Pierre Bayle (1647-1706), le philosophe de Rotterdam: Philosophy, Religion and Reception

Selected Papers of the Tercentenary Conference held at Rotterdam, 7–8 December 2006


Volume Editors: Wiep van Bunge and Hans Bots
This book contains 15 essays by philosophers, theologians and historians from the Netherlands, France, Italy, England and the United States on Pierre Bayle (1647-1706), the French Protestant who found refuge in Rotterdam just before the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). From the early 1680s onward, Bayle published a series of seminal works, culminating in his Dictionaire historique et critique (1697), that is generally regarded to have served as the "arsenal" of the Enlightenment. Over the last few decades, Bayle has been rediscovered as one of the key authors of the early Enlightenment, but experts have found it extremely difficult to come to any agreement concerning his ultimate position, most notably concerning the relationship between faith and philosophy. In this volume both Bayle's philosophy and his theological views are assessed as well as his impact on the Enlightenment and beyond.

Contributors include: Hubert Bost, Hans Bots, Wiep van Bunge, Justin Champion, Jonathan Israel, Eric Jorink, Lenie van Lieshout, Antony McKenna, Gianni Paganini, Marie-Hélène Quéval, Todd Ryan, Adam Sutcliffe, Rob van der Schoor, Theo Verbeek, and Jan de Vet.

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Wiep van Bunge, PhD. (1990) in Philosophy, Erasmus University of Rotterdam, is Professor in the History of Philosophy at the Erasmus University. His publications include From Stevin to Spinoza (Brill, 2001). He (co-)edited Disguised and Overt Spinozism around 1700 (Brill, 1996) and The Early Enlightenment in the Dutch Republic (2003).

Hans Bots, PhD. (1971), University of Nijmegen. Since 1976 professor in Nijmegen in the History of Intellectual Relations between the West-European Countries in the Early Modern Period. Author and editor of many publications on the history of the Republic of Letters, learned correspondences and journalism of the 17th and 18th centuries. He coedited Les Grands intermédiaires culturels de la République des Lettres (Paris: Champion, 2007).
"The book gives readers a scrupulously reliable and often insightful introduction to Bayle’s life and thought." J.B. Shank, H-France Review, vol. 11 (2011) 194, pp. 1-14.


1. La vie culturelle à Rotterdam du temps de Bayle, Lenie van Lieshout
2. Dutch Cartesians in Bayle’s Dictionary, Theo Verbeek
3. Bayle and Occasionalism: The Argument from Continuous Creation, Todd Ryan
4. Comets in Context. Some Thoughts on Bayle’s Pensées diverses, Eric Jorink
5. Pierre Bayle et les catholiques, Hans Bots
6. Pierre Bayle, un “protestant compliqué”, Hubert Bost
7. Bayle et les théologies philosophiques de son temps, Gianni Paganini
8. Bayle and Judaism, Adam Sutcliffe
9. Bayle’s Double Image during the Enlightenment, Jonathan Israel
10. L’édition allemande du Dictionnaire historique et critique de Pierre Bayle (1741-1744) par Johann Christoph Gottsched, Marie-Hélène Quéval
11. Bayle in the English Enlightenment, Justin Champion
12. The Presence of Bayle in the Dutch Republic, Wiep van Bunge
13. Bayle in Two Periodicals of the Late Eighteenth Century: His Presence in L’année littéraire and Journal encyclopédique, Jan de Vet
14. Pierre Bayle and Some of the Figures in His Dictionnaire as seen by De Gids and a Number of Nineteenth-Century Dutch Freethinker and Freemason Periodicals, Rob van der Schoor
15. Pierre Bayle in the Twentieth Century, Antony McKenna

All those interested in intellectual history, religious history, the Refuge and the Enlightenment.