
The Great War (2nd edn, 2007) and
The First World War: The Essential Guide to Sources in the UK National Archives (2002).
Table of contents
List of Contributors .. vii
Introduction .. ix
Ian F. W. Beckett
Planning for the Endgame: The Central Powers, September 1916–April 1917 .. 1
Generalship and Mass Surrender during the Italian Defeat at Caporetto .. 25
‘Weary Waiting is Hard Indeed’: The Grand Fleet after Jutland .. 47
Counting Unrest: Physical Manifestations of Unrest and Their Relationship to Admiralty Perception .. 71
Climax in the Baltic: The German Maritime Offensive in the Gulf of Riga in October 1917 .. 97
Command, Strategy and the Battle for Palestine, 1917 .. 113
The Army in India in Mesopotamia from 1916 to 1918: Tactics, Technology and Logistics Reconsidered .. 131
War Comes to the Fields: Sacrifi ce, Localism and Ploughing Up the English Countryside in 1917 .. 159
Index .. 177
All those interested in modern international history, the history of war, and the First World War.